The 49th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 15 officers and 126 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 5 officers and 174 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and on the Spotsylvania battlefield.
|Organized at Buffalo, N.Y.|
|September 18||Mustered in under Colonel Daniel D. Bidwell and Lieutenant Colonel William Alberger|
|September 20||Left State for Washington, D.C.|
|October||Camp near Lewinsville, Defenses of Washington. D.C. Attached to Stevens’ 3rd Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|October 13||2 men wounded at Lewinsville, Virginia|
|October 21||George Washington Johnson mustered in as major|
|December 20||Action at Dranesville, Va.|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 22||Ordered to the Peninsula, Va.|
Action at Lee’s Mills
The regiment lost 1 man killed and 4 enlisted men wounded
|April 5-May 4||Siege of Yorktown|
|April 16||Lee’s Mills|
|May 5||Battle of Williamsburg|
|May||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
New Bridge, Virginia
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 3 wounded
|June 25-July 1||
Seven days before Richmond
The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 wounded
|June 27||Garnett’s Farm|
|June 28||Garnett’s and Golding’s Farm|
|June 29||Savage Station|
|June 30||White Oak Swamp|
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|August 16-27||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville|
|August 28-31||In works at Centreville|
|September 1||Cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign|
|September 14||Battle of Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain|
The regiment lost 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded. Lieutenant Colonel William Alberger, 1 other officer and 14 enlisted men were wounded.
From the War Department markers (double marker number 74) on the Antietam battlefield:
Irwin’s Brigade came on the field about noon of the 17th, and formed across the Smoketown Road in rear of a line of Artillery.
After an unsuccessful attempt to penetrate the Confederate line south of the Dunkard Church, the Brigade rallied behind the ridge east of the Hagerstown Pike and between it and Mumma’s Lane, the left of the Brigade resting a few yards west of the lane, where it was exposed to a severe fire of Artillery and Sharpshooters.
About 5 P.M., the 7th Maine, on the left of the Brigade, crossed Mumma’s Lane, moved obliquely across the front of Brook’s Brigade, charged over the Bloody Lane at this point, dispersed the Confederates in its front and in the orchard on its left and reached the low ground North of Piper’s Barn, when the enemy from behind the stone fence on the Hagerstown Pike and the hill adjoining poured a severe fire on its right flank and front.
The regiment then obliqued to the left, passed through an opening in the fence into the orchard and to within 70 yards of Piper’s House, here it was met by a withering fire from a column of the enemy moving down the hill east of the house and driven back through the orchard with great loss.
It reformed a short distance east of this point and returned to the position from which it had advanced.
At noon of the 18th, the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division.
From the War Department marker (number 75) on the Antietam battlefield:
Irwin’s Brigade reached the field about noon of the 17th, formed line across the road at this point, and charged through the Batteries and across the fields in their front to check the advance of the Confederates from the West Woods. The direction of its advance was south of the Dunkard Church and, when its right Regiments, the 33d and 77th New York, were nearly abreast the Church, they received such a destructive fire on their right and rear as compelled them to retire to the cover of the ridge in front of the Church, the remainder of the Brigade forming on their left. Late in the day the 7th Maine charged across the Bloody Lane to Piper’s Barn and was repulsed with great loss.
About noon of the 18th the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division, and withdrawn to the rear.
|September-October||Duty in Maryland|
|October 29-November 19||Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|December 11||Lieutenant Colonel Alberger was discharged for disability for his Antietam wound. Captain William Ellis of Company C was promoted to major|
Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man mortally wounded and Lieutennat Frederick Barger, 1 other officer and 5 enlisted men wounded
|January 1||Major Johnson promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations about Franklin’s Crossing|
|May 3 – 4||
Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, and Salem Heights
The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant William Boughton and 10 enlisted men wounded, and 18 enlisted men captured or missing
|May 4||Banks’ Ford|
Deep Run Ravine
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed
Commanded by Colonel Daniel D. Bidwell. The regiment brought 414 men to the field, losing 2 enlisted men wounded.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 5 wounded
|July-October||Duty on line of the Rappahannock|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Rappahannock Station|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|December-April||Duty near Brandy Station|
|May 3-June 15||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James|
Captains Charles Hickmott, John Plogsted and William Wiggins, Lieutenants Charles Hickmott, John McVeane, Reuben Preston, Mortimer Tyler and Henry Valentine and 32 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Hiram Smith, Lieutenant Walter Wilder and 47 enlisted men were wounded, and 4 men captured or missing.
Colonel Bidwell took command of the brigade after the battle when General Neill took over the division from the wounded General Getty. Lieutenant Colonel George Johnson took command of the regiment.
Major William Ellis, Captains Reuben Heacock and Seward Terry, Adjutant Herman Haase, 2 other officers and 46 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captains Erastus Holt, George Selkirk and William Hudson, Lieutenant Aaron Fisher and 70 enlisted men were wounded, and 15 men were missing or captured. The monument on the field at Spotsylvania lists all of the names of the dead in the battle.
|May 12||Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortaly wounded, 5 men wounded and 1 missing
|June 17-18||Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins|
Jerusalem Plank Road
The regiment lost 3 enlisted men wounded
|July 9-11||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
Lieutenant Colonel George Johnson, Lieutenant David Lambert and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Nehemiah Sperry and 14 enlisted men were wounded and 1 man missing
|July 14-22||Pursuit of Early|
|July 27||Captain Erastus Holt of Company I was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|August 4||Captain Andrew Brazee of Company H prmoted to major|
|August 7-November 28||Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign|
|August 18||Colonel Bidwell was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Holt was promoted to colonel but was not mustered.|
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed, 6 wounded and 2 captured
|September 13||Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek|
|September 17||Old members mustered out|
The regiment lost 1 officer and 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 6 enlisted men woudned
|October 18||Major Andrew Brazee mustered out at Buffalo, New York|
General Bidwell was killed while commanding the brigade. The regiment lost 11 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain William Hudson, Lieutenant French Fisher and 25 enlisted men wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Holt was breveted colonel for gallant and meritorious service at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and in the Shenandoah Valley, effective this day.
|October-December||Duty in the Shenandoah Valley|
|December 13-16||Moved to Washington, then to Petersburg, to continue the Siege of Petersburg|
Fort Fisher, Petersburg
The regiment lost 1 officer and 4 enlisted men wounded
Brevet Colonel Holt was mortally wounded by a shot to the head, and one enlisted man was killed. Lieutenant French Fisher and 3 enlisted men were wounded and 3 men missing.
|April 2||Assault on and fall of Petersburg|
|April 3-9||Pursuit of Lee|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 23-27||March to Danville, Va.|
|April 15 – 16||Captain George Selkirk of Company B was promoted to major and Captain Solomon Russell of Company D to major|
|April 17||Major Selkirk was promoted to colonel and Captain Thomas Cluney promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank effective from April 3, but not mustered|
|May 18-June 2||Moved to Richmond, then to Washington|
|June 8||Corps Review|
|June 27||Mustered out under Colonel Selkirk, Lieutenant Colonel Cluney and Major Russell|