“Hiram Barney Rifles”

The 54th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 38 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 101 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
Organized at Hudson, N.Y. from German immigrants as the “Black Rifles” and originally uniformed in black and silver.
September 5 -October 16 Mustered in under Colonel Eugene E. Kozlay, Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Hoch and Major Victor Von Littron
October 29 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Provisional Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
December Attached to Steinwehr’s Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Army of the Potomac
1862
February 26 Captain Charles Ashby of Company K promoted to major
March Attached to Steinwehr’s 2nd Brigade, Blenker’s 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 18 Colonel Kozlay and Lieutenant Colonel Hoch discharged
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountains
April 5-18 Movement to Winchester, Va.
April 22 Major Von Littron died of disease
May – June Operations in the Shenandoah Valley attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
June 3 Major Ashby promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Stephen Kovacs of Company E to major
June 8
Battle of Cross Keys

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 men wounded

July 7 to August 8 At Sperryville
August 9 Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-

September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

The regiment lost 2 officers and 21 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 112 enlisted men wounded, and 22 men missing or captured during the campaign..

August 20-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 26-27 Sulphur Springs
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Lieutenants Adolph Beer and Emil Haberkorn were killed

September Duty in the Defenses of Washington. D.C. attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
October Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
November 1-19 Movement to Centreville
November 7 Waterloo Bridge
November 28-30 Reconnaissance to Snicker’s Ferry and Berryville
December 9-15 Movement to Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February – April At Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 18 enlisted men wounded, and 17 men missing.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
June 11 Lieutenant Charles Ashby discharged at Brook’s Station, Virginia
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Major Stephen Kovacs. He was captured on July 1, and Lieutenant Ernst Both took command. Lieutenant Thomas Hay was wounded. The 54th brought 216 men to the field.

From the monument:

July 1st Skirmishing on extreme right near Rock Creek. July 2nd at sunset, severe fighting in this position. Casualties: Killed 7, wounded 47, missing 48. Total loss 102.

August 1 Ordered to Dept. of the South attached to 1st Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South
August 9 -September 7 Siege of Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston
October Operations against Charleston and duty on Folly and Morris Islands, S.C.
1864
January 8 Bankson Morgan mustered in as lieutenant colonel
February 6-14 Expedition to Johnson’s Island and James Island
March 19 Eugene Kozlay re-mustered as colonel, Major Kovacs paroled and returned to regiment
April Attached to Folly Island, S. C., Northern District, Dept. of the South
July 4-6
John’s Island, South Carolina

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed and 17 wounded

October Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., Dept. of the South
October 24
At Santee River

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 3 wounded

1865
February Duty in District of South Carolina, Dept. of the South
February 10
James Island, South Carolina

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 7 wounded

February 27
Santee River

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 6 wounded

July Attached to 3rd Sub-District, Dept. of the South
August Attached to 1st Brigade, Dept. of the South
April 14 Mustered out under Colonel Kozlay, Lieutenant Colonel Morgan and
Major Kovacs