United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Infantry


“2nd Excelsior”

The 71st Regiment lost 5 officers and 83 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 73 enlisted men to disease. It is honored on the Excelsior Brigade monument at Gettysburg with its sister regiments in the brigade.

1861
June Organized under authority of the War Department at Camp Scott, Staten Island, N.Y., as 2nd Regiment, Sickles’ Brigade. Companies A and D were primarily recruited in Newark, New Jersey, Company E at Orange, New Jersey and Company G in Philadelphia, with the remainder of the regiment from New York.
July 23 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Sickles’ Brigade, Division of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C. under Colonel George B. Hall, Lieutenant Colonel Henry L. Potter and Major Peter McDermott
August 1 Major McDermott discharged to organize and eventually become colonel of the 170th New York Infantry
August 10 Captain John Toler of Company A promoted to major
September 15-October 2 Expedition to Lower Maryland
September 20 Captain Orville Howard died of disease in City Hospital, Washington
October Attached to Sickles’ Brigade, Hooker’s Division, Army of the Potomac
November 9 Expedition to Matthias Point
1862
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March 18 Expedition from Dumfries to Fredericksburg, Va., and capture of stores
April 4 Reconnaissance from Liverpool Point to Stafford Court House and action at Stafford Court House
April Ordered to the Peninsula, Va.
April 10-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May 30 Adjutant James Powell captured and paroled at Bottom’s Bridge, Virginia
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

Lieutenant Theodore Laurier and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Patrick Nolan and 8 enlisted men wounded, and 5 men captured

June 6 Lieutenant William White wounded at Fair Oaks
June 15 Lieutenant Joseph Palmer killed in a skirmish at Fair Oaks
June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain Thomas Rafferty and 29 enlisted men wounded, and 3 officers and 75 enlisted men captured in the weeks fighting

June 25 Battles of Oak Grove
June 29 Peach Orchard and Savage Station
June 30 White Oak Swamp and Glendale
July 1 & August 5 Malvern Hill
August At Harrison’s Landing
August 1 Captain Thomas Rafferty of Company H promoted to major
August 16-26 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 26-September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

Out of 250 men engaged, Lt. Colonel Henry Potter, Captain William Greene, Lieutenants Benjamin Franklin, James Powell and James Webb and 55 enlisted men were wounded, and 22 enlisted men were captured in addition to those listed below from August 27-30

August 27
Action at Bristoe Station or Kettle Run

Lieutenants John Lowentrout and Terrance Murphyand 19 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded

August 29
Battle of Groveton

The regiment lost 11 enlsited men killed or mortally wounded

August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September-November Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. at Fairfax Station
September 15 Major Toler discharged
November 10-12 Operations on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men wounded

1863
January Winter quarters at Falmouth
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 5-7 Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 28 Colonel Hall discharged for disability
May 1 Lt. Colonel Potter promoted to colonel and Major Rafferty to lieutenant colonel
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captains Walter Donaldson and William Ellwood and 12 enlisted men wounded, and 23 men captured

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commaned by Colonel Potter until he was wounded on July 2nd. Lieutenant Andrew Estes and 16 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Walter Donaldson, Lieutenants Edward Conway, Hiram Holmes, Andrew Leonard, John O’Connell and Charles Slavin and 55 enlisted men were wounded, and 13 enlisted men were missing.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
July 23
Wapping Heights

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 13 wounded

August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27
Payne’s Farm

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 7 wounded

December-May Duty near Brandy Station, Va.
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River. Attached to 4th Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 1 mortally wounded, Lieutenant Thomas Fogarty, 1 other officer, and 2 enlisted men wounded, Captain Thomas Leigh wounded, captured and escaped, and 1 enlisted man missing

May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House

Captain Patrick Nolan, Lieutenant John McBlair and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant William Shick and 8 enlisted men were wounded and 2 enlisted men missing

May 10 Po River
May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 19 Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road
May 23-26
North Anna River

The regiment lost 8 enlisted men wounded and 3 missing

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed, 1 officer mortally wounded and 2 men missing

June 16-18
First Assault on Petersburg

The regiment lost 7 enlisted men illed or mortally wounded, Captain James Chambers, 1 other officer and 11 enlisted men wounded and 3 men missing

June 18 Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 7 Veterans and Recruits transferred to 120th New York Infantry Regiment
July 30 Regiment mustered out at New York City under Lieutenant Colonel Rafferty, as Colonel Potter was detached due to wounds