“1st German Rifles”
The 8th New York Infantry Regiment lost 90 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 42 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.
|Organized at New York City|
|April 26||Mustered in under Colonel Louis Blenker, Lieutenant Colonel Julius Stahel and Major Andrew Lutz|
|May 26||Left State for Washington, D.C. and duty in the defenses there attached to Blenker’s Brigade, Miles’ Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia|
|July 7||Great Falls. Two men killed.|
|July 16-21||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
Battle of Bull Run
Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Blenker, the regiment lost 2 men killed, 2 wounded and 7 missing. It was in reserve and covered the retreat of the army, repulsing a a cavalry attack in the late afternoon.
|August 5||Major Lutz resigns|
|August 10-11||Colonel Blenker promoted to brigadier general of volunteers, Lieutenant Colonel Stahel promoted to colonel, Captain Francis Wutschel of Company K promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Carl B. Hedterich of Company I promoted to major|
|August||Duty in the Defenses of Washington at Rouch’s Mills and Hunter’s Chapel. Attached to Blenker’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac|
|October||Attached to Blenker’s Brigade, Hooker’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|Novembr 15||Colonel Stahel promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and Lieutenant Colonel Wutschel promoted to colonel|
|December 2||Major Hedterich promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|January||Attached to Stahl’s Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, Blenker’s Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|April||Operations in the Shenandoah Valley. Attached to 1st Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountains|
|June||Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia|
Battle of Cross Keys
The regiment lost 80 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 105 men wounded, and 2 officers and 31 men missing out of 550 men engaged.
|June-August||Duty at Sperryville and Centreville|
|August 16-September 2||Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
|August 21-23||Fords of the Rappahannock|
|August 23||Colonel Wutschel dismissed|
The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded.
2nd Bull Run
The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded.
|September||Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.; Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|October 31||Prince Felix Salm-Salm mustered in as colonel|
|November 28-30||Reconnaissance to Snicker’s Ferry and Berryville|
|December 10-16||March to Fredericksburg, Va.|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February-April||Duty at Brook’s Station|
|April 22||Three years service men consolidated to a company|
|April 23||Mustered out, expiration of term under Colonel Prince Felix Salm-Salm, Lt. Colonel Hedterich and Major Hedterich|
|May 5||Company of three years service men transferred to 68th Regiment New York Infantry|