United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkArtillery and Engineers

Battery G lost 1 officer and 11 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 16 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It was involved in every battle of the Second Corps of the Army of the Potomac and never lost a gun. It is honored by a monument in the Peach Orchard at Gettysburg.

Organized at Elmira, N.Y.
September 24 Mustered in under Captain John D. Frank, First Lieutenant Lieutenant Nelson Ames, and Second Lietenant Marshall H. Rundell
October 31 Left State for Washington, D.C. by rail. One section of Busteed’s Battery of the Chicago Light Artillery was permanently assigned, making a full six gun battery of ten-pound Parrott rifles.
November Duty at Camp Barry, Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac
March Attached to Richardson’s 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va
March 28-31 Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad
March 28 Bealeton Station
March 29 Warrenton Junction
March 29 Rappahannock Station
April 3 Moved to the Virginia Peninsula
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown

A section of Battery A, Second Battalion, New York Light Artillery was assigned to the battery, making an eight gun battery with 1 captain and 5 lieutenants.

May Attached to Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps
May 31-June 1 Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks
June Atached to Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 27 Fair Oaks
June 29 Savage Station
June 30 White Oak Swamp and Glendale
July 1
Malvern Hill

Three Confederate charges made it nearly to the muzzles of the battery, and repeated overloading runined the barrels. Four pieces acted as rearguard with the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry when the army pulled back to Harrison’s Landing.

July – August
At Harrison’s Landing

The battery’s worn-out Parrotts were replaced with light 12-pounders.

August 15-30 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 10 Assigned to 2nd Corps, 2nd Division
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The battery was commanded by Captain Frank and consisted of 123 men serving 6 Napoleons. It lost 1 man killed and 4 wounded. Two hundred and forty rounds of solid shot, 48 shell, and about 30 rounds of spherical case were expended.

September 22-October 29 Duty at Harper’s Ferry
October 1-2 Reconnaissance to Leesburg
October 1 Leesburg
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 29-
November 19
Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va. via Snickersville, Upperville, Salem and Warrenton, Va.
November 2 Snicker’s Gap. Attached to Artillery, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
November 17 Falmouth
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The battery lost two men crossing the river on the 12th, and fired all its ammunition on the 13th before being ordered to withdraw across the river.

January 13 Captain Frank left the battery on sick leave.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth
April 4 Captain Frank was discharged for health reasons. First Lieutenant Ames was promoted to captain and took over the battery.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5 Battle of Chancellorsville
May 18 Attached to 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
June Attached to 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
June 4 Left camp to march north in pursuit of Lee.
June 24 Crossed the Potomac at Edward’s Ferry via pontoon bridges
June 28 Marched west of Sugar Loaf Mountain, and camped near Frederick
June 29 Camped near Taneytown
July 1 Camped near Harney
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Nelson Ames. It brought 132 men to the field serving six 12-pounder Napoleons, and lost seven wounded.

From Captain Nelson’s report of the battle:

July 2d, we marched to a point near Gettysburg where we parked for a short time. The battery was soon ordered to report to Major General Sickles, who commanded the Third Army Corps, and as the enemy under General Long-street advanced to the attack, we were ordered by General Sickles to advance and take position on the angle of our line in the Peach Orchard and hold the position at all hazard, as that was the key to that portion of the line of battle. We were engaged in this position from 4 to 7 p. m., and were supported by General Graham’s troops of the Third Corps.

Our lines having been broken both on our right and left, and being short of ammunition, it was doubtful if we could save our guns, but after desperate fighting we were able to save them, and also brought off our wounded with us.

During the night of the 2d we refilled our ammunition chests and refitted the battery ready for action. July 3d we were in position with the Second Corps on the front line of battle, and took part in the terrible artillery duel, . also in repelling Pickett’s charge, and thus ending one of the most fearful battles of the war.

July 14 Falling Waters. In position but unengaged.
July 15-31 Continued the pursuit of Lee, crossing the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers at Harper’s Ferry, and passing through Ward’s Grove, Bloomfield, Ashby’s Gap, Petersburg, Macon Station, White Plains, Manitou Junction, and Elktown.
July 31 Arrived at Morrisville
August In camp at Morrisville on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan attached to Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe Station
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December-May At Stevensburg in winter camp. 32 men reenlisted as veteran volunteers
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 3 Broke camp and crossed Rapidan on pontoon bridges
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 10 Po River
May 12
“Bloody Angle,” Assault on the Salient

The battery advanced to the extreme front and engaged the enemy with nine captured enemy guns as well as the battery’s six, using infantrymen supplied by General Hancock as reinforcements.

May 21 Passed through Bowling Green and Milford Station
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 30 Hanover Court House
June 1- 12
Cold Harbor
June 12-13 Withdrew from the works and crossed the Chickahominy, arriving at the James
June 15 Crossed the James on pontoon bridges
June 16-18 Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14-18 Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains
September Attached to Artillery Reserve, attached to 2nd Army Corps
September 27 27 men of the battery were discharged at the end of their terms of service
October 15 Captain Ames was discharged at the end of his term of service. First Lieutenant S.A. McClellan was promoted to captain and command of the battery.
January Attached to Artillery Reserve, attached to 9th Army Corps
March 25 Fort Stedman
March 28- April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg
May Moved to Washington
May 23 Grand Review
June 6 The battery traveled by rail to Elmira, N.Y.
June 19 Mustered out under Captain McClellan