United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania

(39th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment)

The 10th Pennsylvania Reserves lost 7 officers and 153 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 47 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

June – July Organized at Camp Wilkins, near Pittsburg
July 18 Ordered to Harrisburg, Pa.
July 21 Mustered in under Colonel John S. McCalmont, Lieutenant Colonel James T. Kirk and Major Harison Allen
July 22 Moved to Baltimore, Md.
July 24 To Washington, D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
August 1 At Tennallytown, Md.
October 10 At Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.
December 6 Expedition to Gunnell’s Mills
December 20 Action at Dranesville
February 14 Major Allen resigned
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth
August 15 Captain James Knox of Company E promoted to major
April-June Duty at Fredericksburg. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 2 Adjutant Sion Smith promoted to major
May 9 Colonel McCalmont resigns
May 13 Lieutenant Colonel James T. Kirk promoted to colonel
May 14 Captain Adoniram Warner of Company G promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 9-12 Moved to White House and attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26
Battles of Mechanicsville

Capatin Warner was wounded

June 27
Gaines Mill

Lieutenants John Moore, Valentine Phipps and James Wray were wounded

June 30
Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

Captain Samuel Miller was mortally wounded, Adjutant Oswald Gaither was mortally wounded and captured and Captain Milo Adams was wounded

July 1 Malvern Hill
July At Harrison’s Landing
Jauly 14 Major Smith resigns
August 16-26 Movement to join Pope. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 28 Battles of Gainesville
August 29 Groveton
August 30
Second Battle Bull Run

Captain Jason Hinchman and Lieutenant Henry Fox were killed, Colonel Kirk, Captain Ira Ayer and Lieutenants N. B. McWilliams and Milton Phelos were wounded

September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

Lieuteant Henry Howe was wounded

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Lieutenant Colonel Warner was wounded, and Captain Jonathan Smith took command

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 18 Colonel Kirk resigns due to disbility from his wound from Bull Run
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Captain Daniel Mayes was killed, Captain Jonathan Smith and Lieutenant George Knee were mortally wounded, Captain John Gaither was wounded and Lieutenants Henry Howe and Edward Henderson were captured

January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Ordered to Washington, D.C. and duty there and at Alexandria. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington.
April 25 Lieutenant Colonel Warner G promoted to colonel and Major Knox to lieutenant colonel
May 1 Captain Ira Ayer of Company I promoted to major
June 25 Ordered to Join Army of the Potomac in the field attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Adoniram J. Warner, who was badly injured in a fall from his horse.

From the monument:

July 2nd occupied this line of stone fence and remained from 5 p.m. until the close of battle.

Present at Gettysburg: 29 officers, 392 men. Killed, 2 men, Wounded 3 men, Total 5.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 23 Colonel Warner transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps and Lt. Colonel Knox resigned
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
February 27 Major Ayer was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain C. Miller Over of Company C to major
April 15 Bristoe Station (Detachment)
May 4-31 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Lieutenant Colonel Ayer was wounded

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 28-31 On line of the Totopotomoy
May 31 Left the front to muster out
June 11 Mustered out under Lieutenant Colonel Ayer. Major Over was absent in arrest.