United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


The 90th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 98 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 126 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Antietam and three monuments at Gettysburg.

1861
October 1 Organized at Philadelphia
1862
March 31 Moved to Baltimore, Md. under Colonel Peter Lyle.
April 21 To Washington, D.C. and them to Aquia Creek Landing, Va., and duty there
May 9 Duty near Fredericksburg, Va. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock.
May 25-June 16 Expedition to Front Royal to intercept Jackson
June-August Duty at Manassas, Warrenton and Culpeper attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28 Thoroughfare Gap
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign; Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Colonel Peter Lyle commanded the 90th Pennsylvania at the Battle of Antietam until he took over brigade command. Lieutenant Colonel William Leech then took over the regiment.

Two members of the regiment were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions at Antietam. Lieutenant Hillary Beyer of Company H remained with the wounded when the rest of his company was forced to fall back, caring for them and carrying one to safety. Private William H. Paul of Company E picked up the flag when the color bearer and two members of the color guard were killed, and carried it through the rest of the battle.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Christian’s Brigade advanced from the Poffenberger Woods in support of Hartsuff’s left. The 90th Pennsylvania was detached to support Matthew’s Pennsylvania Battery in the field between D. R. Miller’s and the East Woods, but soon thereafter rejoined the Brigade, which moved through the East Woods and came into line on either side of the Smoketown Road, the 26th and 94th New York forming on the west edge of the East Woods, south of the Smoketown Road. The 88th Pennsylvania fought on the line of, and finally relieved, the 83rd New York, which was the left of Hartsuff’s Brigade, the 90th Pennsylvania relieving the right of Hartsuff and charging about 40 yards beyond it. The Brigade fought until its ammunition was nearly exhausted when it was relieved by the advance of the Twelfth Corps. This tablet marks the point reached by the 90th Pennsylvania.

September-October Duty near Sharpsburg, Md.
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth and Belle Plains
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek
April 29-30 Fitzhugh’s Crossing
May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Peter Lyle, who took command of the brigade during the battle, leaving Major Alfred J. Sellers in command of the regiment. Major Sellers received the Medal of Honor for his actions on July 1st.

From the “granite tree” monument:

Right of the First Corps. Here fought the 90th Penna. Infantry on the afternoon of July 1, 1863. Killed and mortally wounded 11, wounded 44, captured or missing 59, total 94, of 208 engaged.

From the “Eagle” monument:

This monument marks the position of the 90th Penna. Volunteers of Philadelphia, July 3rd, 1863, Col. Peter Lyle, commanding the 1st Brigade, Major A.J. Sellers, the regiment. July 1st from one to three O’Clock p.m., the regiment fought on the extreme right of the 1st Corps on Seminary (Oak) Ridge as indicated by its monument there. Eight companies being refused, facing the Mummasburg Road. It there engaged Page’s Va. Confederate Battery and O’Neal’s Ala. Brigade of Rode’s Division until its ammunition was exhausted. July 2nd it occupied Cemetery Hill and in the evening moved to left of 2nd Corps. Returning during the evening to this position.

July 1st From one to three o’clock p.m., the Regiment fought on the extreme right of the 1st Corps on Seminary (Oak) Ridge, as indicated by its monument there. Eight companies being refused, facing the Mummasburg Road, it there engaged Page’s Va. Confederate Battery and O’Neal’s Ala. Brigade of Rodes’ Division until its ammunition was exhausted; losing 11 killed and mortally wounded, 44 wounded, 39 captured and missing, total 94 out of 208 engaged. Three regiments of Iverson’s North Carolina Confederate Infantry were captured on our brigade front.

July 2nd It occupied Cemetery Hill, and in the evening moved to left of 2nd Corps, returning during the evening to this position.

From the “Boulder” monument on Cemetery Ridge:

Was heavily engaged July 1st 1863 on Oak Ridge and Mummasburg Road, where the granite tree monument stands. Upon retirement of the corps, it was formed in line of battle on Cemetery Hill, supporting a battery. In the evening of July 2nd, was ordered to this position and deployed as skirmishers, advancing beyond the Emmitsburg Road. The Confederate General Barksdale, who had fallen mortally wounded in the attack upon the 3rd Corps, was found upon the field and carried to the rear by men of this reg’t. After dark, the reg’t returned to Cemetery Hill. On the 3rd it moved to the east or rear of Cemetery Hill, in support of the 12th Corps engaged on Culp’s Hill; then to the support of batteries upon the brow of the hill, and soon after , at the time of assault upon the 2nd Corps, the reg’t changed position on the double quick and joined their line of battle at Ziegler’s Grove, as indicated by the Eagle monument there. ‘Non-sibi-sed-patraie'” (“Not for self, but for country”)

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
February-May Duty on Orange & Alexandria Railroad
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign, attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor

Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 13 White Oak Swamp
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg

Siege of Petersburg begins

July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Weldon Railroad
September 15 Reconnaissance to Dinwiddie C. H. attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
November 26 Consolidated with 11th Pennsylvania Infantry