United States Regiments & Batteries  * West Virginia

The Second West Virginia Cavalry Regiment lost 4 officers and 77 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 115 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

September – November Organized at Parkersburg, W. Va.
November Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va.
December 15 Ordered to Guyandotte, W. Va.
January 7-8 Cooperate with Garfield against Humphrey Marshall
February 8 Dry Fork, Cheat River
March Attached to Kanawha Division, Mountain Department, West Virginia
April 1st Battalion (Companies B, C, F, H & I) moved to Meadow Bluff2nd Battalion (Companies A, D, E, G & K) moved to Raleigh with General Cox, engaged in scouting and operating against bushwhackers in Raleigh, Fayette and Wyoming Counties until August, then rejoined Regiment.
May 10-18 Demonstration on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad
May 12 Lewisburg
May 15-17 Princeton
May 18 Retreat to Flat Top Mountain
May 20 Jackson River Depot
May 23 Lewisburg
May 30 Raid to Shaver River; Lewisburg
June 8 Middle Creek
June 9 Alderson’s Ferry
July 10 Wolf Creek
July 15 Lamb’s Mill
July 20 Blue Sulphur Springs
July 23 Alderson’s Ferry
July 28 Williamsport
July 29 At Meadow Bluff
August 14 Ordered to Kanawha Falls
August 28 Shady Springs (Detachment)
September 6-16 Campaign in Kanawha Valley. Attached to District of the Kanawha. Dept. of the Ohio
September 8 Barboursville
September 10 Fayetteville
September 11 Cotton Hill and Loop Creek
September 12 Hurricane Bridge
September 13 Charlestown
September – October At Point Pleasant
October 20 Moved to Charlestown
November 24-30 To Camp Piatt. Expedition from Summerville to Cold Knob Mountain
November 26 Lewis Mill on Sinking Creek


January Attached to 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
January 5-20 Peters Mountain Raid
February 5-8 Scout into Wyoming County
February 10-12 Expedition into Pocahontas County
March 12-16 Scout through Boone, Wyoming and Logan Counties
April 3-6 Expedition through Logan and Cabell Counties
April 5 Mud River
May 2 Lewisburg
May 6 West Union
May 12 Summerville
May 18-20 Fayetteville
June Attached to Scammon’s Division, W. Va.
June 18-19 Scout on Big and Little Coal Rivers
June 26 Loup Creek (Companies B & I)
July 4 Raleigh
July 13-25 Expedition from Fayetteville to Wytheville
July 14 Shady Springs
July 18-19

The small brigade consisting of the 34th Ohio Infantry and the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry attacked the West Virginia town of Wytheville, important for its lead mines and its location of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. The attack was very costly, with the mounted Union force taking fire from the houses as it advanced into town. Colonel John T. Tolland of the 34th Ohio was killed, and Colonel William H. Powell of the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry was badly wounded and captured. Lieutenant Colonel Freeman E. Franklin of the 34th Ohio took command of the brigade, which successfully eluded Confederate pursuit and made its way back to Union lines. Although a number of houses in the town were burned, little military damage was done.

While Colonel Powell was thought to be morally wounded, he survived. He was moved to Richmond’s Libby Prison, where for a time he lived on bread and water.

July 28 Fayetteville
August 5 Cold Springs Gap (Detachment)
September 11-13 Scouts from Camp Piatt
September 14 Smythe County
October 21-22 Scout to Boone Court House
November 3-13 Expedition from Charlestown to Lewisburg
November 6 Little Sewell Mountain
November 7 Capture of Lewisburg or Muddy Creek
November 8 Near Union
December 8-25 Scammon’s Demonstration from the Kanawha Valley. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of West Virginia.
December 11 Meadow Bluff
December 12 Lewisburg and Greenbrier River
March Colonel William H. Powell returned to the regiment from Libby Priso after being exchanged for Confederate Colonel Richard H. Lee in February,
March 16-18 Scout in Cabell and Wayne Counties
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia
May 5-19 Averill’s Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad
May 10 Princeton, Grassy Lick Cove, near Wytheville, Wytheville, Ingle and Cove Gap
May 13 Salt Pond and Pond Mountain Gap
May 26-July 1 Hunter’s Raid on Lynchburg, Va.
June Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia
June 8 Staunton
June 10 Newport
June 11 Lexington
June 13 Near Buchanan
June 16 New London and Otter Creek
June 17 Diamond Hill
June 17-18 Lynchburg
June 19 Liberty
June 20 Buford’s Gap
June 21 Catawba Mountains and near Salem
June 23 Cove Gap
July Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, W. Va.
July 17-18 Snicker’s Ferry
July 20 Carter’s Farm
July 22 Newtown
July 24 Kernstown, Winchester
July 25 Martinsburg
July 29 Hagerstown
July 30 McConnellsburg, Pa.
July 31 Hancock, Md.
August 7 Near Moorefield
August 26 Williamsport
August 31 Martinsburg
September 2-3 Bunker Hill
September 5 Near Bunker Hill and Near Stephenson’s Depot
September 10 Darkesville
September 13 Bunker Hill
September 14 Near Berryville
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
September 23-24 Mt. Jackson
September 24 Forest Hill or Timberville
September 25 Piedmont
September 26 Brown’s Gap
September 26-27 Weyer’s Cave
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October 23 Dry Run
November Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Middle Military Division
November 12 Nineveh
November 22 Rude’s Hill, Front Royal
December 19-28 Expedition to Gordonsville
December 22 Liberty Mills
December 23 Jack’s Shop, near Gordonsville
December 27 Near Ashby’s Gap
February 25-
March 25
Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
February 28 Mt. Crawford
March 2 Waynesboro
March 3 Charlottesville
March 10 Augusta Court House
March 12 Haydensville
March 15 Beaver Dam Station
March 26 White House
March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-31
Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Five Forks
April 2 Namozine Church and Scott’s Corners
April 4 Jettersville
April 6
Sailor’s Creek
April 7 Stony Point
April 8
Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29 Expedition to North Carolina
May March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 30 Mustered out