Confederate Armies & Departments in the Eastern Theater


< to January • February 1862to March >

The Army of the Potomac  under General Joseph E. Johnston continued to be concentrated in Northern Virginia around Manassas, with elements stationed as far forward as the Potomac River.
The Army of the Valley under Major General Thomas J. Jackson was reinforced by Brigadier General William Loring’s Army of the Northwest. It launched the Romney expedition and raids against the Baltmore & Ohio Railroad before winter weather forced them into winter quarters.
The Army of the Peninsula  under the command of Major General John Magruder defended the eastern approaches to Richmond.
The Department of Norfolk under the command of Major General Benjamin Huger was responsible for the defence of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
The Aquia District, commanded by Major General Theophilus H. Holmes, commanded troops along the Potomac near Aquia Landing, including the strategic city of Fredericksburg.