Confederate Regiments & BatteriesGeorgia


1861
Setember 11 The 27th Georgia Infantry Regiment was organized near Griffin at Camp Stevens for the duration of the war under the command of Colonel Levi B. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Septimus L. Brewer, and Major Charles Thornton Zachary.

Company A – “Georgia Drillers” – Marion and Schley counties – Captain Perry C. Carr
Company B – “Rutland Grays” – Bibb County – Captain John W. Stubbs
Company C – “Jackson Guards” –  Crawford County – Captain Charles J. Dennis
Company D –  Hall County – Captain Jasper N. Dorsey
Company E –  “Bethsaida Rifle Guards” – Campbell and Fayette counties – Captain Jesse M. Spratlin
Company F –  “Taylor Guards” Taylor County – Captain Jordan Wilcher
Company G – “County Line Guards” Pike and Spalding Counties – Captain William Dozier Redding
Company H – “Zachry Rangers”  Henry County – Captain William W. DeLamar
Company I –  “Appling Grays” Appling County – Captain Osgood A. Lee
Company K – Talbot County – Captain Hezekiah Bussey

The regiment was assigned to the Department of Georgia.

October 31 Moved to Virginia and assigned to the Manassas Garrison, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
November Lieutenant Colonel Brewer resigned.
November 26 Captain Jesse M. Spratlin of Company E died of disease at Richmond.
December 20 Lieutenant William H. Rentfro was elected captain of Company E.
December 24 Major Charles Zachary was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
1862
January 2 Lieutenant William Robertson of Company C died.
February Lieutenant Thomas Stanley of Company G resigned due to disability.
Lieutenant Andrew J. Fontaine of Company F died.
March-April Assigned to G. B. Anderson’s Special Brigade, Department of Northern Virginia. The regiment mustered 428 men.
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown

Assigned to G. B. Anderson’s Special Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia.

April 20 Lieutenant Adam Carson of Company A died.
May-June Assigned to Featherston’s Brigade, Rains’ Division, D.H. Hill’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg
June-September Assigned to Rains’ Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment brought 392 men to the field and lost over 150 casualties when it broke the center of the Federal line. Captain Osgood Lee of Company I was killed. Lieutenants Riched Cobb of Company D, L.Q.C. McCrary of Company F, John C. Beeks of Company G and Wilkins J. Rains of Company K were wounded.

June 5 Captain Perry Carr of Company A died of disease at Richmond. He was replaced as captain by Lieutenant William E. Dougherty.
June 13-15 Lieutenant William Sams of Company E died of disease at Richmond.
Lieutenant William Kennedy of Company D died.
Captain William DeLamar of Company H died. Lieutenant Robert A Harkey was elected captain of Company H.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 27
Gaines’ Mill (First Cold Harbor)

The regiment lost 9 men killed and 76 wounded. Lieutenant John Bunyan Right of Company F was killed.

July 1
Malvern Hill

Lieutenant Wade Harper of Company H was wounded.

July 19 Captain William Redding of Company G resigned due to disability. Lieutenant John Beeks was elected captain of Company G.
August 24 Captain John Stubbs of Company B was elected major, and Lieutenant John J. Allen was promoted to captain of Company B.
September-May Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade along with the 6th, 23rd and 28th Georgia and 13th Alabama), D.H. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 13 Captain Bussey was captured.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

Held Turner’s Gap all day against heavy Federal assaults.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Levi B. Smith until he was killed. Lieutenant Colonel Zachary took over the regiment until he was wounded. Captain William H. Rentfro of Company E then took command as senior captain. The regiment lost 15 men killed and 89 wounded (60% casualties) fighting in the Cornfield, the Bloody Lane. and near the Dunker Church. Captain John Beeks of Company G was mortally wounded.

After the battle Lieutenant Colonel Zachary was promoted to colonel and Major Stubbs was elected lieutenant colonel effective September 17, Captain Charles Dennis of Company C was elected major, and First Lieutenant Jmes Murray was elected captain of Company C.

From the War Department marker for Colquitt’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Colquitt’s Brigade formed line soon after sunrise, southwest of Mumma’s house, in support of Trimble and Ripley. It followed Ripley across the Smoketown Road and formed on his right.

After a severe engagement, involving heavy loss, it retired to the west end of the Bloody Lane and assisted in checking the advance of French’s Division of the Second Corps. Later in the day, portions of the Brigade acted with Evans’ Brigade in checking the Federal advance on the Boonsboro Pike.

From the War Department marker for Colquitt’s and Garland’s Brigades on the Antietam battlefield:

After the repulse of the Confederate line in the East Woods and Cornfield north of the Smoketown Road in the morning of the 17th, parts of the Brigades of Colquitt and Garland rallied in the Sunken Road at this point, their right connecting with Rodes, their left resting on the Hagerstown Pike. They cooperated with Rodes in repelling the advance of French’s Division, Second Corps, and, in cooperation with detachments of McLaws’ and Walker’s Division, crossed this road and attacked the right flank of French’s Division but were repulsed. In the afternoon, parts of the two Brigades were collected at Sharpsburg and moved out on the Boonsboro Pike in support of Evans’ Brigade in its resistance to the advance of a portion of the Fifth Army Corps.

November 8-10 Lieutenant Riched Cobb of Company D was captured and paroled. Captain Bussey was exchanged and returned to the regiment
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was on the extreme right of the Federal line and only lightly engaged.

1863
January 3 Major Charles Dennis resigned.
January 10 Lieutenant Colonel Stubbs resigned due to chronic chronic nephritis. Captain Jasper Dorsey of Company D was elected to lieutenant colonel.
February 10 Lieutenant Josiah Elder of Company E resigned.
April 1 Lieutenant Alfred Hall of Company I died.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment took part in Jackson’s flank attack, losing 31 casualties.

May 2 Adjutant James B. Gardner was elected major.
May-July Moved to Kingston, North Carolina and assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina. The 19th Georgia replaced the 13th Alabama to make an entirely Georgia brigade.
July 20 Captain William E. Dougherty of Company A resigned due to disability. He was replaced as captain of Company A by Lieutenant Robert Patton.
August-September
Charleston Harbor

Moved to Charleston, South Carolina and assigned to 1st Sub-Division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Company B assigned to 4th Sub-Division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

October-November Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Western Division, 7th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
December-January Assigned to 1st Sub-district, 7th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
1864
January Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, 7th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
February 12 Captain James Murray of Company C resigned.
February-May Assigned to District of Florida, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
February 20
Battle of Olustee

The regiment lost 7 men killed and 67 wounded. Lieutenant Wade Harper of Company H was wounded in the left knee.

April 1 Lieutenant Colonel Jasper Dorsey resigned Major James Gardner was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain Hezekiah Bussey of Company K was elected major
May 1 Lieutenant Calvin Calhoun was promoted to captain of Comapny K.
May Returned to virginia and assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
May 16
Drewry’s Bluff
May-October Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 10 Lieutenant Colonel James Gardner was mortally wounded.
June 15
Siege of Petersburg

Captain Robert Patton of Company A was captured. Lieutenant Robert C. Evans of Company H died.

June 24 Lieutenant Colonel James Gardner died of his wounds. Major Bussey was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain William Rentfro of Company E was promoted to major.
July 11 Lieutenant William Johnson was elected captain of Company C.
July 30
The Crater
September 29-30
Fort Harrison
October-December Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December-March Moved to North Carolina and assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina
1865
January 13-15
Second Battle of Fort Fisher
February-April
Carolinas Campaign
February 11 Captain Calvin Calhoun of Company I was captured near Fort Fisher.
March Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Hardee’s Corps
March 18-21
Battle of Bentonville

Major William Rentfro was mortally wounded. Lieutenant Riched Cobb of Company D was wounded in the arm.

April Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee
April 26
Durham Station

Surrendered with Johnston’s army under the command of Colonel Zachary.