Confederate Regiments & BatteriesGeorgia


The 44th Georgia Infantry Regiment mustered 1,115 men and suffered 350 men killed and 450 wounded in the course of the war.

1862
March 15 Organized at Camp Stephens near Griffin, Georgia under the command of Colonel Robert A. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel John B. Estes, and Major Richard O. Banks.

Company A – Weems’ Guards, Henry County, Captain William H. Peebles
Company B – Jasper Volunteers, Jasper County, Captain John Calhoun Key
Company C – Johnson Guards, Clarke County, Captain Samuel P. Lumpkin
Company D – Estes Guards, Clayton County, Captain Rabey Hanes
Company E – Freeman Volunteers, Spalding County, Captain Joseph Adams
Company F – Putnam Volunteers, Putnam County, Captain David L. Hitchcock
Company G – Huie Guards, Fayette County, Captain John Huie
Company H – The Pike County Volunteers, Pike County, Captain John C. Redding
Company I – Morgan and Henry Volunteers, Henry County & Morgan County, Captain Charles W. Alliston
Company K- The Greene County Volunteers, Greene County, Captain James W. Beck

March 17 The regiment was mustered into Confederate service
April 4 Moved to Goldsboro, North Carolina and assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
May 27 Ordered to Richmond.
June Arrived in Virginia and assigned to Ripley’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 15 Skirmish near Seven Pines. The regiment arrived from Goldsboro too late for the battle.
June 23 Captain Joseph W. Adams of Company E was elected major.Lieutenant James Connally replaced him as captain.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

Captain Lumpkin of Company C was wounded. Lieutenant John Reeves of Company C was killed.  Captain David Hitcock of Company F resigned.

June 26
Bever Dam Creek (Mechanicsville, Ellison’s Mill)

The 44th Georgia brought 524 men to the field and lost 335 casualties. Colonel Smith was mortally wounded leading the attack on Federal positions. Lieutenant Colonel Estes took over the regiment but was also wounded. Lieutenant Thomas Tatum of Company D was killed. Lieutenant Elija Manley of Company E was wounded in the hand and knee and disabled. Lieutenant Reuben Edwards of Company E resigned. Lieutenant Robert Matthews of Company G was wounded.

June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
June 28 Colonel Smith died of his wounds. Lieutenant Colonel Smith was promoted to colonel. Captain Lumpkin of Company C was elected lieutenant colonel. Lieutenant James Griffith was elected captain as his replacement.
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

Of the 142 men the regiment brought to the field, 65 became casualties. Captain Charles Alliston of Company I was killed. Captain JAmes W. Beck of Company K was wounded. Lieutenant Mathew Beckham of Company H was mortally wounded.

July 9 Captain John Redding of Company H was killed at Richmond. He was replaced by Lieutenant John Butler.
July 11 & 12 Lieutenant Charles Pearson of Company F was promoted to captain. Lieutenant john Harris of Company I was promoted to captain.
July 23 Major Banks resigned due to disability.
July 29 Lieutenant Henry Credille of Company A was elected captain. Captain James Griffith of Comany C resigned due to disability. Lieutenant William Haygood was elected captain to replace him.
August 2 Lieutenant Aris Newton of Company B resigned.
August 20 Lieutenant Stephen Johnston of Company B resigned due to disability.
September 5 Crossed the Potomac into Maryland.
September 14
South Mountain
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The 44th Georgia was commanded by Captain John Calhoun Key of Company B as senior office present. It was posted in between the Mumma Farm and the Dunkard Church, losing 17 men killed, 65 wounded and 4 missing. Charles Pearson of Company F was killed. Captain Credille of Company A and Captain William Haygood of Company C were wounded. Lieutenant Thomas Edmondson of Company G was wounded. Lieutenant James J. Cook of Company H was wounded.

September-June Assigned to Ripley’s-Doles’s-Cook’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s-Rodes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
November 18 Captain John Butler of Company H died in Pike County Georgia.
December 5 Captain Huie (aged 54) resigned due to reclining health. He was replaced by Lieutenant John Blalock.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was in reserve and lost 1 killed, three wounded and 1 missing.

1863
January 19 The brigade was reorganized, with the 12th and 21st Georgia replacing the 1st and 3rd North Carolina to form an all-Georgia brigade of four regiments. Lieutenant Thomas Edmondson of Company G resigned due to his wounds.
March 4 Major Joseph Adams died of smallpox in Richmond. Lieutenant Augustus McKenzie of Company A was promoted to captain.
April 29 Lieutenant Milton Butler was promoted to captain of Company H.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment suffered 121 casualties. Captain George Greene of Compan F was killed. Captain Credille of Company A was mortally wounded, losing his arm. Captain John Calhoun Key of Company B was wounded in the chest. Lieutenant Addison Burnside of Company D was killed. Lieutenant Samuel Wilkins of Company A was wounded and Lieutenant Miller Pope of Company B was wounded in the neck. Lieutenant George Klutts of Company C was mortally wounded.

May 26 Colonel Estes resigned due to disability from his wounds. Lieutenant Colonel Lumpkin was promoted to colonel, Major Peebles was promoted to lieutenant colonel, Captain James Beck of Company K was elected major and Lieutenant John Gentry of Company K was promoted to captain.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The 44th Georgia Infantry brought 364 men to Gettysburg and lost 18 men killed, 41 wounded and 16 missing. Colonel Samuel Lumpkin was wounded in the leg, which was amputated. Unable to be moved, he was captured when the army retreated.

Captain John Calhoun Key of Company B was wounded in the thigh. Captain William Haygood of Company C was wounded in the arm, which was amputated. Lieutenant McKenzie of Company A was captured. Lieutenant Samuel Wilkins of Company A was mortally wounded.

From the monument to Doles’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 1. About 1 P. M. the Brigade formed line in the fields east of Oak Hill and skirmished with Union 2nd Brigade First Cavalry Division and aided Gordon’s Brigade in dislodging the Union forces from Barlow Knoll and their line from thence to the Heidlersburg Road. Then joined Ramseur and others in their attack upon the rear of First Corps which after a long struggle was compelled to retire from Seminary Ridge. The Brigade took many prisoners from the First and Eleventh Corps which it pursued to the southern borders of the town.

July 2. Lay all day in the town on West Middle Street. After dark moved out to aid in a contemplated attack on Cemetery Hill.

July 3. In line with other brigades in the sunken road southwest of town.

July 4. On Seminary Ridge all day. At night began the march to Hagerstown.

July 10 The wounded Captain William Haygood of Company C was captured at Hagerstown.
September 11 Colonel Lumpkin died of his wounds and typhus in a Union hospital in Hagerstown. Lieutenant Colonel Peebles was promoted to colonel. Major Beck was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John C. Key of Company B was promoted to major. Lieutenant Sames Henderson of Company B was elected captain.
October
Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Captain John Gentry of Company K resigned. Lieutenant Thomas Eason was promoted to caotain as his replacement.
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
February 17 Captain Tomas Eason retired to the Invalid Corps.
March 4 Captain William H. Peebles of Company A was elected major.
March 30 Captain Blalock of Company G died of tuberculosis in Charlettesville, Virginia.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 26 men killed, 28 wounded and 182 captured in the fighting in Upton’s attack on the Mule Shoe on May 7.
On May 10 the regiment was overrun in the night attack. Colonel Peebles and over 200 men were captured. Captain James Henderson of Company B was wounded and permanently disabled, and would eventually die of his wounds. Captain James Conally of Company E was captured. Lieutenant Miller Pope of Compay B was captured and Lieutenant James Stewart of Company D was killed. Lieutenant Richard Daniel of Company D was wounded in the shoulder. Lieutenant Samuel A. Scott of Company E was wounded and captured. Lieutenant James Scarborough of Company E and Lieutenants Levi Smith and Jeremiah McMullen of Company H were captured.

Captain Rabey Hanes of Company D was killed on July 12.

May 13 Major Key retired to the Invaid Corps.
May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Lynchburg Campaign

Assigned to Cook’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia

July 9
Battle of Monocacy
August 3 Colonel Peebles was exchanged and returned to the regiment.
August 22 Captain Milton Butler of Company H died of consumption in Pike County, Georgia.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester

Colonel Peebles was wounded for the second time. He was furloughed and would not rejoin the regiment. Captain John Harris of Company H was killed. Lieutenant Richard Daniel of Company D was wounded.

Lieutenant Levi Smith of Company H was promoted to captain.

September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 6 Lieutenant Pope of Company B was exchanged and returned to the regiment.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
December Left the Shenandoah Valley and returned east to the Siege of Petersburg. Assigned to Cook’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.

Lieutenants Thomas Daniel of Comany D and James J. Cook of Company H were elected captain.

1865
February 24 Major Beck entered Stuart Hospital in Richmond for bronchitis and diarrhoea. He was furloughed and sent home for the rest of the war.
March 25
Fort Stedman

Captain Thomas R. Daniel of Company D was wounded and captured. Lieutenant Miller Pope of Compay B was wounded with a fractured skull. Captain James J. Cook was captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

Captain John Tucker of the 21st Georgia Infantry was temporarily transferred to command the regiment due to the lack of officers in the 44th Georgia. The 44th Georgia Infantry Regiment surrendered 4 officers and 73 enlisted men.