The 6th Louisiana Infantry Regiment enrolled 1,146 men during the Civil War. Of these, 219 were killed in battle, 104 died of disease, 5 were killed in accidents, 1 drownded and 1 man was executed for desertion. Over 20% of the regiment – 232 men – deserted during the war.
|May 23||Organized at Camp Moore near Tangipahoa under Colonel Isaac G. Seymour, Lieutenant Colonel Louis Lay, and Major Samuel James.|
|June 4||Mustered 916 men into Confederate Service, two companies for twelve months and eight companies for the duration. Lieutenant Colonel Lay resigned and Joseph Hanlon was elected lieutenant colonel.|
|June 9 -14||Companies A,D,F,H & I moved by train for Lynchburg, Virginia under Lieutenant Colonel Lay.|
|June 11-16||Companies B,C,E,G & K moved by train for Lynchburg under Colonel Seymour.|
|June 15 -18||Moved in two sections to Manassas, Virginia.|
|June||Went into camp at Fairfax Station and|
|June 20||Assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under Brigadier General Richard Ewell.|
|June 21||Moved to Fairfax Station.|
|July 17||Stationed at Union Mills.|
|July 18||The regiment’s pickets were driven in and it was withdrawn to the army’s main position behing Bull Run, burning the railroad bridge after it crossed. The regiment’s first fatality was Sergeant Francis Demaign, who was shot by friendly fire of a Mississippi regiment.|
The regiment was ordered to advance across Bull Run and then was to withdraw, taking no other part in the fighting.
|July 23||Moved to Sangster’s Crossroads|
|July 25||Assigned to the Eighth Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac. Colonel I.G. Seymour took command of the brigade as senior colonel.|
|July 28||Moved to Camp Bienville at Centreville.|
|September||The regiment was brigaded under Brigadier General William H.T. Walker with the 7th, 8th and 9th Louisiana Infantry Regiments and Wheat’s Battalion and was assigned to Ewell’s Division.|
|October||Captain Tenney of Company D was mortally wounded when his pistol discharged into his stomach as his company tried to settle a drunken revel by the men. In another incident, Private John Travers murdered Private James McCormack, and four men died of disease during the month.|
|October 21||General Walker was replaced as brigade commander by Harry T. Hays. He was the youngest of the four regimental colonels and the only one with no military experience but was the son of a President and brother in law to Jefferson Davis. Walker promptly resigned.|
|November 22||Major James resigned. Captain George W. Christie of Company G was promoted to major.|
|Mid-December||The brigade went into winter quarters at Camp Carondelet near Manassas.|
|March 8||The brigade was ordered to break camp to withdraw south of Manassas. The 6th Louisiana would be among the last of the army to leave and served as the rear guard.|
|May 9||In the reorganization Major Christie did not seek reelection. Captain Henry B. Strong of Company B was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Captain Arthur McArthur of Company C was promoted to major.|
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Attached to Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade of Ewell’s Division, which joined Jackson’s Army of the Valley in the Shenandoah.
The regiment was in reserve.
The regiment captured two sets of colors.
Lieutenant Colonel Hanlon was wounded and Major Arthur McArthur was killed. Nathaniel G. Offutt was promoted to major.
|June 1||Lieutenant Colonel Hanlon had to be left behind in Winchester due to his wound and was captured when the army retreated. Captain Monaghan was also captured.|
Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic
The regiment lost 66 men.
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
Colonel Seymour was killed. Lt. Colonel Strong was promoted to colonel and Major Offutt to lieutenant colone and Captain Monaghan of Company F (still a prisoner) to major.
|August 5||Major Monaghan was exchanged and returned to the regiment.|
Colonel Strong temporarily commanded the brigade after Colonel Forno was wounded
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)
Major Monaghan was wounded.
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Henry B. Strong, who was killed in fighting near the Cornfield. Lt. Colonel Offutt took over the regiment. The 6th Louisiana lost 52 men during the Maryland Campaign.
|September||Major Monaghan was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Joseph Hanlon to major.|
|November 7||Colonel Offutt resigned under charges of cowardice. Lieutenant Colonel Monaghan was promoted to colonel, Major Hanlon to lieutenant colonel, and Captain William H. Manning of Company K was promoted to major.|
The regiment lost 12 men.
The 6th Louisiana lost 81 men. Lt. Colonel Hanlon was captured.
Hay’s Brigade circled around the west side of Winchester and assaulted the Star Fort on the northwest side of town. The 6th, 7th and 9th were in the front line with the 5th and 8th in support as the brigade stormed the fort, capturing its artillery and driving off the defenders. The regiment lost 43 men. Major Manning and Lieutenant John Orr were wounded.
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Joseph Hanlon and brought 218 men to the field. It lost 8 men killed, 32 wounded and 21 captured. Captain Louis A. Cormier was mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Jefferson D. Van Benthuysen was wounded.
Battle of Rapahannock Station
The regiment was part of two brigades defending a bridgehead on the north bank of the Rappahannock River that was overrun in a rare night attack. Over 1,600 Confederate prisoners were taken from the eight understrength regiments defending the bridgehead, with only a few men swimming across the river at their backs. Of the 1200 men of Hays’ Louisiana Brigade, 699 were captured, 89 from the 6th Louisiana.
Mine Run Campaign
A soldier who had deserted from the 6th Louisiana and joined the United States Army was captured and executed for treason.
|March||500 of the 699 men from the brigade captured at Rappahannock Station were exchanged and returned to duty|
Major Manning was captured.
Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Assigned to Hays’ Brigade (Colonel William R. Peck commanding) of Brigadier General Zebulon York’s Consolidated Louisiana Brigade in Gordon’s Division of the Army of the Valley
|July 1||Colonel Monaghan left on sick leave to Richmond.|
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Joseph Hanlon, who was wounded but remained on the field. Five men were killed and two mortally wounded. Lieutenant Michael Murray of company F was killed, and Lieutenant Robert Lynn of Company E was wounded and captured.
|July 23||Camped near Strasburg. The 6th Louisiana mustered 50 men.|
The regiment lost 3 men killed or mortally wounded, and three others wounded.
|July 27||Tore up the tracks of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad near Martinsburg.|
|Early August||Colonel Monaghan returned to the regiment. He resumed command of the remnants of Hays’ Brigade as well, about 400 men in the remnants of five regiments.|
Battle of Smithfield Crossing
Colonel Monaghan was killed.
Lieutenant Colonel Hanlon was captured at Strasburg.
|October||The ten regiments of the Louisiana brigade were reorganized as a battalion of six companies with less than 500 men, although it would continue to be referred to as a brigade. Colonel Raine Peck (at 6’3″ and 300 pounds known as “Big Peck”) was given command of the brigade.|
|November||Consolidated with the 5th and 7th Louisiana|
|December||The regiment left the Army of the Valley and returned to the Petersburg defences with the remnants of the Second Corps|
|February 18||Colonel Peck was promoted to brigadier general and transferred to the Western Theater. Colonel Eugene Waggaman of the 10th Louisiana was given command of the brigade of 400 men|
Final Assault on Petersburg
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
The 6th Louisiana surrendered 4 officers and 48 men. The entire brigade only had 373 men.