The 23rd Virginia Infantry Regiment was formed in Richmond in July of 1861 and was surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865.
|July 1||Organized at Richmond, Virginia for one years service under the command of Colonel William B. Taliaferro. Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest.|
The regiment lost 2 men killed and 2 wounded
Battle of Corrick’s Ford
The regiment lost 13 men killed and 15 wounded wounded.
Battle of Cheat Mountain
|October 3||Greenbriar River|
|November||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Northwest|
|December 13||Camp Alleghany|
|April 21||Reorganized for the duration of the war.|
Battle of McDowell
|May||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Valley District|
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Simeon T. Walton, the regiment brought 251 men to the field. It lost 3 men killed, 15 wounded, and 18 missing or captured.
From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.
July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.
July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.
Mine Run Campaign
|November 27||Payne’s Farm|
|May||Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of North Anna
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Army of the Valley
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia