The 23rd Virginia Infantry Regiment was formed in Richmond in July of 1861 and was surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865.
Organized at Camp Lee, Richmond, Virginia for one year’s service under the command of Colonel William B. Taliaferro. Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest.
Company A – “Louisa rifles” – Louisa County
The regiment lost 2 men killed and 2 wounded
Battle of Corrick’s Ford
The regiment lost 13 men killed and 15 wounded wounded.
Battle of Cheat Mountain
|October 3||Greenbriar River|
|November||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Northwest|
|December 13||Camp Alleghany|
Captain Simeon Taylor of Company K was wounded. The regiment lost 49 casualties.
|April 21||Reorganized for the duration of the war. Captain Taylor was elected lieutenant colonel.|
Battle of McDowell
The regiment lost 6 men killed and 35 wounded.
|May||Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Valley District|
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Cedar Mountain
The regiment lost 5 men killed and 27 wounded.
The regiment lost 1 men killed and 13 wounded.
The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Simeon T. Walton until he was wounded. It brought about 120 men to field and lost 8 men killed and 21 wounded and 13 captured.
The regiment lost 10 men killed and 70 wounded and 2 captured.
Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Simeon T. Walton, the regiment brought 251 men to the field. It lost 3 men killed, 15 wounded, and 18 missing or captured.
From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.
July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.
July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.
Mine Run Campaign
Lieutenant Colonel Walton was killed.
|May||Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of North Anna
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Army of the Valley
Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
The regiment surrendered 8 officers and 49 enlisted men.
Field officers for the regiment were Colonels Alexander G. Taliaferro and William B. Taliaferro; Lieutenant Colonels Clayton G. Coleman, Jr., James H. Crenshaw, George W. Curtis, John P. Fitzgerald, and Simeon T. Walton; and Majors J.D. Camden, Joseph H. Pendleton, Andrew J. Richardson, and Andrew V. Scott.