Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia

The 23rd Virginia Infantry Regiment was formed in Richmond in July of 1861 and was surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865.

July 1

Organized at Camp Lee, Richmond, Virginia for one year’s service under the command of Colonel William B. Taliaferro. Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest.

Company A – “Louisa rifles” – Louisa County
Company B – “Jetersville Grays” – Amelia County
Company C – “Amelia Rifles” – Amelia County
Company D – “Louisa Grays” – Louisa County
Company E – “Brooklyn Grays” – Halifax County
Company F – “Goochland Grays” – Goochland County
Company G – “Frederick’s Hall Grays” – Louisa County
Company H – “Richmond Sharpshooters” – Richmond County
Company I – “Prince Edward Central Guards” – Prince Edward County
Company K – “Keysville Guards” – Charlotte County

July 7
Laurel Hill

The regiment lost 2 men killed and 2 wounded

July 13
Battle of Corrick’s Ford

The regiment lost 13 men killed and 15 wounded wounded.

September 12
Battle of Cheat Mountain
October 3 Greenbriar River
November Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Northwest
December 13 Camp Alleghany
March 23
Battle of Kernstown

Captain Simeon Taylor of Company K was wounded. The regiment lost 49 casualties.

April 21 Reorganized for the duration of the war. Captain Taylor was elected lieutenant colonel.
May 8
Battle of McDowell

The regiment lost 6 men killed and 35 wounded.

May Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Valley District
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
May 25
Battle of Winchester
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 5 men killed and 27 wounded.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment lost 1 men killed and 13 wounded.

September 12-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Simeon T. Walton until he was wounded. It brought about 120 men to field and lost 8 men killed and 21 wounded and 13 captured.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 10 men killed and 70 wounded and 2 captured.

June 14-15
Second Battle of Winchester
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Simeon T. Walton, the regiment brought 251 men to the field. It lost 3 men killed, 15 wounded, and 18 missing or captured.

From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.

July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.

July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.

Bristoe Campaign
October 26 Bealeton
Mine Run Campaign
November 27
Payne’s Farm

Lieutenant Colonel Walton was killed.

May Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Consolidated with the 10th Virginia and 37th Virginia due to heavy casualties in the fighting at the Mule Shoe on May 14. The regiment’s color bearer and colors were captured by Sgt. William Westerhold of the 52nd New York Infantry Regiment.

May 22-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

Lynchburg Campaign

Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Army of the Valley

July 9
Battle of Monocacy
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
September 28 Harrisonburg
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
Siege of Petersburg

Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Fort Stedman
April 2 Petersburg
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 8 officers and 49 enlisted men.

Field officers for the regiment were Colonels Alexander G. Taliaferro and William B. Taliaferro; Lieutenant Colonels Clayton G. Coleman, Jr., James H. Crenshaw, George W. Curtis, John P. Fitzgerald, and Simeon T. Walton; and Majors J.D. Camden, Joseph H. Pendleton, Andrew J. Richardson, and Andrew V. Scott.