United States Regiments & Batteries > Maryland

The 7th Maryland Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 1 officer and 78 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 109 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

August and September Organized at Baltimore, Md. under Colonel Edwin H. Webster and Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Phelps.
September 18 Moved to the Antietam and attached to Kenly’s Maryland Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
September 20-21 Defense of Williamsport, Md.
October-November Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown
November 6 Colonel Webster resigned to take his seat as member of the United States House of Representatives. Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Phelps took command of the regiment.
December 11-12 Moved to Maryland Heights
March, Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps
April 9 At Bolivar Heights
April 30 Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va. to repel invasion
May 1-26 Operations against Jones and Imboden
May 26 Return to Maryland Heights
June Attached to Maryland Brigade, French’s Division, 8th Army Corps
June 30 Retreat to Frederick, Md.
July 1 – 6 Guard bridges over Monocacy
July 7 Reoccupation of Maryland Heights
July 10 Joined 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac near Boonsborough, Md.
July 12-24 Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton. Va.
July 12-13 Funkstown
July 25-27 At Warrenton Junction
August 4 Near Rappahannock Station
September 16-18 Advance to the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Bristoe Station
October 19 Haymarket
October 24 to November 23 Guard Orange and Alexandria Railroad
November 26 – December 2 Mine Run Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps
December – May Near Culpeper
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
April 13 Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Phelps was promoted to colonel.
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8
Laurel Hill

The 7th Maryland made the furthest advance of the charge on Laurel Hill. The Maryland Brigade lost 189 men in the attack. It is honored there by the Maryland Brigade monument.

Colonel Phelps was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Laurel Hill, when he “Rode to the head of the assaulting column, then much broken by severe losses and faltering under the close fire of artillery, placed himself conspicuously in front of the troops, and gallantly rallied and led them to within a few feet of the enemy’s works, where he was severely wounded and captured.”

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Harris Farm (Fredericksburg Road)
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
June 16 – 18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16
Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Reserve, Weldon Railroad
September 9 Colonel Phelps, having been rescued from captivity by Union cavalry, was discharged due to his wounds from Laurel Hill.
September 29-October 2 Poplar Grove Church
October 2-5 Yellow House
October 7-8 Peeble’s Farm
October 8 Davis House
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 7-12 Warren’s Raid on Weldon R. R.
February 5-7
Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 28-
April 9
Appomattox Campaign
March 29 Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
March 30-31
Boydton and White Oak Roads
April 1
Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9 Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 1-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
May 31 Mustered out .