United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts > 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment


The 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment lost 5 officers and 101 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 180 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument in the National Cemetery in Winchester, Virginia.

1863
June 17 The 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment was created from troops already stationed in the Department of the Gulf. The 41st Massachusetts Infantry had acquired horses and was serving as mounted infantry. It was redesignated as the 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment. The Second Massachusetts Cavalry Battalion was assigned as Companies L and M. A third independent company was assigned as “Read’s Company” without a letter designation. The regiment was attached to the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Gulf, then Cavalry Brigade, Department of the Gulf
June 17-July 9

Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana.

July Defenses of New Orleans
August Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, District of Port Hudson, Louisiana, Department of the Gulf, and Duty at Port Hudson
August 3 Action at Jackson
October Assigned to Cavalry Division, Department of the Gulf.
November 30 Plain’s Store
1864
January 2 Ordered to New Orleans, Louisiana; 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Department of the Gulf. Assigned to scouting, outpost and patrol duty at Carrollton
February 29 March to Berwick and Brashear City
March 10-May 22

Red River Campaign

March 14-26 Advance from Franklin to Alexandria
March 29-30 Monett’s Ferry and Cloutiersville
March 31 Natchitoches
April 2 Crump’s Hill, Piney Woods
April 8 Bayou de Paul, Carroll’s Mills
April 8

Sabine Cross Roads

April 9 Pleasant Hill
April 19 Natchitoches
April 23 Monett’s Bluff, Cane River Crossing
May 1 Hudnot’s Plantation and Alexandria
May 4
Mansura
May 13-20 Retreat to Morganza
May 16 Mansura
May 17 Moreauville
May 18 Yellow Bayou
June 25 Dismounted and equipped as Infantry. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Department of the Gulf
July 3 Moved from Morganza to New Orleans, Louisiana.
July 15-28 Moved to Fortress Monroe, Virginia and then to Washington, D.C. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Corps, Army of Shenandoah, Middle Military Division. The regiment continued to operate as dismounted infantry.
July 29 Moved to Monocacy, Maryland.
August 4 to Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia.
August 7-
November 28

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

September 19

Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)

September 22

Fisher’s Hill

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

November 9 At Opequan Creek, near Winchester
December 25 Moved to Stephenson’s Landing, then to Remount Camp, Pleasant Valley, Md.
December 27 Company L mustered out
1865
January 31 Company M mustered out
February 15-24 Remounted and equipped as Cavalry; attached to Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of Shenandoah
March 8 Moved to Opequan Creek
March 16 Scout to Front Royal
April 1 Scout to Woodstock, then duty at Cedar Creek, Edinburg, Winchester and Berryville
April 20 Moved to Washington, D.C. and duty at Fall’s Church. Attached to Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps
May 20 Old members mustered out
May 23-24 Grand Review
May 25 Duty at Bladensburg and Cloud’s Mills
June 14-20 Moved to St. Louis, Missouri. Attached to Department of the Missouri.
June 21-25 To Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
July 21 The regiment consolidated to 6 Companies
July 27-August 16 March to Fort Kearney, Nebraska.
August 23-28 March to Cottonwood Springs, Colorado.
August 29-
September 1
Returned to Fort Kearney
September 8-18 Moved to Fort Leavenworth
September 28The The 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment was mustered out
September 29-
October 5
Moved to Boston, Mass.
October 8 The men were discharged