United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts

The 7th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 4 officers and 76 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 72 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

June 15 Organized at Taunton and mustered in under the command of Colonel Darius Couch, Major Franklin P. Harlow.
July 14-15 Ordered to Washington, D.C.
July Camp at Kalorama Heights. Assigned to the Department of Washington.
August 6 Attached to Couch’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac at Camp Brightwood, Defences of Washington, D.C.
September 3 Colonel Couch was promoted to brigadier general and Nelson H. Davis was promoted to colonel.
November 2 Colonel Davis was discharged.
November 20 Joseph H. Wheelock was promoted to colonel.
January 30 Colonel Wheelock resigned, citing that his health was “too feeble to endure the hardships of camp life in this latitude and at his season of the year.” Wheelock would die in Washington in May.
February 1 David A. Russell was promoted to colonel.
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 11-15 March to Prospect Hills, Va.
March 25 Embarked at Alexandria for the Peninsula
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg
May 19-21 Bottom’s Bridge
May 23 Reconnaissance toward Richmond
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines
June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond
June 25 Oak Grove, near Seven Pines
June 29 James River Road, near Fair Oaks
July 1
Malvern Hill
July 2 –
August 16
At Harrison’s Landing
August 5-6 Reconnoissance to Turkey Island
August 8-11 Reconnoissance to Haxall’s Station
August 16-
September 1
Movement to Alexandria
September Attached to the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 3-18 March into Maryland
September 16 Couch’s Division was drawn up across Pleasant Valley near Rohrersville, observing McLaws’ Command.
September 17 In the morning the division marched nearly to Harpers Ferry, then counter-marched and bivouacked that night on the Huffer Farm about a half mile south of Keedysville.
September 18
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was not engaged.

September 23-
October 20
At Downsville
October Assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps
October 20-
November 19
Movement to Stafford C. H.
November 27 Major Harlow was promoted to lieutenant colonel
December 5 To Belle Plains
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 27 Colonel Russell was promoted to brigadier general.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 23 Thomas D. Johns was (USMA 1848) was appointed colonel by the Governor.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Franklin’s Crossing
May 3
Maryes Heights (Second Fredericksburg)

The regiment successfully assaulted Marye’s Heights. Lieutenant Colonel Harlow was wounded, but remained on the field.

May 3-4
Salem Heights

Colonel Johns was wounded in the thigh and Lieutenant Colonel Harlow took command of the regiment.

May 4 Banks’ Ford
June 5-13 Deep Run Ravine
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The 6th Massachusetts was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Franklin P. Harlow. It brought 369 men to the field, losing six wounded. The regiment arrived on the field on the afternoon of the 2nd after a 35 mile march on a hot and humid day. Then were given a brief break to refill their canteens in Rock Creek, then were led, cheering, to the north side of Little Round Top where Longstreet’s attack threatened to break the Union line. The arrival of the regiment and its fellow 6th Corps units was a major factor in Longstreet’s decision to call off the attack on the 2nd.

July 5-23 Pursuit of Lee
July 24 –
September 15
At Warrenton, Va.
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to the Rappahannock
November 7
Rappahannock Station
November 26 –
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December Duty at Brandy Station
January Assigned to the 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26
North Anna River
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 12-14 March to James River
June 16-20 Moved to Taunton, Mass.
July Mustered out