United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts > 8th Massachusetts Battery

The 8th Massachusetts Light Artillery Battery lost 1 enlisted man killed and 10 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

May 26 The 8th Massachusetts Battery organized at North Cambridge for six months’ service under Captain Asa M. Cook
June 24 Mustered in and left Massachusetts for Washington, D. C.
June 25 A railroad accident killed 2 men and 13 horses.
June 27 Arrived Washington D.C.; Attached to Cook’s Brigade, Sturgis’ Reserve Corps, Military District of Washington
July 1 to August 8 Camp near Fairfax Seminary, Va.
August 8-11 Moved to Alexandria, then to Aquia Creek and Falmouth
August 11 Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac at Falmouth
August 16-September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 17 Moved to seven miles south of Culpeper
August 22-23 Part of the battery at Barnett’s Ford
August 29

Battle of Groveton

August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

September 1

Battle of Chantilly

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

The battery lost one man killed and 4 men wounded in a close range fight with a Confederate battery at Fox’s Gap. It was armed with four 12 pounder James Rifles and two 12 pounder howitzers.

September 17

Battle of Antietam

The battery was commanded by Captain Asa M. Cook and was equipped with four 12-pounder James Rifles and two 12-pounder howitzers.

From the War Department marker at Antietam for September 16:

“In the general advance of the Ninth Corps on Sharpsburg, the Division moved on either side of the road from the bridge to the town until the center reached this elevation, when, the left flank of the Corps having been turned, the Division was withdrawn to the banks of the Antietam, where it remained until the evening of the 18th, when it was relieved by Morell’s Division of the Fifth Army Corps.”

“A section of the 8th Massachusetts Battery, under Lieut. John N. Coffin, accompanied the Division in its advance and went into position in Otto’s orchard about 350 yards south of this point.” (Rodman Avenue)

From the Marker for September 17:

“Willcox’s Division was the last to cross the Antietam. Passing over the stone bridge at 2 P.M., it moved up the road to this point and deployed… A section of the 8th Battery, Massachusetts Artillery, went into position in Otto’s orchard. A severe engagement took place, resulting in the expulsion of the Confederate Artillery and Infantry from Cemetery Hill and the adjacent heights overlooking Sharpsburg, and the Division skirmishers entered the streets of the town… The left of the Corps line being turned by the attack of A.P. Hill, Willcox’s Division, with its support, was withdrawn to this point (Old Burnside Bridge Road east of the Otto farm house) where it remained until the 18th, when it was relieved by Morell’s Division, Fifth Army Corps.”

September 18 Camped near the mouth of Antietam Creek
October 5-9 Moved to Washington, D.C., to refit
October 21-26 To Pleasant Valley, Maryland. Surprised and captured a detachment of Confederate cavalry with recruits and horses at Hayattstown, Maryland.
October 26-
November 19
Movement to Falmouth, Virginia via Lovettsville, Waterford, Philomont, Rectortown, Orleans and Waterloo.
November 29 The 8th Massachusetts Battery mustered out at the end of its six months term of service and left for Massachusetts