The 74th New York Infantry Regiment served in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War from August of 1861 until August of 1864. It lost 8 officers and 122 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 67 enlisted men to disease.
|The regiment was organized under authority of the War Department at Camp Scott, Staten Island, N.Y., as 5th Regiment, Sickles’ Brigade. Companies A and B were recruited in part at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, Company D at Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, and Company F in Pennsylvania, while the balance of the regiment was recruited in New York City and Long Island. Many of the members had been in the 15th New York State Militia Regiment.|
|August 20||Left State for Washington, D.C. under Colonel Charles K. Graham, Lietenant Colonel Charles H. Burtis and Major William B. Olmstead|
|September||Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C, attached to Sickles’ Brigade, Division of the Potomac|
|September 15-October 2||Expedition to Lower Maryland|
|October||Assigned to Sickles’ Brigade, Hooker’s Division. Army of the Potomac|
|November 9||Expedition to Matthias Point|
|December 11||Designated 74th New York Infantry.|
|March 10||Advance on Manassas, Va. assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 18||Expedition from Dumfries to Fredericksburg, Va., and capture of stores|
|April 4||Reconnaissance from Liverpool Point to Stafford Court House and action at Stafford Court House|
|April||Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula|
|April 10||Colonel Graham was discharged.|
|April 10-May 4||
Siege of Yorktown
Private John Ford was mortally wounded.
|April 19||Lieutenant Colonel Burtis was promoted to colonel but was not mustered|
|April 27||Major Olmstead was discharged and became lieutenant colonel of the 2nd New York Infantry Regiment.|
|April 28||Captain George Quarterman of Company C was promoted to major|
Battle of Williamsburg
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Charles Burtis. It lost 49 men killed or mortally wounded, Major Quarterman, Lieutenant Lovell Purdy and 43 men wounded, and 1 officer and 47 men missing.
|May 26||Colonel Graham was re-mustered. Captain John Glass of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel but was not mustered.|
|May 31-June 1||
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks
The regiment lost 3 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 16 men wounded.
|June 23||Captain George Morey died of disease at division hospital near Bottom’s Briadge, Virginia|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven days before Richmond
Lieutenant Thomas Burns and 7 men were killed or mortally wounded, 32 enlisted men were wounded, and 15 men missing in the week’s fighting.
Battle of Oak Grove
Peach Orchard and Savage Station
White Oak Swamp and Glendale
Battle of Malvern Hill
|August 5||Malvern Hill|
|July||At Harrison’s Landing|
|August 16-26||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville|
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
Action at Bristoe Station or Kettle Run
Captain Edmund Harrison, Lieutenants Rudolph Anderson and Robert Andrews and 13 men were killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 17 men were wounded, and 15 men missing.
The regiment lost 8 men killed or mortally wounded.
Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
|September 18||Colonel Burtis was discharged. Captain William Lounsbury of Company D was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|November 10-12||Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad.|
|November 13-25||At Fairfax Station.|
|December 19||Lieutenant Colonel Glass discharged for disability.|
|February 5-7||Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church.|
|March 15||Colonel Graham mustered out for promotion to brigadier general.|
|April 10||Major Quarterman was discharged for disability due to wounds.|
|April 11||Captain Henry Alles of Company B promoted to major|
|April 27-May 6||
The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Lounsbury, Major Alles, 1 other officer and 17 men were wounded, and 15 men missing.
Four members of the regiment earned the Medal of Honor. Sergeant Major Eugene Phillip Jacobson and Privates Felix Brannigan, Joseph Gion and Gotlieb Luty of Company A volunteered to advance on Confederate lines and bring back valuable information.
|May 16||Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Holt of the 70th New York Infantry transferred in as colonel|
|June 11-July 24||
Battle of Gettysburg
The 74th New York Infantry Regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Holt. Captain William Chester and 17 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Charles Summers, Lieutenants William Bullard, Frederick Garnett, 2 other officers and 63 enlisted men were wounded, and 3 men missing in fighting north of the Peach Orchard. It is honored on the Excelsior Brigade monument at Gettysburg with its sister regiments in the brigade.
From the monument:
On the afternoon of the 2nd of July 1863, the brigade of which this regiment formed a part, supported Car’s Brigade in resisting the assault of the enemy along the line of Emmittsburg Road. On July 3rd, supported the left centre of the army.
Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
Lieutenants Charles Preston and James Short and 2 enlisted men were killed and 7 men wounded.
|August-October||Duty on the Rappahannock|
|August 9||Lieutenant Colonel Lounsbury mustered out.|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
Mine Run Campaign
The regiment lost 2 men killed or mortally wounded and 8 men wounded.
|November 30||Colonel Thomas Holt returned to 70th New York Infantry as lieutenant colonel.|
|December-May||Duty near Brandy Station|
Demonstration on the Rapidan
|March||Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps|
|April 20||Captain Lovell Purdy of Company H promoted to major|
|May 3-June 15||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River. Assigned to 4th Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps.|
The 74th New York Infantry Regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 14 men wounded.
Lieutenant Charles Dussuet and 3 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Ira Terry and 10 enlisted men wounded, and 1 man missing.
North Anna River
The regiment lost 1 officer and 6 men wounded and 5 men missing.
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
Lieutenant James Hill was wounded at Cold Harbor
Captain Alexander McCune mortally wounded
The regiment lost 2 men killed and Major Purdy and 7 men wounded.
|June 19||Company D mustered out before Petersburg|
|June 21||Company A mustered out|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad|
|June 26||Company B mustered out|
|June 28||Company G mustered out|
|July||Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps|
|July 6||Company C mustered out|
|July 27-29||Demonstration north of the James|
|August 3||Companies E, F, H, I and K of the 74th New York Infantry Regiment mustered out under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William H. Lounsberry and Major Purdy. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 40th Regiment New York Infantry as Companies G and H.|