United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Infantry

“Hawkins’ Zouaves”

The 9th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 69 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 23 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Antietam.

Organized at New York City from the nucleus of the old Company of New York Zouaves
April 23 Mustered into State service under Colonel Rush Hawkins and Lieutenant Colonel George F. Betts
May 4 Mustered into United States service at Castle Garden. Edgar A. Kimball was mustered in as major
May 15 At Riker’s Island, N.Y.
June 6 Left State for Newport News, Va. and duty there; Attached to Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia
June 10 Forced march to Big Bethel
June 29 Baker Lee’s, Va. (Co. A)
July 5
James River, near Newport News 

Company F lost 5 men captured

July 8 Near Bethel (Co. A)
August 26-29 Expedition to Hatteras Inlet (Cos. C, G and H)
August 28-29 Bombardment and capture of Forts Hatteras and Clark (Cos. C, G and H)
September 10 Companies A, D, E, F and I moved to Fort Clark and duty there; Cos. B and K at Newport News
October 5 Companies B&K join Regiment at Fort Clark.
October 5-6 Relief of 20th Indiana at Chickamicomoco
January Attached to Parke’s 3rd Brigade, Burnside’s North Carolina Expeditionary Corps
February 5-8 Burnside’s Expedition to Roanoke Island
February 8
Battle of Roanoke Island

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men mortally wounded, Lieutenants George Debvoise and Preston Webster and 13 enlisted men were wounded

February 10-11 Reconnaissance to Nag’s Head (Cos. A and H)
February 14 Lt. Colonel Betts resigned and Major Kimball was promoted to lieutenant colonel
February 18-20 Expedition up Chowan River to Winton
April Attached to Hawkins’ 4th Brigade, Roanoke Island, N. C., Dept. of North Carolina
April 7-8 Expedition to Elizabeth City, N. C. (Cos. H and I)
April 12 Lt. Colonel Kimball killed
April 19
Battle of Camden, South Mills

Adjutant Charles Gadsden and 10 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Hawkins, Major Jardine, Captains Andrew Graham and W.W. Hamill, 3 other officers and 51 enlisted men were wounded, and 6 men were captured.

April – July Duty at Roanoke Island
May 7-9 Expedition up Chowan River (Co. C)
May 14 Captain Edward Jardine of Company G promoted to major
July 10-24 Moved to Norfolk, then to Newport News, Va.; Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June Co. F detached at Plymouth, N. C.
July 9 Co. F – Capture of Hamilton
August 3-5 Moved to Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg and duty there
August 10 Lieutenant William Ennis died of disease
August 15-16 Expedition to Port Royal (Co. H)
August 15 Rappahannock River (Co. H)
August 31-September 5 Moved to Brooks’ Station, then to Washington, D. C,
September 2 Company F at Plymouth. They would remain at Plymouth until November, missing the Battle of Antietam.
September 13 Near Jefferson
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded at Antietam by Lieutenant Colonel Edgar A. Kimball while Colonel Hawkins was absent on leave.

From the monument:

Toujours Pret (Always ready)

Erected by the State of New York to the memory of the 9th New York Infantry – Hawkins’ Zouaves – who fought on this Field, Sept. 17, 1862.

Members present for duty in action 373, killed 54, wounded 158, missing 28, total loss 240. Two Companies were detailed and engaged elsewhere and did not participate in the advance.

The greatest mortality occurred near this position, where the regiment contended with a superior force of infantry and artillery.

About 2 P.M. having forded the Antietam Creek, the regiment meeting with desperate resistance, advanced to this position and held it until ordered elsewhere.

Among the casualties were Lieutenant Edward Cooper, killed, and Lieutenant Matthew Graham, wounded.

From the War Department marker for Fairchild’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

On the morning of the 17th, Fairchild’s Brigade moved from its position southeast of the Burnside Bridge, down the left bank of the Antietam, which it crossed at Snavely’s Ford about 1 P.M., and forced the right of Toombs’ Brigade from its position on the high ground above the ford and, moving up the right bank of the creek, formed line on the left of Willcox’s Division a short distance northwest of the bridge. About 3 P.M. the Brigade, under a heavy fire of Artillery from Cemetery Hill and the adjacent heights, advanced from the ridge 450 yards east of this, reached the open fields west and gained the high ground about 400 yards northwest of this point, forcing the Brigades of Kemper and Drayton through the streets of Sharpsburg. Its position being endangered by the advance of A.P. Hill on its left and rear, it was withdrawn by the ravines to the Sharpsburg Road and thence to the bank of the Antietam near the Burnside Bridge.

September -October Duty in Pleasant Valley
October 28-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
October 30-November 12 Co. F – Expedition to Tarboro
October 31 Co. G at Burnside’s Headquarters
November 2 Co. F – Rawle’s Mills; Rejoined Regiment at Fredericksburg
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Private John McCosker was killed, 8 enlisted men were wounded and 6 were missing

January Company G returns to regiment
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Moved to Newport News, Va.
March 10 to Suffolk
April 12-May 4 Siege of Suffolk
April 12 Lieutenant Colonel Kimball was killed at Suffolk by Brigadier General Michael Corcoran. Corcoran was inspecting his lines at 3 in the morning during a threatened Confederate attack when he was accosted by Kimball, who demanded the countersign. The two got into a violent confrontation which ended when Kimball advanced on Corcoran with his sword and “an impolite statement” and Corcoran shot him in the neck. A court of inquiry found that Kimball had not been on duty or at a picket post, had used abusive language and threatened the general, and may have been drunk. It was ruled that Corcoran acted in self defense.
May 3-5 Moved to New York
May 6 Three years’ men assigned to 3rd New York Infantry
May 20 Regiment mustered out, expiration of term, under Colonel Hawkins and Major Jardine.