United States Regiments & Batteries > New York

The 22nd New York Cavalry Regiment lost 3 officers and 20 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 183 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. 87 enlisted men died while Confederate prisoners.

December-February Organized at Rochester, New York under the command of Colonel Samuel J. Crooks. Earlier in the war Colonel Crooks had been forced to resign as Colonel of the 8th New York Cavalry Regiment and despite considerable oppostion had been given a second chance to redeem himself by recruiting the 22nd.Most of the men came from the Rochester area. A number came from the 23rd New York Infantry Regiment, a two years service regiment that mustered out in May of 1863. Recruits fought in the streets with Rochester police, and there was a murder in camp during a boxing match.
December 20 Company A mustered in
January 5 Companies B and C mustered in
January 10 Companies D, E and F mustered in
February 2 Companies G, H and I mustered in
February 6 Company L mustered in
February 12 Company K mustered in
February 23 Company M mustered in
March 4 Left State for Washington, D.C. attached to 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April Duty at Alexandria, Virginia. Attached to 4th Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.

Rapidan (Overland) Campaign.

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Battle of Spottsylvania Court House (Battalion)

Colonel crooks was placed under arrest by General Meade.

May 9 Escort ambulance trains to Fredericksburg, and picket duty there
May 28 Moved to White House Landing, thence to Cold Harbor
June 1-12

Battle of Cold Harbor

June 12 Long Bridge
June 13 Riddle’s Shop and White Oak Swamp
June 15 Malvern Hill
June 22-30

Wilson-Kautz Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad

June 22

Ream’s Station

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road (Detachment)

June 22

Dinwiddie Court House

June 23

Black and White Station, Nottaway Court House, and Stony Creek Station

June 25

Staunton River Bridge (or Roanoke Station)

June 28

Sappony Church (or Stony Creek)

June 29-30

Ream’s Station

Colonel Crooks and many of the men were captured. Major Caleb Moore took command of the regiment.


Before Petersburg

August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Army of the Shenandoah. Middle Military Division
August 17 Winchester
August 21-22 Near Charlestown
August 25 Kearneysville
September 7 Near Brucetown and near Winchester
September 13 Locke’s Ford
September 19

Battle of Winchester

September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Front Royal Pike
September 22

Fisher’s Hill, Luray Valley and Milford

September 29 and October 2 Waynesboro
October 8-9

Tom’s Brook (“Woodstock Races”)

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

November 10 Near Kernstown
November 12 Newtown and Cedar Creek
November 22 Rude’s Hill, near Mt Jackson
November 30 Moorefield Pike
December 19-22 Expedition to Lacy’s Springs
December 21 Lacy’s Springs
February 4-6 Expedition from Winchester to Moorefield, W. Va.
March 2 Sheridan’s Raid, Waynesboro and Occupation of Staunton
March 3

Battle of Waynesboro

Captain Christopher C. Bruton, Corporal Henry Harvey and Private George Ladd were awarded the Medal of Honor “for extraordinary heroism” for his capture of Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s headquarters flag for the Army of the Shenandoah.

March 3-8 Detached from Division to guard prisoners from Waynesboro to Winchester
March 5 Harrisonburg
March 7 Mr. Jackson and Rude’s Hill
March Duty at and in the vicinity of Winchester attached to Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah
March 17-19 Scout from Winchester to Edenburg (Detachment)
April 26-May 5 Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
August 1 A detachment mustered out at Hart’s island in New York harbor
August 1 Mustered out and honorably discharged at Winchester, Virginia under the command of Colonel Horatio Blake Reed.