United States Regiments & Batteries > Delaware


The 1st Delaware Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 12 officers and 146 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 118 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by monuments at Antietam and Gettysburg as well as on the state monument at Gettysburg

1861
September 10 –
October 19
Organized at Wilmington, under Colonel John W. Andrews
October 20-21 Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va.; Attached to Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia;
Duty at Camp Hamilton, Va.
November 23 Colonel Andrews forwarded this communication from his company commanders to higher headquarters:

HEADQUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT DELAWARE VOLS.,
(Camp hamilton, November 23, 1861.
We, the undersigned, officers commanding companies in the First Delaware Regiment, respectfully represent that the muskets in our possession are so defective that frequently one-third of the guard are unable to fire at the target, and on picket the sentries are obliged to take the arms of those relieved, thus leaving a portion of the guard defenseless. We believe that such arms impair the confidence of the men, and that their use is detrimental to the public service

[Signed by all the company commanders.]

Approved:
MAX WEBER,
Colonel, Commanding Camp Hamilton.

Approved: They are old flint locks, altered; very inferior.
JOHN W. ANDREWS,
Colonel First Regiment Delaware Volunteers.

From Official Records Vol. 4 pages 631-632

1862
March 8-9 Engagement between U.S.S. Monitor and C.S.S. Virginia in Hampton Roads, Va.
May Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of Virginia
May 9-10 Expedition to Norfolk, Occupation of Norfolk; Duty at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Suffolk
July Attached to Weber’s Brigade, Division at Suffolk, Va., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia
September 8 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac;
Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Antietam, Md.
September 8-16
Battle of Antietam

The 1st Delaware was commanded by Colonel John W. Andrews and Lieutenant Colonel Olver Hopkinson, both of whom were wounded in the fighting at the Sunken Road. The 1st had 708 men engaged, of whom 29 were killed and 182 wounded. Eight of ten company commanders and the entire color guard were also killed or wounded.

Second Lieutenant Charles B. Tanner was awarded the Medal of Honor for rescuing the regimental colors, which had fallen within twenty yards of Confederate lines at the Sunken Road, in spite of being wounded three times during the attempt.

From the brigade marker at Antietam:

Weber’s Brigade, forming the advance of French’s Division, encountered the enemy near Roulette’s house at about 9:15 A.M., pushed them back to the Bloody Lane and gained a position on the high ground about 60 yards north of this point. Here the Brigade became engaged in an obstinate contest with the enemy which was maintained until, having lost one third of its numbers in killed or wounded, it was relieved by Morris’ Brigade and withdrawn to the vicinity of Roulette’s house where it remained until the close of the day.

September 16-17 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. Colonel Andrews took command of the brigade, while Major Smyth took over command of the regiment.
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 30 –
November 17
Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Colonel Andrews wounded by a shell while commanding the brigade. Major Thomas Smyth commanded the regiment, which lost 10 killed, 74 wounded, and 9 missing.

December 14 Lieutenant Colonel Hopkinson resigned on a surgeon’s certificate due to his Antietam wound.
1863
January 20-24 Mud March
February 7 Colonel Andrews resigned due to disability. Major Smyth was promoted to colonel
May Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 1-6
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

While Colonel Smyth was in command of the brigade, Lt. Col. Edward P. Harris commanded the regiment. He was put under arrest on July 2nd for withdrawing from the Bliss farm buildings without authorization. Capt. Thomas Hizard then took command until he was wounded on July 2nd. Lt. William Smith took command until he was killed on July 3. Lt. John Dent then took over until Col. Harris was restored to command on July 4.The regiment brought 288 men to Gettysburg, of whom 10 were killed, 54 wounded and 13 missing. Lieutenant James P. Postles, Corporal Bernard McCarren and Private John B. Mayberry were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions at Gettysburg, Postles for a wild 600 yard ride carrying orders under intense fire and McCarren and Mayberry for capturing the flag of the 7th North Carolina (or according to some sources, the 13th Alabama.).

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
July 13-14 Williamsport, Md.; then duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
October 9 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
October 15 Blackburn’s Ford
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26 Mine Run Campaign
December 2 At and near Stevensburg, Va.
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 10 Po River
May 12 Assault on the Salient “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16 Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon R. R.
July 1 Veterans and recruits transferred from mustered-out 2nd Delaware Infantry
July 27-29 Demonstration North of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 13-20 Demonstration North of the James
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
August 25 Ream’s Station
October 1-5 Yellow House
October 1 Colonel Smyth promoted to brigadier general.
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 23 Daniel Wodall promoted to colonel
1865
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 25 Watkins’ House
March 28 –
April 9
Appomattox Campaign
March 29-31 Boydton Road and White Oak Ridge
March 31 Crow’s House
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge, Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army

April 10 At Burkesville
May 2-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand review
July 12 Mustered out