United States Regiments & Batteries > Maryland


The 1st Maryland Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry lost 2 officers and 45 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 120 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

1861
August 10 – November 27 Organized at Frederick, Md. as Captain Henry Cole’s (Company A), Captain William Furey’s (Company B), Captain John Horner’s (Company C) and Captain Pierce Currie’s (Company D) Independent Cavalry Companies. Attached to Dept. of West Virginia
October 26 South Branch Bridge, Va. (Company B)
November 13 First Lieutenant John M. Annan was accidentaly shot and mortally wounded, dying that night.
1862
January Cos. A, C and D attached to Lander’s Division, Army of the Potomac
January 5-6 Hancock, Md., (Companies A, C & D)
February 14 Bloomery Gap
March Co. B attached to Dept. West Virginia
March 2-12 Advance on Winchester
March 3 Martinsburg
March 5 Bunker Hill (Company A)
March 7 Between Bunker Hill and Winchester
March 7-8 Stephenson’s Depot
March 12 Winchester
March 22 Kernstown
March 23 Winchester
April Attached to Hatch’s Cavalry Brigade, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
April I Edenburg
April 23 Grass Lick, W. Va. (Company B)
May Attached to Dept. of the Shenandoah
May 7 Wardensville, W. Va. (Company B)
May 28 Charlestown
June Attched to Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
June 10 Captain John Horner (Company C) and Second Lieutenant Washington Morrison resigned. Second Lieutenant Albert E. Hunter was promoted to captain in the place of Horner and Third Sergeant Hiram S. McNair was promoted to Second Lieutenant in place of Morrison.
August 1 Companies consolidated to a Battalion and designated Cole’s Battalion, Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry. Attached to Railroad Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department,
September 2
Leesburg, Va.

Private George Cease was killed. Captain Hunter of Company B, First Sergeant Oscar McMillan and Sergeant Samuel J. Maxwell taken prisoner and Cororal James A. Scott wounded.

September 4 Edwards’ Ferry, Md. and Monocacy Creek; Reconnaissance to Lovettsville
September 12-14 Maryland Heights and siege of Harper’s Ferry

Corporals James Scott and Samuel Bostick were taken prisoner in the surrender of Harpers Ferry after being left behind wounded when the regiment broke out.

September 14 The battalion took part in the daring nighttime escape from Harpers Ferry, cutting through Confederate lines at the base of Maryland Heights and eventually reaching safety in Pennsylvania
September 15 Capture of Longstreet’s train at Sharpsburg
September Attached to Cavalry, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
October 12 Hyattstown, Md.
November Attached to Defenses of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
November 14 Charleston
December 1 Berryville
December 2 Charlestown
December 5 Winchester
December 20 Halltown
1863
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps
May 16 Near Charlestown
June 13 Berryville
June 14 Martinsburg
June 15 Winchester (Company B) and Williamsport
June 17 Catoctin Creek
June 21 Frederick, Md.
July Sharpsburg
July 1 Fountain Dale, Pa.
July 1-3
Gettysburg

Privates Zaccheus Hollebaugh and Henry Hughes were mortally wounded, dying in the field hospital

July 4 Near Emmittsburg
July 6 Falling Waters and Harper’s Ferry
July Attached to 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights Division, West Virginia
August 23 Smithfield
August 25 Scout Into Loudoun County
September 12-16 Scout Into Loudoun County
September 14 Catoctin Mountain
September 14 Snickersville, Leesburg, Rector’s Cross Roads and Bloomfield
September 21-26 Scout Into Loudoun County
September 25 Loudoun Valley, Va.
October 7 Loudoun Valley and Summit Point; Charleston (Company B)
October 18
Berryville

Private Edwin Jordan was killed and Corporal William A. Mcilhenny wounded

October 22 Near Annandale
November 15-18 Expedition from Charleston to New Market
November 16 Mr. Jackson
November Ashby’s Gap
December Attached to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division West Virginia
December 10 Upperville
December 17 Edenburg
December 18 New Market
December 21 Harrisonburg and Staunton
1864
January 1
Five points, Rectortown

Sergeants John E. Gilson and George W. Shiver taken prisoner

January 10 Loudoun Heights
January 14 First Sergeant Oliver A. Horner promoted to Second Lieutenant.
February 4 Romney, Moorfield and Mechanicsville Gap
February 9 –
April 23
Authority given to increase Battalion to a Regiment, and Companies E – M organized at Baltimore and Frederick
February 13 The Regiment reenlisted. Veterans went on furlough
February 20 Upperville
April Veterans returned from furlough. The Regiment was assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, West Virginia
April 20 Second Lieutenant Oliver Horner promoted to Adjutant.
April 30-May 16 Sigel’s Expedition from Martinsburg, W. Va., to New Market
May 13-15 New Market
May 26-July 1 Hunter’s Expedition to Lynchburg
June 3 Harrisonburg
June 5 Piedmont
June 6 Occupation of Staunton
June 12 Tye River
June 13 Lexington
June 14 Buckhannon
June 17-18 Lynchburg
June 21 Catawba Mountains and near Salem
July 3 Leetown and Shepardstown (Detachment)
July 5 Keedysville
July 11-12 Frederick, Md.
July Maryland Heights, Brownsville, Crampton’s Gap and Herndon
July 16 Purcellsville
July 17-18 Snicker’s Ferry
July 19 Ashby’s Gap and Winchester
July 23-24 Kernstown
July 25 Winchester, Bunker Hill and Martinsburg
July 25 Snicker’s Gap
July 26 Falling Waters
July 29-30 Hagerstown
August Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah
August 5 Keedysville
August 17 Winchester
August 18, 19 & 20 Opequan Creek
August 21 Near Berryville
August 21-22 Near Charlestown
August 22 Antietam
August 26 Williamsport
August 30 Summit Point
September 3 White Post
September 19 Third Battle of Winchester
September 22 Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October Assigned to Reserve Division, Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek
October-June Duty In West Virginia operating against Moseby and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
1865
January Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division West Virginia
February Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division West Virginia
June 28 Mustered out