United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts


The 1st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 134 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 78 enlisted men by disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
May 23 Organized at Boston and mustered in Companies A, B, G and H under Colonel Robert Cowdin
May 24 Companies D, F, K and I Mustered in
May 25 Company E mustered in
May 27 Company C mustered in
June 15 The regiment left the state for Washington, D.C.
June 17 Arrived Washington and attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia, with duty at Camp Banks, Georgeton, D.C.
July 16-21 Advance on Manassas, Va.
July 17 Occupation of Fairfax Court House
July 21
Battle of Bull Run
July 22 –
August 15
At Fort Albany
September 7 Moved to Bladensburg; attached to Hooker’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac
September 7-
October 7
Expedition to Lower Maryland. Attached to 1st Brigade, Hooker’s Division, Army of the Potomac
October 25-27 Moved to Posey’s Plantation
October 28 Duty at Posey’s Plantation and at Shipping Point
November 14 Affair at Mattawoman Creek
1862
March Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April 7 Ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va., then to Yorktown
April 16-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
April 26 Affair at Yorktown (Companies A, H & I)
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May 31-June 1 Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 25 Battles of Oak Grove
June 29 Savage Station
June 30
White Oak Swamp and Glendale

Major Charles P. Chandler was killed

July 1 Malvern Hill
July 2 – August 15 At Harrison’s Landing
August 15-26 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 27 Bristoe Station or Kettle Run
August 28 Catlett’s Station
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

The regiment lost heavily in an attack on the Unfinished Railroad.

September – December Duty in the Defences of Washington
September 1- 13 At Fort Lyon
September 14 – October 20 Near Fairfax Seminary
September 30 Colonel Cowdin was promoted to brigadier general and gien command of a brigade in the Washington defences. His promotion was never confirmed by the Senate and expired in March of 1863, when he mustered out and returned home.
October 1 1st Lieutenant Napoleon B. McLaughlen of the 1st United States Cavalry Regiment was appointed colonel of the 1st Massachusetts.
October 21 – November 1 At Munson’s Hill
November 2-25 Duty at Fairfax Station
November 10-12 Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
January – April 27 At Falmouth
February 5-7 Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Clark B. Baldwin. It brought 384 men to the field, losing 16 killed, 83 wounded and 21 missing.

From the monument beside Emmitsburg Road at Gettysburg:

On July 2, 1863 from 11 a.m. until 6:30 p.m. the First Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Lieut. Col. Clark B. Baldwin commanding, occupied this spot in support of its skirmish line 80 feet in advance. The regiment subsequently took position in the brigade line and was engaged until the close of the action.

July 5 – 24 Pursuit of Lee
July 30-August 1 Moved to New York
August – October 15 Duty at Governor’s Island Ricker’s Island and David’s Island, New York Harbor
October 15 Moved to Washington
October 17 To Union Mills, Va. and rejoin Corps
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Payne’s Farm
December Duty near Brandy Station
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-20 Rapidan Campaign
May 5 7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient at Spotsylvania Court House
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road
May 20 Ordered home for muster out; Veterans and Recruits transferred to 11th Massachussetts Infantry
May 25 Mustered out, expiration of term, under the command of Colonel McLaughlen. McLaughlen later became colonel of the 57th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment.