The 5th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 18 officers and 277 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 176 enlisted men to disease. This is the greatest loss sustained in battle of any regiment of infantry or cavalry in the Union Army during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|August||Organized at Concord, N. H. under Colonel Edward E. Cross|
|October 28||Mustered in|
|October 29||Left the state for Washington, D.C. with 1,200 men. Went into camp at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Howard’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|November 3-11||Expedition to Lower Maryland|
|November 27||At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.|
|January 17||Scout to Burke’s Station (Company A)|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 20||Reconnaissance to Gainesville|
|March 28-29||To Rappahannock Station|
|March 28||Warrenton Junction|
|April 4||Moved to the Virginia Peninsula|
|April 5-May 4||Siege of Yorktown, Va.|
|May 28-30||Temporarily attached to Woodbury’s Engineer Brigade to construct Grapevine Bridge over Chickahominy|
|May 31-June 1||
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines
The regiment lost 30 men killed and 170 wounded. Colonel Cross was hit in the thigh by a minnie ball and in the left side of the face by three buckshot. Captain Richard E. Cross was shot in his left leg and right hand.
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
|June 28||Orchard Station|
|June 29||Peach Orchard, Allen’s Farm and Savage Station|
|June 30||White Oak Swamp and Glendale|
Lieutenant Welcome A. Crafts was captured.
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|August 16-30||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and to Centreville, Va. to cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run|
|September 14||Battle of South Mountain (In Reserve)|
|September 15||Antietam Creek, near Keadysville|
Battle of Antietam
The 5th New Hampshire went into battle with 319 men and lost 7 men killed and 120 wounded, including Colonel Cross. During the fighting at the sunken road Colonel Cross, conspicuous with the red bandanna on his bare head that became his battle trademark, had roared for the regiment to “put on the war paint!” while streaking his face with cartridge powder. He then called for them to “Give ’em the war whoop!”
From the brigade monument at Antietam:
Caldwell’s Brigade relieved Meagher’s and became heavily engaged with the Confederate Infantry occupying the Sunken Road and Piper’s cornfield south of it. After an obstinate contest, the Brigade succeeded in dislodging the Confederates from the Sunken Road and, having repelled several attempts to turn its flanks, advanced to the high ground overlooking Piper’s house, where it was halted by command of General Richardson.
|September 21 – October 29||Duty at Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.|
|October 16-17||Reconnaissance to Charlestown|
|October 29-November 17||Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.|
Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment lost 200 of the 270 men engaged. Captain Welcome Crafts of Company B was shot in the left leg. It was testified that bodies of the men of the 5th New Hampshire, along with those of the 69th New York and 53rd Pennsylvania, had advanced closest to the stone wall beneath Marye’s Heights.
|December 14||Captain Charles E. Hapgood of Company I was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Richard Cross of Company K was promoted to major.|
|January 20-24||Burnside’s Second Campaign, “Mud March”|
|February-April||Duty at Falmouth|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
Battle of Chancellorsville
Major Cross was wounded in the chest by a shell fragment.
|May||Colonel Cross took command of the brigade, and Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Hapgood took command of the regiment|
Reconnaissance to Rappahannock, commanded by Colonel Edward E. Cross. The regiment was temporarily attached to a composite brigade supporting the Cavalry Corps.
|June 13-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
Battle of Gettysburg
When Colonel Cross was mortally wounded by a Confederate sharpshooter, Lt. Colonel Hapgood pointed out the man to Sergeant Charles Phelps, who dropped the Rebel. Phelps, in turn, was himself mortally wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Hapgood would be promoted to colonel and Major Cross to lieutenant colonel effective July 3.
From the monument:
Here July 2nd, 1863 from 5 p.m. till 7 the 5th N.H. Vols. stood and fought. Total engaged 182. Killed or mortally wounded 31. Total killed and wounded 81.
On this spot fell mortally wounded Edward C. Cross, Col. 5th N.H. Vols. Comdg. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, July 2nd, 1863
Killed or mortally wounded: 2nd Lieut. Ruel G. Austin; Sergeants Oscar D. Allen, Samuel Dolbear, Charles H. Phelps, William B. Welch; Corporals Charles F. Burrell, Edwin B. Cilley, George H. Hackett, Warren M. Parker, George W. Sylvester, Edward G. F. Stinson, Joseph Tricky; Privates Byron Bennett, Horace Bolii, Joesph Bond Jr., George H. Bucknam, James Burns, Joseph Craig, Charles A. Damon, Lucius Feeney, Andrew J. Foss, Samuel R. Green, Charles Kimball, George Kimball, Charles A. Lovejoy, Nathan B. Osmer, Eliph. B. W. Stevens, Roland Taylor, Nathan B. Thompson, Otis Thompson
The State of New Hampshire erected this monument July 2nd, 1886 to commemorate the valor of her sons.”
|July 26-August 3||Moved to Concord, N.H., Dept. of the East for duty at Draft Rendezvous. The regiment added 400 men to its roster, reaching a strength of 800. But only 80 of these were volunteers, the rest being bounty men who began deserting almost immediately.|
|November 8-13||Moved to Point Lookout, Md. and duty there guarding prisoners. Attached to Marston’s Command, Point Lookout, Md.|
|May 27-June 1||Moved to Cold Harbor, Va., attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of Cold Harbor
The regiment successfully carried the Confederate defenses in its charge, capturing two guns and 125 prisoners. But the units on both flanks had failed and it was forced to retreat, losing 202 out of the 577 men engaged.
First Assault on Petersburg, Va.
Colonel Hapgood was shot in his right arm.
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road|
|July 27-28||Deep Bottom, north of James River|
|July 30||Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)|
|August 4||Lieutenant Colonel Cross was cashiered for “disobedience of orders and breach of arrest”|
|August 13-20||Demonstration north of James River|
|August 14-18||Strawberry Plains|
|August 25||Ream’s Station|
|September 6||Captain Welcome Crafts, who had been in command of the Point Lookout prison camp, was promoted to major.|
|October 12||Non-Veterans mustered out|
|October 16||Colonel Hapgood mustered out.|
|October 28||Major Crafts was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas Livermore to major.|
|December 9-10||Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|February 21||Richard E. Cross was commissioned colonel, but his commission was revoked.|
|March 13||Lieutenant Colonel Crafts was breveted colonel for gallant and meritorious conduct.|
|March 25||Watkins’ House|
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
|March 29-30||On line of Hatcher’s and Gravelly Runs|
|March 31||Hatcher’s Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road|
|April 2||Sutherland Station; Fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Saylor’s Creek|
|April 7||High Bridge and Farmville|
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 29||Brevet Colonel Welcome A. Crafts was commissioned colonel.|
|May 2-12||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|July 28||Mustered out|