The 5th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment lost 18 officers and 277 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 176 enlisted men to disease. This is the greatest loss sustained in battle of any regiment of infantry or cavalry in the Union Army during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Concord, N. H.
October 22 Mustered in
October 29 Left State for Washington, D.C. In camp at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Howard’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac
November 3-11 Expedition to Lower Maryland
November 27 At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.
January 17 Scout to Burke’s Station (Company A)
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 20 Reconnaissance to Gainesville
March 28-29 To Rappahannock Station
March 28 Warrenton Junction
April 4 Moved to the Virginia Peninsula
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown, Va.
May 28-30 Temporarily attached to Woodbury’s Engineer Brigade to construct Grapevine Bridge over Chickahominy
May 31-June 1
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 28 Orchard Station
June 29 Peach Orchard, Allen’s Farm and Savage Station
June 30 White Oak Swamp and Glendale
July 1
Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-30 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and to Centreville, Va. to cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run
September-October Maryland Campaign
September 14 Battle of South Mountain (In Reserve)
September 15 Antietam Creek, near Keadysville
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam
September 21 – October 29 Duty at Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 29-November 17 Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 Burnside’s Second Campaign, “Mud March”
February-April Duty at Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
May Colonel Cross took command of the brigade, and Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Hapgood took command of the regiment
June 9 Reconnaissance to Rappahannock
June 13-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

When Colonel Cross was mortally wounded by a Confederate sharpshooter, Lt. Colonel Hapgood pointed out the man to Sergeant Charles Phelps, who dropped the Rebel. Phelps, in turn, was himself mortally wounded.

From the monument:

Here July 2nd, 1863 from 5 p.m. till 7 the 5th N.H. Vols. stood and fought. Total engaged 182. Killed or mortally wounded 31. Total killed and wounded 81.

On this spot fell mortally wounded Edward C. Cross, Col. 5th N.H. Vols. Comdg. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, July 2nd, 1863

Killed or mortally wounded: 2nd Lieut. Ruel G. Austin; Sergeants Oscar D. Allen, Samuel Dolbear, Charles H. Phelps, William B. Welch; Corporals Charles F. Burrell, Edwin B. Cilley, George H. Hackett, Warren M. Parker, George W. Sylvester, Edward G. F. Stinson, Joseph Tricky; Privates Byron Bennett, Horace Bolii, Joesph Bond Jr., George H. Bucknam, James Burns, Joseph Craig, Charles A. Damon, Lucius Feeney, Andrew J. Foss, Samuel R. Green, Charles Kimball, George Kimball, Charles A. Lovejoy, Nathan B. Osmer, Eliph. B. W. Stevens, Roland Taylor, Nathan B. Thompson, Otis Thompson

The State of New Hampshire erected this monument July 2nd, 1886 to commemorate the valor of her sons.”

July 26-August 3 Moved to Concord, N.H., Dept. of the East for duty at Draft Rendezvous, Concord, N.H.
November 8-13 Moved to Point Lookout, Md. and duty there guarding prisoners. Attached to Marston’s Command, Point Lookout, Md.
May 27-June 1 Moved to Cold Harbor, Va., attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 1-12 Battles about Cold Harbor
June 16-19
First Assault on Petersburg, Va.

Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 27-28 Deep Bottom, north of James River
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 13-20 Demonstration north of James River
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains
August 25 Ream’s Station
October 12 Non-Veterans mustered out
December 9-10 Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 25 Watkins’ House
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29-30 On line of Hatcher’s and Gravelly Runs
March 31 Hatcher’s Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road
April 2 Sutherland Station; Fall of Petersburg
April 6 Saylor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge and Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 2-12 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
July 28 Mustered out
August 8 Discharged