The 13th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 3 officers and 71 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 44 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a series of three monuments at Antietam and a monument at Gettysburg.
|Organized at Camp Frelinghuysen, Newark, N.J.|
|August 25||Mustered in under Colonel Ezra Ayres Carman (formerly lieutenant colonel of the 7th New Jersey who had been wounded at Williamsburg) and Lieutenant Colonel Robert S. Swords|
|August 31||Left State for Washington. D.C. Camp near Fort Richardson, on Arlington Heights, Va. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia|
|September 6-9||Expedition beyond Rockville, Md. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment loaded its muskets for the first time at Antietam. At some point during the battle Colonel Carman went to the hospital and Lieutenant Colonel Swords took over the regiment.
From the three monuments:
First position under artillery fire, about 150 yards north of this point. At 10 a.m. advanced to the Hagerstown Road and became closely engaged.
Center of Regiment at 10:20 a.m. facing West. Part of the right wing was across the road.
Engaged in this position facing West from 11:20 a.m. to about 12 noon.
From the first War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade in The Cornfield on the Antietam battlefield:
Gordon’s Brigade formed line at daybreak on the Hoffman farm and advanced in a southerly direction in support of Hooker’s Corps.
The 107th New York was detached to support Cothran’s Battery and the 13th New Jersey was held in reserve. The Brigade formed on either side of Ransom’s Battery on the high ground due east of D. R. Miller’s, where it repulsed an assault of Hood’s Division and its support and, moving south through the Cornfield, changed front to the right and took position behind the ridge parallel to the Hagerstown Pike, where it remained until it was relieved by the advance of Sedgwick’s Division and withdrawn to the East Woods.
From the second War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Immediately after the withdrawl of Gordon’s Brigade to the East Woods, after being relieved by Sedgwick’s Division, it was ordered to the support of that Division in the West Woods.
The 13th New Jersey and 2nd Massachusetts advanced into this road – the former north and the latter south of this point – where they encountered such a destructive fire from the enemy that they were compelled to retire to the East Woods. Later in the day, the 13th New Jersey advanced into the woods west of the Dunkard Church and took position on the right of Greene’s Division.
|September 23-October 30||At Maryland Heights|
|Picket duty near Sharpsburg, Md.|
|December 10-16||March to Fairfax Station, Va.|
|January 4-20||Picket duty on the Occoquan|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February||At Fairfax Station|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Ezra A. Carman. It brought 360 men to the field, losing 1 killed and 20 wounded.
From the monument:
Thirteenth Regiment N.J.V. reached this battle-field 5 p.m. July 1st 1863, and with the brigade went into position on the north side of Wolf Hill. During the night occupied a position in support of Battery M, First N.Y. Artillery. July 2, in morning held position near Culp’s Hill. In afternoon marched to relief of Third Corps near Round Top. At night returned to right of the army. July 3, occupied position marked by this monument, supporting Second Massachusetts and Twenty-seventh Indiana in their charge on Confederate flank. In the evening moved to extreme right to support of Gregg’s Cavalry.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Leo to Manassas Gap, Va.|
|July 31-August 15||Picket duty at Kelly’s Ford|
|August-September||At Raccoon Ford|
|September 24-October 4||Movement to Stevenson, Ala. and attached to Army of the Cumberland|
|October||Guard Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad|
|April||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland|
|May 8-11||Demonstration against Rocky Faced Ridge|
|May 14-15||Battle of Resaca|
|May 19||Near Cassville|
|May 22-25||Advance on Dallas|
|May 25||New Hope Church|
|May- 26-June 5||Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills|
|June 10-July 2||Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain|
|June 11-14||Pine Hill|
|June 15-17||Lost Mountain|
|June 15||Gilgal or Golgotha Church|
|June 17||Muddy Creek|
|June 19||Noyes Creek|
|June 22||Kolb’s Farm|
|June 27||Assault on Kennesaw|
|July 4||Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground|
|July 5-17||Chattahoochie River|
|July 19-21||Peach Tree Creek|
|July 22-August 25||Siege of Atlanta|
|August 26-September 2||Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge|
|September 2-November 15||Occupation of Atlanta|
|November 15-December 10||March to the sea|
|December 9||Montieth Swamp|
|December 10-21||Siege of Savannah|
|January to April||Campaign of the Carolinas|
|January 17||Brigade train guard|
|January 27 –
|Division train guard|
|February 16-17||Occupation of Columbia|
|March 11||Occupation of Fayetteville, N. C.|
|March 19-21||Battle of Bentonville|
|March 24||Occupation of Goldsboro|
|April 10-14||Advance on Raleigh|
|April 14||Occupation of Raleigh|
|April 26||Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.|
|April 29-May 19||March to Washington, D.C. via Richmond|
|May 24||Grand Review|
|June 8||Mustered out near Washington, D.C. under Colonel Carman.|