“Porter Guard”

The 10th New York Cavalry Regiment lost 9 officers and 93 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 148 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument east of Gettysburg on Hanover Road.

1861
September 27 Organized at Elmira, N. Y
December 24 Moved to Gettysburg, Pa. and duty there
1862
March Duty at Havre de Grace and Baltimore, Md., in the Middle Department and in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
August 27 Sulphur Springs, Va. and Near Frying Pan attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, Army of Virginia.
August 31 Reconnaissance to Dranesville, Herndon Station and Frying Pan assigned to Bayard’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac
September 3 Near Centreville
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Leesburg
October 31 Aldie and Mountsville
November 1 Rappahannock Station
November 4 New Baltimore
November 7, 8 & 9 Rappahannock Station
November 16 United States Ford (Company H)
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg
December 19 Occoquan, Dumfries
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
February 25 Hartwood Church
April 3 Colonel Lemmon resigned and was honorably discharged due to severe rheumatic pains and chronic nephritis. He had been facing charges of incompetency and “being a habitual liar.”
April 14 Rappahannock Railroad Bridge
April 27-May 8 Stoneman’s Raid toward Richmond
April 30 Kelly’s Ford
May 1 Rapidan Station
May 2 Louisa Court House
May 3 South Anna Bridge
May 4 Ashland Church and Thompson’s Cross Roads
June Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, then 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station 

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William Irvine until he was captured. Major Matthew H. Avery then took over command. The 10th New York was routed by a charge of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry, losing 130 men and its flag.

June 11 Lieutenant Colonel Irvine was promoted to colonel.
June 17 Aldie
June 18, 19 & 20 Middleburg
June 21 Upperville
June 22 Aldie
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Major Mathew Henry Avery. It brought 392 men to the field and lost 2 men killed, 4 wounded and 3 missing.

From the monument:

July 2nd 1863. 3 to 8 p.m.

July 5 Fairfield, Pa.
July 11 Hagerstown, Md.
July 11-12 Boonsboro
July 14 Near Harper’s Ferry
July 14 and 16 Shepherdstown
July 15 Halltown
August 4 Near Amissville
August 5 Little Washington
August Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
September 13 Culpeper Court House
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 11 Near Warrenton
October 12-13 Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs
October 14 Auburn and St. Stephen’s Church
October 15-16 Catlett’s Station
October 24 Rappahannock Station
November 1 Philomont
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 New Hope Church
November 29 Parker’s Store
December 21-23 Expedition to Luray
1864
May-June Rapidan Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps
May 4 Near Chancellorsville
May 5-6 Todd’s Tavern
May 6-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 7-8 Todd’s Tavern
May 8 Spotsylvania
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Raid to the James River
May 9-10 North Anna River
May 11
Ground Squirrel Church, Yellow Tavern and Glen Allen
May 12 Fortifications of Richmond
May 17 Jones Bridge
May 18 Haxall’s Landing
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 28 Hanovertown and Haw’s Shop
May 30 Old Church Tavern
May 31-June 1
Cold Harbor
June 2 Barker’s and Gaines Mills
June 3 Bottom’s Bridge
June 7-24 Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid
June 11-12
Trevillian Station
June 16 Malvern Hill
June 18 Kings and Queens Court House
June 21 White House or St. Peter’s Church and Black Creek or Tunstall Station
June 24 Samaria Church
June 26 to April 2 Before Petersburg
June 30 Ream’s Station
July 1 Light House Point
July 2 Gaines Hill
July 10 and 16 Prince George Court House
July 12 Lee’s Mills
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 28 Malvern Hill
July 30 Lee’s Mills
August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14 Gravel Hill
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains
August 19-21 Weldon Railroad
August 23 Dinwiddie Road, near Ream’s Station
August 25 Ream’s Station
August 29-30 Arthur’s Swamp
September 2 Yellow Tavern
September 16 Stony Creek Station
September 17 Belcher’s Mills
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church, Peeble’s Farm
September 30-October 1 Vaughan Road
October 1 Duncan Road
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
November 2 Near Prince George Court House
November 7 Reconnaissance to Stony Creek
November 18 Blackwater Creek
November 24 Lieutenant Colonel Avery was promoted to colonel.
December 1 Stony Creek
December 6-12 Hicksford Raid
December 9-10 Bellefield
December 10 Jarrett’s Station
1865
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 28- April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 30-31
Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 5 Payne’s Cross Roads and Amelia Springs
April 6 Deatonville Road and Sailor’s Creek
April 7 Farmville
April 8 Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29 Expedition to Danville
May Moved to Washington, D. C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 17 Consolidated with 24th New York Cavalry to form 1st Regiment Provisional Cavalry under the command of Colonel Avery..
July 19 1st Regiment Provisional Cavalry mustered out