United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


(30th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment)

The 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves lost 6 officers and 102 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 64 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

From the monument: “Total enrollment 1100; Killed & died of wounds, 6 officers 102 men, Died of disease etc., 2 officers 65 men, Wounded, 16 officers 311 men, Captured or missing 3 officers 83 men, (total) 27 officers 561 men,Total casualties 588”

See a photograph of a company of the the 30th Pennsylvania.

1861
June 9 Organized at West Chester. Recruited in Chester, Lancaster, Delaware, York, Cumberland and Adams Counties. Company K was recruited at Gettysburg.
July 20 Moved to Harrisburg, Pa.
July 22 Reported to General Dix at Baltimore, Md.
July 26 Mustered into United States service at Camp Carroll, near Baltimore under Colonel R. Biddle Roberts, Lieutenant Colonel Henry M. McMIntire and Major Lemuel Todd.
July 27 -August 30 Duty at Annapolis, Md. and attached to Dix’s Command
August 30-31 Moved to Washington, D.C., then to Tennallytown, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
October 10 March to Langley.
Octber-March Duty at Camp Pierpont
December 6 Reconnaissance to Dranesville
December 20 Action at Dranesville (Co. A)
1862
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Fredericksburg, Va.
April-May Duty at Fredericksburg attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
June Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26 Battle of Mechanicsville
June 27 Battle of Gaines Mill
June 30
Battles of Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

Lieutenant Colonel McIntire wounded

July 1 Battle of Malvern Hill
July At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-26 Movement to Join Pope. attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia.
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 6 Maryland Campaign; attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 15 Major Todd resigned.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Colonel Roberts commanded the regiment at the start of the battle. He took over brigade command when Major General Hooker was wounded, Meade took over corps command from Hooker, and Brigadier General Seymour took division command from Meade. Captain William C. Talley took over command of the regiment when Colonel Roberts took over the brigade.

There are two War Department markers for Seymour’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield. The first marker is on Mansfield Avenue at Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Briade of Meade’s Division, after its engagement with the enemy of September 16, 1862, bivouacked on either side of the road at this point , with pickets thrown forward in the east woods.

The second marker is on Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Brigade became engaged at daybreak, and advanced on either side of this road into the East Woods, where it became heavily engaged with the enemy.

At the western edge of the East Woods its advance was checked by the enemy, and its ammunition having been exhausted, it was relieved about 7 A. M. by Ricketts’ Division, and withdrawn to the ridge in the rear of Joseph Poffenberger’s.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth
November 1 Colonel Roberts resigned to join Governor Curtin’s staff in Harrisburg, possibly because he had been denied promotion to brgadier general for political reasons.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Captain William Talley was wounded.

1863
January 7 Lieutenant Colonel McIntire resigned due to his wound from Charles CIty Crossroads
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February Ordered to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defenses there. Attached to 1st Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Army Corps
March 1 Captain W. Cooper Talley of Company F promoted to colonel, Captain W. Warren Stewart of Company K to lieutenant colonel, and Captain T. B. Kauffman of Company I to major.
June 25 Rejoined Army of the Potomac attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel William C. Talley, who was wounded.

From the monument:

July 2nd in the evening charged from the hill in rear to this position and held it until the afternoon of July 3rd when the Brigade advanced through the woods to the front and left driving the enemy and capturing many prisoners.

Present at Gettysburg 26 officers & 418 men. Killed & died of wounds 13 men. Wounded 3 officers 30 men

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
July 13 Williamsport
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 26-30 Mine Run
1864
May – June Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

Colonel Talley was captured, but escaped from prison in Richmond by Sheridan’s raid of May 8 – 11.

May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1 Left the front to muster out
June 10 Mustered out under Colonel William Cooper Talley, Lieutenant Colonel W. Warren Stewart and Major T. B. Kauffman