United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


The 49th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 184 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 168 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
September Recruited in the counties of Centre, Chester, Huntingdon, Miffin and Juniata and organized at Lewistown and Harrisburg under Colonel William Irwin, Lieutenant Colonel William Brisbane and Major Thomas Hulings
September 22 Left State for Washington, D.C.
September Duty near Lewinsville, Va., Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Hancock’s Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army Potomac
1862
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Virginia. Captain George F. Smith of Company B transferred to the 61st Pennsylvania as major.
April 5-May 4 Return to Alexandria and embark for the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown
April 16 Lee’s Mills, Burnt Chimneys
May Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May-June Pursuit to the Chickahominy River and picket duty
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 27 Garnett’s Farm
June 28
Golding’s Farm

The regiment lost 10 killed and 23 wounded in fighting on the 27th & 28th

June 29 Savage Station
June 30 White Oak Swamp Bridge
July 1 Malvern Hill
July-August
At Harrison’s Landing

At one point 60 per cent of the regiment were on the sick list

August 16-27 Movement to Centreville via Charles City Court House, Williamsburg, Big Bethel and Hampton, then by trasports to Alexandria.
August 27-31 In works at Centreville
August 30 Assist in checking Pope’s rout at Bull Run
August 31-September 1 Cover retreat to Fairfax C. H.
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign
September 10-11 Sugar Loaf Mountain
September 14 Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Lt. Colonel Willliam Brisbane while Colonel Irwin commanded the 3rd Brigade.

From the War Department marker for Smith’s Division on the Antietam battlefield:

Smith’s Division left camp between Crampton’s Pass and Rohrersville in Pleasant Valley at 5:30 A.M. of the 17th, crossed the Antietam at Pry’s Ford and arrived at the front about noon. Hancock’s Brigade was put in position on the left of Sedgwick’s Division of the Second Corps, its right near the Poffenberger Lane, its left extending in front of and parallel to the East Woods, Irwin’s Brigade advancing took cover behind the ridge south of the Smoketown Road and in front of the Church… The Division remained in position with some slight changes until the morning of the 19th, when it advanced and ascertained that the Confederates had recrossed the Potomac.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 15 Lt. Colonel Brisbane resigned. Major Hulings was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Miles of Company C to major
October 29-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 9 Consolidated to four companies under Lieutenant Colonel Hulings. Colonel Irwin, Major Miles and other unneeded officers were ordered on recruiting service.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At White Oak Church. attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps
April 10 Colonel Irwin returned to take command of the reinforced regiment.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2
Operations at Franklin’s Crossing

Two privates were killed, Captain William Freeburn was mortally wounded and Colonel Irwin and eight other men wounded during the river crossing in pontoon boats.

April 29 Bernard House
May 3 Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4 Salem Church
May 4 Banks’ Ford
May At White Oak Church
June 6-13 Deep Run Ravine
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas M. Hulings. It brought 318 men to the field in four companies (A-D), suffering no casualties.From the monument:

The regiment made a continuous march from Manchester Md. arriving on the field the afternoon of July 2. Occupied this position in reserve from the morning of the 3rd until the enemy’s assault in the afternoon when it moved to support centre thence to Round Top.

July 10-13 At and near Funkstown, Md.
July-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 24 Colonel Irwin resigns
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7
Rappahannock Station

The regiment and its brigade carried enemy earthworks in a bayonet charge which captured 1600 prisoners, four guns and eight battle flags, while losing 3 men killed and Captain Hutchinson, Lieutenant Stuart and 25 other men wounded.

November 19 260 men reenlisted and were granted a 35 day furlough
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign

Captain Quigly and 4 other men were wounded

December Duty at Hazel River
1864
April 22 Lt. Colonel Hulings was promoted to colonel, Major Miles to lieutenant colonel, and Captain B.J. Hickman of Company B to major, effective to October 24
May 4-June 13 Rapidan Campaign
May 3
Germania Ford

The regiment lost 11 killed and Lieutenant Decatur Lytle and 22 other men wounded

May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost easily in an unsuccessful assault. Colonel Hulings, Lt. Colonel Miles, Captain William Kephart, Lieutenants Lytle and Calvin De Witt and 61 enlisted men were killed. Captain Robert Barr was mortally wounded. Captain Stuart, Lieutenants Downing, Irvin, Russel, and Thompson, Adjutant Hilands and 195 enlisted men were wounded. Major Hickman took over the regiment as senior surviving officer.

May 12
Assault on the Salient

Captains James Quigley and F. W. Wombacker and Lieutenant John Rogers were wounded. From May 4 – 14 the regiment lost 392 casualties, and at the end of the battle could muster only 130 men

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 31-June 12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 8 killed amd Captains Wakefield and Hutchinson and 18 enlisted men wounded

June 15 Major Hickman promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain A. W. Wakefield of Company A to major
June 17-19 Before Petersburg. Siege of Petersburg begins.
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 9-11 Moved to Washington D.C.
July 12-13 Repulse of Early’s attack on Washington
July 14-18 Pursuit of Early. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah
August Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Reserve Division, Dept. West Virginia
September Returned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Shenandoah
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequan) 

Lieutenant Joseph Wallace and 10 enlisted men were killed and Captain John Thompson, Lieutenant Downing and 35 enlisted men wounded. A shell burst atop the regimental colors, destroying what little remained of it. Adjutant Hilands wrote, “As the line came on the plain, east of Winchester, we on the left had a full view of the whole field, and a magnificent sight it was. The enemy’s line was broken; his artillery, cavalry and infantry were in inextricable confusion, and having turned their backs were making fast time from the field, while off to the right was our own line, in perfect order, stretching away in the distance, steadily advancing in the bright sunlight, with colors, which looked more beautiful than ever, waving in triumph. It was worth three years’ hard service to be a participant in the battle of Winchester, under the command of Phil. Sheridan.”

September-Otcober Guard duty at Winchester
October 26 A new state color is presented to the regiment to replace the one destroyed at Winchester
October 29 In the Shenandoah Valley
December 1 Ordered to Petersburg, Va. and returned to the Army of the Potomac
December 5 Into winter quarters at Fort Wadsworth, at the Weldon Railroad
1865
March 25 Advanced to relieve Fort Steadman, but was not needed
February 5-7
Battle of Dabney’s Mills, or Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

Lieuteant G. E. Hackenberg was killed, Lieutenant John Rogers mortally wounded and Captain Wombacker was wounded. Detached to escort prisoners after the battle

April 23-29 March to Danville
April 30 Duty at Danville
May 23 Moved to Richmond, Va. then to Washington, D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 9 Duty at Hall’s Hill
June 28 Lt. Colonel Hickman resigns
July 15 Mustered out at Hall’s Hill