United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania


(38th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment)

The 9th Pennsylvania Reserves lost 6 officers and 131 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 49 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
July Organized at Pittsburg under Colonel Conrad F. Jackson, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Anderson and Major James M. Snodgrass. Colonel Jackson was quickly promoted to brigadier general and Lt. Colonel Anderson to colonel.
July 22 Ordered to Washington, D.C.
July 23 Left Pittsburg for Harrisburg, where the regiment received Harpers Ferry smoothbore muskets and equipment, then proceeded to Washington.
July 26 Arrived at dayight and went into camp a half mile east of the Capitol
July 27 Mustered into United States service attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
July 28 Camp at Capital Hill, Washington
August 5 Moved to Tennallytown, Md. and the camp of the Pennsylvania Reserves under General McCall
September 9-16 Picket duty at Great Falls. The regiment traded shots with Confederate pickets for the first time
September 21 The regiment’s smoothbore muskets were exchanged for Springfied rifled muskets except for Company A, which was issued Sharps rifles, the men’s private property. Secretary of War Cameron, Governor Curtin and Geneal McClellan reviewed the regiment.
October 10 Moved via the Chain Bridge to winter quarters at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.
November 19 Companies A, B, D, F and G on reconnaissance to Hunter’s Mills under Major Snodgrass
December 6 Expedition to Gunnell’s Farm
December 20
Action at Dranesville

The regiment lost two enlisted men killed and Captain Robert Galway, Captain Samuel Dick and 18 enlisted men wounded.

1862
March 10 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
June Duty at Fredericksburg, attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 9-12 Moved to White House, Va. on the steamship Georgia
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26 Battles of Mechanicsville
June 27
Gaines Mill

Captain Robert Galway and Lieutenant J. F. Kirkpatrick were wounded

June 30
Charles City Cross Roads or Glendale

Lieutenant James P. Beattie was killed and Captain John Cuthbertson wounded. Private William John Gallagher captured the flag of the 10th Alabama Infantry. The flag was in private hands for many years but was returned to the State of Alabama in 2000 and is now in the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

July 1 Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-26 Movement to join Pope, attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
August 29 Battles of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Captain James Shannon was mortally wounded and Lieutenants James Reade and Gustavus Wenke were killed

September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

Lt. Colonel Robert Anderson took command of the brigade when Colonel Gallagher was wounded. Major Snodgrass was sick in Washington, so Captain Samuel B. Dick of Company F took command of the regiment as senior officer in the field.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Captain Dick. Lieutenant John Longbein was killed.

Private Samuel Johnson earned the Medal of Honor capturing two colors of the 1st Texas, receiving a severe wound.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Brigadier General Jackson was killed commanding the brigade. Lieutenant Reuben Long was also killed, and Lieutenant Oliver McIllwain was wounded

1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Ordered to Washington, D.C. for duty there and at Alexandria; attached to 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington
February 10 Colonel Anderson discharged
February 17 Captain Dick resigned due to ill health from exposure and wounds
April 1 Major Snodgrass promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Charles Barnes of Company E promoted to major.
June 25 Ordered to rejoin Army of the Potomac in the field. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James M. Snodgrass.

From the monument in the saddle between Little Round Top and Big Round Top:

The Regiment arrived on the field July 2nd about 5 p.m. with 377 officers and men and soon after moved to this position and held it until the close of the battle with a loss of five wounded.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
October 9-22. Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
1864
March 29 Lt. Colonel J. M. Snodgrass resigned
May 5
Battle of the Wilderness

Ordered home while in line of battle.

May 12 Mustered out under Major Barnes