(38th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment)
The 9th Pennsylvania Reserves lost 6 officers and 131 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 49 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|July||Organized at Pittsburg under Colonel Conrad F. Jackson, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Anderson and Major James M. Snodgrass. Colonel Jackson was quickly promoted to brigadier general and Lt. Colonel Anderson to colonel.|
|July 22||Ordered to Washington, D.C.|
|July 23||Left Pittsburg for Harrisburg, where the regiment received Harpers Ferry smoothbore muskets and equipment, then proceeded to Washington.|
|July 26||Arrived at dayight and went into camp a half mile east of the Capitol|
|July 27||Mustered into United States service attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac|
|July 28||Camp at Capital Hill, Washington|
|August 5||Moved to Tennallytown, Md. and the camp of the Pennsylvania Reserves under General McCall|
|September 9-16||Picket duty at Great Falls. The regiment traded shots with Confederate pickets for the first time|
|September 21||The regiment’s smoothbore muskets were exchanged for Springfied rifled muskets except for Company A, which was issued Sharps rifles, the men’s private property. Secretary of War Cameron, Governor Curtin and Geneal McClellan reviewed the regiment.|
|October 10||Moved via the Chain Bridge to winter quarters at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.|
|November 19||Companies A, B, D, F and G on reconnaissance to Hunter’s Mills under Major Snodgrass|
|December 6||Expedition to Gunnell’s Farm|
Action at Dranesville
The regiment lost two enlisted men killed and Captain Robert Galway, Captain Samuel Dick and 18 enlisted men wounded.
|March 10||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|April 9-19||McDowell’s advance on Falmouth. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|June||Duty at Fredericksburg, attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|June 9-12||Moved to White House, Va. on the steamship Georgia|
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
|June 26||Battles of Mechanicsville|
Captain Robert Galway and Lieutenant J. F. Kirkpatrick were wounded
Charles City Cross Roads or Glendale
Lieutenant James P. Beattie was killed and Captain John Cuthbertson wounded. Private William John Gallagher captured the flag of the 10th Alabama Infantry. The flag was in private hands for many years but was returned to the State of Alabama in 2000 and is now in the Alabama Department of Archives and History.
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|August 16-26||Movement to join Pope, attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia|
|August 29||Battles of Groveton|
Second Battle of Bull Run
Captain James Shannon was mortally wounded and Lieutenants James Reade and Gustavus Wenke were killed
|September 6-24||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of South Mountain
Lt. Colonel Robert Anderson took command of the brigade when Colonel Gallagher was wounded. Major Snodgrass was sick in Washington, so Captain Samuel B. Dick of Company F took command of the regiment as senior officer in the field.
Commanded by Captain Dick. Lieutenant John Longbein was killed.
Private Samuel Johnson earned the Medal of Honor capturing two colors of the 1st Texas, receiving a severe wound.
|September-October||Duty in Maryland|
|October 30-November 19||Movement to Falmouth, Va|
Battle of Fredericksburg
Brigadier General Jackson was killed commanding the brigade. Lieutenant Reuben Long was also killed, and Lieutenant Oliver McIllwain was wounded
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February 6||Ordered to Washington, D.C. for duty there and at Alexandria; attached to 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington|
|February 10||Colonel Anderson discharged|
|February 17||Captain Dick resigned due to ill health from exposure and wounds|
|April 1||Major Snodgrass promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Charles Barnes of Company E promoted to major.|
|June 25||Ordered to rejoin Army of the Potomac in the field. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James M. Snodgrass.
From the monument in the saddle between Little Round Top and Big Round Top:
The Regiment arrived on the field July 2nd about 5 p.m. with 377 officers and men and soon after moved to this position and held it until the close of the battle with a loss of five wounded.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|October 9-22.||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Rappahannock Station|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|March 29||Lt. Colonel J. M. Snodgrass resigned|
Ordered home while in line of battle.
|May 12||Mustered out under Major Barnes|