Commanded by Major General George B. McClellan (to April 4)
After April 4, 1862 there was no commander in chief of the army. Direction came from the President and the War Department.
Army of the Potomac
Major General George B. McClellan
Department of Virginia
Major General John E. Wool
Major General John Dix
Major General John C. Fremont
Department of the Rappahannock (established April 4)
Major General Irvin McDowell
Consisting of Virginia east of the Blue Ridge and west of the Potomac River, the Fredericksburg and Richmond Railroad, including the District of Columbia and the country between the Potomac and the Patuxent Rivers.
Department of the Shenandoah (re-established April 4)
Major General Nathaniel Banks
Consisting of the Valley of Virginia and Allegheny & Washington Counties in Maryland.