United States Regiments & Batteries > Illinois

“Yates Phalanx”

The 39th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 12 officers and 129 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 130 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

The 39th Illinois Infantry Regiment was organized at Chicago, Illinois
October 11 Mustered in
October 13 Left state for St. Louis, Mo.
October 29 Ordered to Williamsport, Md. Attached to R. R. Guard, Dept. of West Virginia
December 11 Moved from Williamsport, Md., to Hancock, Md. and guard duty on Baltimore and Ohio R. R.
January Attached to 1st Brigade, Lander’s Division, Army of the Potomac
January 3 Action near Bath (Companies D, I, and K); Great Cacapon Bridge (Company G) and Alpine Station (Companies A, B, C, E, F and H).
January 5 Retreat to Cumberland, Md.
January Moved to New Creek, Va., thence to Patterson’s Creek and duty there
March 7-15 Advance on Winchester, Va. attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 18 Reconnaissance to Strasburg
March 22
First Battle of Kernstown
March 25
Battle of Winchester
March 26 Pursuit to New Market, Mt. Jackson
March 27 Strasburg
April 1 Woodstock
April 2 Edenburg
April 4 Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
April 17 Occupation of Mt. Jackson
April In Luray Valley guarding bridges over South branch Shenandoah River, attached to Department of the Shenandoah
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
March 25-30 To Front Royal
June 29-July 2 Moved to Alexandria, thence to Harrison’s Landing, Va.
July Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 3-4 Chickahominy Swamps
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-22 Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va.
September 1 Moved to Suffolk, Va. and attached to Ferry’s Brigade, Division at Suffolk, Va., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia
October 9 Skirmish on the Blackwater
October 20
October 25
Zuni and Skirmish on the Blackwater
October 29 & 30
Skirmish on the Blackwater
December Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina
December 1-3
Expedition from Suffolk
December 2
Action near Franklin on the Blackwater
December 12 Zuni
January 23 Moved to New Berne, N. C.
January 28-February 1 To Port Royal, S. C.
February Camp at St. Helena Island, S.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of the South
April 7-13 Expedition against Charleston
April 13
Occupation of Folly Island, S.C.

Attached to U.S. Forces, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South

June Attached to 2nd Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, then 1st Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps
July 10
Attack on Morris Island, S.C.
July 11 and 18
Assaults on Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C.

Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Morris Island, S.C. 10th Army Corps

July 18-September 7

Siege of Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, S.C., and operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston

Attached to 1st Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps

September 7
Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg
September Siege operations against Charleston, S.C. attached to Howell’s Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S.C.

Duty at Folly Island, S.C.,

December At Hilton Head, S. C. attached to District of Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Army Corps
January 1 to February 3 Veterans on furlough
April Moved from Chicago to Washington, D.C., thence to Yorktown, Va. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina
May 5-June 15

Butler’s operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond

May 5 Occupation of Bermuda Hundred and City Point
May 9
Weir Bottom Church
May 9-10
Swift Creek or Arrow field Church
May 12-16
Proctor’s and Palmer’s Creeks and Drury’s Bluff
May 16-June 15

Defenses of Bermuda Hundred

May 20 Weir Bottom Church
June 6-7 Chester Station
June 2 and 14
Bermuda Hundred
June 16-17
Bermuda Front
June 16

On the Bermuda Hundred front. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond

August 14-18
Demonstration north of the James; Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
August 16
Deep Run
August 25-September 27

In trenches before Petersburg

September 28-30
Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights
October 13
Darbytown Road
October 27-28
Battle of Fair Oaks

In trenches before Richmond

December Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps
March 27-28 Moved to Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-31 Hatcher’s Run
April 1-2
Assaults on Petersburg
April 2
Assault on Fort Gregg and fall of Petersburg.
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April-July Duty at Richmond
August Duty at Norfolk, Va. Attached to District of Eastern Virginia, Dept. of Virginia
December 6 Mustered out
December 16 The 39th Illinois Infantry Regiment was discharged at Chicago, Ill.