United States Regiments & Batteries > New Jersey

Battery B First New Jersey Artillery lost 1 officer and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 23 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

The battery was organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey under the command of Captain John E. Beam.
September 3 Battery B First New Jersey Artillery mustered in for three years Federal service.
October 22 The battery left New Jersey for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Heintzelman’s Division

Peninsula Campaign

Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula. Attached to Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of the Potomac

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown, Virginia

May 5

Battle of Williamsburg

May 31-June 1

Battle of Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines)

June 21 Action at Fair Oaks Station
June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

Attached to Artillery Reserve, 3rd Corps

June 25

Battle of Oak Grove

June 29

Peach Orchard and Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp and Glendale

July 1

Malvern Hill

Captain John E. Beam was killed. First Lieutenant Adirondam Clark was promoted to captain and took over command of the battery.

July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August Moved to Washington, D.C. and duty in the Defenses of that city. Attached to Artillery, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps
November 10-12 Operations along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad
November 28-December 11 Near Falmouth, Virginia.
December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

January At Falmouth attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Corps
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 5-7 Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

Attached to Artillery Brigade, 3rd Corps

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

Battery B First New Jersey Artillery was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain Adoniram J. Clark. It brought 143 men to the field serving six 10-pounder Parrott Rifles.

On July 2 the battery deployed in an exposed position near the Peach Orchard before moving to a better position. It fired on the Confederates attacking from Warfield Ridge. The battery pulled pulled back when its infantry support withdrew on both flanks.

The commander or the 3rd Corps Artillery, Captain George E. Randolph, was wounded, and Captain Adoniram Clark took command of the brigade as senior officer. First Lieutenant Robert Sims then took command of the battery.

Text from the monument in Excelsior Field:

Fought here from 2 until 7 O’clock on July 2, 1863, firing 1,300 rounds of ammunition. Losses, killed 1, wounded 16, missing 3.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Virginia.
July 12 South Mountain, Maryland.
July 23

Wapping Heights, Manassas Gap, Virginia.

August Near Warrenton, Virginia.
October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

First Lieutenant Robert Sims continued to command the battery while Captain Adoniram Clark commanded the brigade.

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7

Kelly’s Ford

November 8 Brandy Station
November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

Captain Adoniram Clark returned to command the battery after Captain George E. Randolph returned from recovering from his wound to command the brigade.

December At and near Stevensburg
March Attached to 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

Attached to Artillery Brigade, 2nd Corps

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient (“Bloody Angle”)

May 19

Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 16-18

First Assault on Petersburg

June 16-18

Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James River
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains
August 18 Russell’s Mills
August 25

Second Battle of Ream’s Station

Captain Adoniram Clark was lightly wounded.

March 25 Watkins’ House
March 28-
April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 29-31

Hatcher’s Run

April 2

Boydton Road, Fall of Petersburg and Sutherland Station

April 6

Sailor’s Creek

April 6-7


April 9

Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 16 Battery B First New Jersey Artillery mustered out