United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry

“Fremont Rifle Regiment”

The 46th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 96 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 89 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War.

Organized at New York City under the command of Colonel Rudolph Rosa, Lieutenant Colonel Germain Metternich and Major Joseph Gerhard
July 29 Company A mustered in under Captain George W. Travers
August 5 Company B mustered in under Captain Julius Parcus
August 14 Company C mustered in under Captain Francis Muhlbauer
August 22 Company D mustered in under Captain Richard Riegel
August 27 Company E mustered in under Captain Philipp Schwickart
August 30 Company F mustered in under Captain John Henkell
September 3 Company G mustered in under Captain Carl Paulsackel
September 6 Company H mustered in under Captain Theodore Hohle
September 16 Companies I and K mustered in under Captain Peter Warmkessel. Left State for Washington, D.C., then moved to Annapolis, Md.
October Attached to Viele’s 1st Brigade, Sherman’s South Carolina Expeditionary Corps,
October 21-November 7 Expedition to Port Royal, S.C.
November 7 Capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard, Port Royal Harbor and Hilton Head, S.C.
November Duty at Hilton Head, S.C.
November 25 Lieutenant Anton Hinckel of Company D promoted to captain of Company K
February 11 Occupation of Edisto Island, S.C.
March 30-31 Wilmington and Whitmarsh Islands
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the South
April 10-11
Bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski, Ga.

Lieutenant Peter Lunkenbein mortally wounded

May 13 Lieutenant Colonel Metternich died of disease at Tybee Island, Georgia.
June 1-28 Expedition to James Island
June 1 Major Gerhardt promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Julius Parcus of Company B to major
June 8
Action at James Island

Lieutenant Carl Schlotzer wounded

June 16
Battle of Secessionville

Lieutenants Wilhelm Grotowsky and Ferdinand Sehrt and 16 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 13 enlisted men were wounded, and 2 enlisted men missing.

June 28-July 7 Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hilton Head
July 12-17 Moved to Newport News and attched to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 2-6 To Fredericksburg, Va.
August 13-27 Operations on the Rapidan and Rappahannock Rivers
August 16-September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

Captain George Hoesterreich and 8 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 13 enlisted men were wounded in the campaign

August 29
Battle of Groveton

Colonel Rosa was wounded in the right thigh.

August 30 Bull Run
September 1 Chantilly
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 1 officer and 6 enlisted men wounded

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Gerhard. It lost 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenant Carl Schlotzer and 10 enlisted men wounded.

From the War Department tablet for Welsh’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

On the morning of the 17th Welsh’s Brigade was in reserve on the eastern slope of the ridge on the left bank of the Antietam, nearly opposite the Burnside Bridge. About 2 P.M., after Sturgis’ Division had carried the bridge, the Brigade crossed and, following the road to Sharpsburg about 250 yards, formed line west of the road.

The Brigade then advanced over the high ground west of the road, gradually crossing to the east, until its right was near this point, its center in the ravine and at the stone mill, and its left in the apple orchard beyond, when the attack of A.P. Hill on the left flank of the Corps compelled it to withdraw to the banks of the Antietam, where it remained until the evening of the 18th.

September Duty in Maryland
October 11 -November 18 March up the Potomac to Leesburg, then to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men wounded.

December 17 Colonel Rosa was discharged for disability from his Chantilly wound. Lt. Colonel Gerhard was promoted to colonel and Captain George W. Travers of Company A to lieutenant colonel.
January 5 Major Parcus discharged and Captain Theodore Hohle of Company A promoted to major
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 13 Moved to Newport News, Va.,
March 21-26 To Kentucky, attached to Army of the Ohio
March 27 Duty at Paris, Nicholasville, Lancaster, Stanford and Somerset, Ky.
June 4-10 Movement through Kentucky to Cairo, Ill. attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee
June 10-14 To Vicksburg, Miss.
June 14-July 4 Siege of Vicksburg
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss.
July 10-17 Siege of Jackson
July 18-22 Destruction of Mississippi Central Railroad at Madison Station
July 23 At Milldale
July 27 Major Hohle discharged
August 12-22 Moved to Covington, Ky. attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio
August 16-October 17 Burnside’s Campaign in East Tennessee
August 26 Lieutenant Gustav Ranhaus died of disease at Nicholsville, Kentucky
August 27-September 26 March over Cumberland Mountains into East Tennessee
October 10 Action at Blue Springs
October At Lenoir
November 8 Colonel Gerhard was discharged with malaria.
November 16 Campbell’s Station
November 17-
December 4
Siege of Knoxville
November 25 Lt. Colonel Travers was promoted to colonel but not mustered
December 5-24 Pursuit of Longstreet
January Operations in East Tennessee
January 22 Lieutenant Herrman Mentzel was killed in action in East Tennessee
March-April Moved to Annapolis, Md. and attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
April 12 Original members who did not reenlist mustered out in New York.
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 2 wounded

May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 18 Ambrose Stevens commissioned major with rank from May 7
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor

Lieutenant Theodore Markscheffel and 6 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 11 enlisted men were wounded, and 4 missing.

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
May 25 Major Stevens promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 11 Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps
June 16-18
First Assault on Petersburg

Captain Heinrich Ohmes and 12 enisted men were killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenant Philipp Betz, 6 other officers and 23 enlisted men were wounded. Colonel Travers was shot in his right side.

June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
June 30 Lieutenant Colonel Stevens transferred to 123rd New York Infantry as colonel
July 30
Mine Explosion, Petersburg

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 16 enlisted men wounded

August 12 Lieutenant Peter French of the 81st New York Infantry commissioned major
August 18-21
Weldon Railroad

The regiment lost 1 officer and 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 5 enlisted men wounded

September Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps
September 29-

October 2

Poplar Springs Church

The regiment lost 12 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 13 enlisted men wounded, and 31 enlisted men missing or captured

October 8 Reconnaissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road
October 15 Colonel Travers was mustered out.
October 16 Captain Adolphus Becker of Company D was promoted to lieutenant colonel and took command of the regiment.
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Fort Stedman

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 3 wounded

March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Fall of Petersburg

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 14 enlisted men wounded

April 3 Occupation of Petersburg
April 3-7 Pursuit of Lee
April 21-27 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 3 Major French discharged
July 28 Mustered out under Lieutenant Colonel Adolph Becker.