United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Infantry

“Courtland County Regiment”

The 76th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 12 officers and 161 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 156 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Courtland and Albany, N.Y.
January 16 Mustered in under Colonel Nelson W. Green, Lieutenant Colonel John D. Shaul and Major Charles E. Livingston
January 17 Left State for Washington, D.C.
January Duty in the Defenses of Washington D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac
March Assigned to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington. During this time Colonel Green was ordered before an examining court at the behest of the officers of the regiment, and he was ordered to be mustered out of service. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul took command of the regiment.
May Duty at and near Fredericksburg, Va. assigned to Doubleday’s Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock
June Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was ordered to Washington for sick leave, and Colonel William P. Wainwright was apointed to command the regiment.
August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

The regiment lost 1 officer and 36 men killed or mortally wounded, 9 officers and 66 men wounded, and 35 men missing.

August 20-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28
Battle of Brawner’s Farm
Captain Andrew J. Grover was twice wounded and received an honorable discharge for disability, but recovered enough to return and command the regiment at Gettysburg. Major Livingstone was captured rallying the regiment around colors he planted in front of the Confederate lines.

The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker along the Brawner’s Farm loop trail on the Bull Run battlefield.

August 29-30
Second Battle of Bull Run, or Second Battle of Manassas
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, and Colonel Wainwright and 15 men wounded out of only 40 men. Sergeant Stamp was killed while bearing the national colors. After Colonel Wainwright was wounded, First Lieutenant Crandall took command of the remnants of the regiment.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 3 officers and 1 enlisted man wounded.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Hofmann’s Brigade was held in support of the Corps Artillery.
About noon it was moved to the left in support of the Artillery of the First and Second Corps.
In the afternoon it was returned to the right where it remained until the close of the battle.

September-October At Sharpsburg
October 29-November 19 Advance to Falmouth
November 11 Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was honorably discharged on account of physical disability,
November 20 Major Livingston, who had been exchanged for a Confederate naval captain, was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, who had recovered from his wound at South Mountain. It lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted man killed, and 1 officer and 12 men wounded.

January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth and Belle Plains
April Andrew Jackson Grover re-enrolled and mustered as major after recuperating from his wound at Gainsville.
April 27-May 6. Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2
Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek

The regiment lost 1 officer wounded

May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, and lost 2 men wounded.

May Three years men from the 24th and 30th New York Infantry transferred in
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
June 25 Colonel Wainwright was appoited Provost Marshal of the District of Columbia; Lieutenant Colonel Livingston took command of the regiment.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Major Andrew Glover, who was killed on the 1st in fighting near the Railroad Cut west of Gettysburg. Captain John E. Cook then took over command. The regiment brought 375 men to the field and lost Major Grover, Captain Robert B. Everett and 30 men killed, 3 officers and 13 me mortally wounded, 13 officers and 103 men wounded, and 70 men missing.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
Setpember 30 Lieutenant Colonel Livingston was promoted to colonel, with rank from June 25.
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
January Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, then 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 2 officers and 39 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 59 men wounded, and 11 officers and 169 men missing.

May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 35 men wounded, and 3 men missing.

May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 5 men wounded, and 1 man mising

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-18 Before Petersburg

Siege of Petersburg begins. The regiment lost 7 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 20 men wounded

July 1 Companies B, F and K mustered out
August Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
August 18-21
Weldon Railroad

the regiment lost 2 officers and 1 enlisted man killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 6 men wounded, and 24 missing.

September Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church
October 11 Company A mustered out
October 20 Company G mustered out
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
November 8 Company C mustered out
November 18 Company E mustered out
December 1 Company I mustered out
December 7-11 Hicksford Raid
January 1 Company H mustered out
January 28 Company D and Veterans and Recruits transferred to 147th Regiment New York Infantry under Captain Albert J. Jarvis