United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > 76th New York Infantry Regiment

“Courtland County Regiment”

The 76th New York Infantry Regiment lost 12 officers and 161 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 156 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Courtland and Albany, New York.
January 16 Mustered in under the command of Colonel Nelson W. Green, Lieutenant Colonel John D. Shaul and Major Charles E. Livingston.
January 17 Left New York for Washington, D.C.
January Duty in the Defenses of Washington D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac
March Assigned to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington. During this time Colonel Green was ordered before an examining court at the behest of the officers of the regiment, and he was ordered to be mustered out of service. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul took command of the regiment.
May Duty at and near Fredericksburg, Va. assigned to Doubleday’s Brigade, Department of the Rappahannock
June Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was ordered to Washington for sick leave. Colonel William P. Wainwright was apointed to command the regiment.
August 16-
September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

The regiment lost 1 officer and 36 men killed or mortally wounded, 9 officers and 66 men wounded, and 35 men missing.

August 20-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 28

Battle of Brawner’s Farm (Gainesville)

Captain Andrew J. Grover was badly wounded in his back and leg, at first thought to be mortal. He received an honorable discharge for disability, but would recover enough to return and command the regiment at Gettysburg. Major Livingstone was captured rallying the regiment around colors that he planted in front of the Confederate lines.

The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker along the Brawner’s Farm loop trail on the Bull Run battlefield.

August 29-30

Second Battle of Bull Run, or Second Battle of Manassas

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac. 

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

Colonel Wainwright temporarily took command of the Brigade as senior colonel when General Doubleday took over the division. Colonel Wainwright was then badly wounded in the arm.

Lieutenant Chauncey Crandall took temporary command of the regiment. He was with Colonel Wainwright and bandaged his arm when Wainwright was wounded, leading the Colonel to remark at his coolness under fire, “as if he had been in a dozen battles.”   Crandall was later relieved by Captain John W. Young of Company K.

The regiment brought only 40 men to the field but lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, and Colonel Wainwright and 15 men wounded. Sergeant Stamp was killed while bearing the national colors.

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment was under the command of Captain John W. Young. It was in reserve on the Poffenburger farm supporting artillery, but lost 3 officers and 1 enlisted man wounded to artillery fire.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Hofmann’s Brigade was held in support of the Corps Artillery.
About noon it was moved to the left in support of the Artillery of the First and Second Corps.
In the afternoon it was returned to the right where it remained until the close of the battle.

September-October At Sharpsburg
October 29-November 19 Advance to Falmouth
November 11 Lieutenant Colonel Shaul was honorably discharged on account of physical disability.
November 20 Major Livingston, who had been exchanged for a Confederate naval captain, returned to the regiment and was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, who had recovered from his wound at South Mountain. It lost 1 officer and 2 enlisted man killed, and 1 officer and 12 men wounded.

January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth and Belle Plains
April Andrew Jackson Grover re-enrolled and mustered as major after recuperating from his wound at Gainsville.
April 27-May 6.

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29-May 2
Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek

The regiment lost 1 officer wounded.

May 2-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Wainwright, and lost 2 men wounded.

May Three years men from the 24th and 30th New York Infantry transferred in
June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

June 25 Colonel Wainwright was appointed Provost Marshal of the District of Columbia. Lieutenant Colonel Livingston took command of the regiment.
July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The 76th New York Infantry Regiment brought 375 men to Gettysburg. It was commanded by Major Andrew Glover, who was killed on the 1st in fighting near the Railroad Cut west of town. Captain John E. Cook then took over command. The regiment lost Major Grover, Captain Robert B. Everett and 30 men killed, 3 officers and 13 men mortally wounded, 13 officers and 103 men wounded, and 70 men missing.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Virginia.
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
Setpember 30 Lieutenant Colonel Livingston was promoted to colonel, with rank from June 25.
October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

January Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps
February 6-7
Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, then was transferred to the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps when the First Corps was dissolved.
May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 2 officers and 39 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 59 men wounded, and 11 officers and 169 men missing.

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 35 men wounded, and 3 men missing.

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 23

Jericho Ford

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 5 men wounded, and 1 man mising

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June 16-18

Grant’s First Assault on Petersburg

The regiment lost 7 men killed or mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 20 men wounded

June 16-18

Siege of Petersburg

July 1 Companies B, F and K mustered out.
August Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Corps
August 18-21

Weldon Railroad

The 76th New York Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 1 enlisted man killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 6 men wounded, and 24 missing..

September Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church
October 11 Company A mustered out
October 20 Company G mustered out
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
November 8 Company C mustered out
November 18 Company E mustered out
December 1 Company I mustered out
December 7-11 Hicksford Raid
January 1 Company H mustered out
January 28 Company D and Veterans and Recruits transferred to 147th New York Infantry Regiment under the command of Captain Albert J. Jarvis