United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio

“5th German Rgiment”

The Regiment lost 3 officers and 54 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 74 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Camp Taylor, Cleveland, Ohio
September 9 Mustered in under Colonel Seraphim Meyer, Lietenant Colonel Charles Mueller, and Major George Arnold
September 28 Moved to Covington, Ky. and Duty in the Defenses of Cincinnati, Ohio
October 5 At Delaware, Ohio
October 12 Ordered to Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
December 8-15 March to Fredericksburg, Va., to support of Burnside, attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March”
February-April At Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost over 220 casualties. Colonel Meyer was lightly wounded and captured.

May 21 Colonel Meyer paroled and returned to the regiment.
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Seraphim Meyer until he was wounded on July 1st. Captain John M. Lutz then took command.

From the monument:

The 107th Ohio Infantry left Emmitsburg at 8 a.m. and reached Gettysburg at 1 p.m. July 1. Engaged the enemy with their brigade, losing heavily. Subsequently fell back to Cemetery Hill, and there formed in front of Wiedrich’s Battery. Evening of July 2, participated in repulsing the attack of Hays’ Louisiana Brigade, Adjutant P.F. Young capturing the colors of the 8th Louisiana Tigers. July 3 remained on East Cemetery Hill, exposed to fire of sharpshooters and artillery. Early July 4, made a sortie to the town. Number engaged in the battle 400, killed 23, wounded 111, missing 77, total loss 211.

Regimental commanders: Colonel Meyer, Lieut. Col. C. F. Yueller, Captain J.M. Lutz, Major A. Vignos, Captain E. S. Meyer, Lieut. Col. J.S. Cooper.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
July 11-13 Hagerstown, Md.
August 1 Ordered to Dept. of the South and sailed for Folly Island, S.C. attached to the 1st Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South
August 9-September 7 Siege operations against Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C.
September Picket and fatigue duty on Folly Island, S.C., and operating against Charleston, S.C.
January Attached to 2nd Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Folly Island, S. C., Northern District, Dept. of the South
February 6-14 Expedition to Johns and James Islands attached to 1st Brigade, Ames’ Division, District of Florida, Dept. of the South
February 17 After being exonerated by Court Martial for his condct at Gettysburg, where division commander Adelbert Ames believed him to be unsuitable to commend, Colonel Meyer was forced before an examining board that found him to have insufficient knowledge of tactics and of military administrative duties. Meyer resigned his commission due to ill health.
February 23 Moved to Jacksonville, Fla.
April Attached to District of Florida, Dept. of the South
May 1 and 28 Skirmishing near Jacksonville
May 31-June 3 Expedition from Jacksonville to Camp Milton
July-August At Fernandina, Fla.
October Attached to 4th Separate Brigade, District of Florida, Dept. of the South
November Return to Jacksonville and duty there attached to the 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South
December 8 Moved to South Carolina, attached to 3rd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South
December 29 Pocotaligo Bridge
January Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, Northern District, Dept. of the South
January 14-16 Expedition to destroy Charleston & Savannah Railroad
March 10 Occupation of Charleston
April 5-25 Potter’s Expedition to Camden, S.C.; attached to 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, Dept. of the South
April 9-15 Operations about Sumter and Statesburg
April 15 Statesburg
April 17 Occupation of Camden
April 18 Boykin’s Mills
April 19 Denkin’s Mills and Beech Creek, near Statesburg
April-July Provost duty at Georgetown and at Charleston
July 10 Mustered out. Recruits transferred to 25th Ohio Infantry.