United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania


(31st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment)

The 2nd Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves lost 4 officers and 73 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 71 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
Organized at Philadelphia under Colonel William B. Mann, Lieutenant Colonel Albert L. Magilton and Major Horace Neide
May 29 Moved to Easton, Pa.
July 24 To Harrisburg, Pa.
August 28 Moved to Baltimore, then to Sandy Hook, near Harper’s Ferry, Va.
September 25 Ordered to Darnestown, Md. thence to Tennallytown, Md. and join McCall. Attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac.
October 4 Lieutenant Colonel Magilton promoted to colonel of the 4th Pennsylvania Reserves
October 18-21 Moved to Langley, Va. and duty at Camp Pierpont
October 22 Major McCandless promoted to lieutenant colonel
November 1 Colonel Mann resigned.
December 6 Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm
1862
March Reconnaissance toward Dranesville. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 2 Captain George Woodward of Company A promoted to major
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth
April Duty at Fredericksburg attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
June Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 9-11 Moved to White House
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26
Battle of Mechanicsville
June 27
Battle of Gaines Mill
June 29
Battle of Savage Station
June 30
Battle of Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

Major Woodward was wounded and captured and Captain Horace Neide of Company A was wounded

July 1. Battle of Malvern Hill
July At Harrison’s Landing
August 1 Lieutenant Colonel McCandless was promoted to colonel, Captain Patrick McDonough of Company B to major and Captain Horace Neide of Company A to major
August 16-26 Movement to join Pope; attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 29
Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Colonel McCandless was wounded

September 6-24 Maryland Campaign; attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Captain James N. Byrnes. Adjutant Augustus Cross was killed.

There are two War Department markers for Seymour’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield. The first marker is on Mansfield Avenue at Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Briade of Meade’s Division, after its engagement with the enemy of September 16, 1862, bivouacked on either side of the road at this point , with pickets thrown forward in the east woods.

The second marker is on Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Brigade became engaged at daybreak, and advanced on either side of this road into the East Woods, where it became heavily engaged with the enemy.

At the western edge of the East Woods its advance was checked by the enemy, and its ammunition having been exhausted, it was relieved about 7 A. M. by Ricketts’ Division, and withdrawn to the ridge in the rear of Joseph Poffenberger’s.

September Duty in Maryland
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February Ordered to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defenses there attached to 1st Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington
February 20 Major Woodward promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 25 Rejoined Army of the Potomac attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel George A. Woodward.

From the monument: 

July 2nd in the evening charged from the hill in rear to this position and held it until the afternoon of July 3d when the Brigade advanced through the woods to the front and left driving the enemy and capturing many prisoners.

Present at Gettysburg, 24 officers and 243 men. Killed and died of wounds, 9 men. Wounded, 8 offices and 25 men. Captured or missing, 1 man.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
Aust 24 Lieutenant Colonel Woodward transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 28 Major McDonough promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Richard Ellis of Company D promoted to major
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
1864
May, Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21 Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 8
Laurel Hill

Colonel McCandless was wounded

May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19 Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1 Left the front to muster out
June 16 Mustered out under Colonel McCandless, Lieutenant Colonel Patrick McDonough and Major Richard Ellis