United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts

The 16th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 16 officers and 134 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 93 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

June 29 Organized at Camp Cameron, Cambridge, under the common of Colonel Powell T. Wyman.
August 17 Left State for Old Point Comfort, Va. and attached to Fortress Monroe, Dept. of Virginia
September 1 Garrison duty at Fortress Monroe, Va.
May Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of Virginia
May 10 Occupation of Norfolk
May 17 Moved to Suffolk
June 13 Joined Army of the Potomac at Fair Oaks, attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 18 Nine-Mile Road, near Richmond
June 23 Captain Gardner Banks of Company H was promoted to major. He was the brother of Major General Nathaniel Banks
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 25 Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks
June 30
White Oak Swamp and Glendale

Colonel Powell was killed.

July 1 & August 5 Malvern Hill
July 14 1st Lieutenant Thomas R. Tannatt, USA, was appointed colonel of the 16th Massachusetts.
August 10 – 15 Duty at Harrison’s Landing
August 15-26 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 27 Bristoe Station, Kettle Run
August 29 Battles of Groveton
August 30
Bull Run
September 1 Chantilly
September 2 Duty at Fort Lyon and at Fairfax Station, Defenses of Washington
September 30 Major Banks was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 30 At Munson’s Hill
November 2 At Fairfax Station
November 10-12 Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad
December Rappahannock Campaign
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 29 Colonel Tannatt transferred to command of the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. Lieutenant Colonel Banks was promoted to colonel.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
January – April At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The 16th Massachusetts was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Waldo Merriam until he was wounded on July 2. Capt. Matthew Donovan then took over the regiment. The regiment brought 307 men to the field, losing 15 killed, 53 wounded and 13 missing.

July 23 Wapping Heights, Va,
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
September 2 Colonel Banks was discharged for disability due to inflammatory rheumatism, chronic diarrhea, and malarial poisoning.
November 7-8 Advance to the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Payne’s Farm
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps
February – May Duty near Brandy Station
May Assiged to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House
May 19
Harris’ Farm (Fredericksburg Road)
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23-24 Ox Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16-July 11 Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 11 Left front for muster out. Veterans and Recruits transferred to the 11th Massachusetts Infantry.
July 27, Mustered out