United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts

The 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment lost 9 officers and 232 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 241 enlisted men to disease durng the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument on the Harris Farm battlefield near Spotsylvania Court House.

July 5 Organized as 14th Massachusetts Infantry under the command of Colonel William B. Greeneand Major Levi P. Wright.
January 1 Designation changed to 1st Heavy Artillery. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington with garrison duty in the Defenses of Washington at Forts Albany, Runyon, Scott, Richardson, Barnard, Craig and Tillinghast
May Whipple’s Brigade, Military District of Washington
June 10 Major Wright was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
August 23 Moved to Cloud’s Mills
August 26-30 March to Manassas. Va.,
September Return to Washington and garrison Forts Albany, Craig, Tillinghast, Woodbury and DeKalb, Defenses South of the Potomac
October Companies B, C, H and I attached to Defenses of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
October 11 Colonel Greene resigned.
October 27 Companies C, H and I detached September 27, 1862, and moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
December Regiment attached to Artillery, District of Alexandria, Defenses of Washington
December 23 Company B ordered to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. and garrison duty there
December 28 Colonel Thomas R. Tannatt of the 16th Massachusetts Infantry transferred to command of the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment. Captain Nathaniel Shatswell of Company A was promoted to major.
February Regiment attached to Artillery, District of Alexandria, 22nd Army Corps
March Companies B, C, H and I attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
April Regiment attached to 1st Brigade, DeRussy’s Division, 22nd Army Corps
June Companies B, C, H and I attached to Maryland Brigade, French’s Command, 8th Army Corps
June 10 Company I moved to Winchester
June 13-15 Company I participated in the Battle of Winchester and retreat to Harper’s Ferry.
June 16-July 1 Company I: Defense of Harper’s Ferry
July Companies B, C, H and I attached to Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
July 1-2 Company I: Evacuation of Harper’s Ferry and march to Frederick, Md
July 11-22 Company I on duty with Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
July 22 Company I moved to Harper’s Ferry and duty there
August Companies B, C, H and I attached to Maryland Heights Division, Dept. of West Virginia
December 1 Company I ordered to Washington and rejoin Regiment.
April Regiment attached to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy’s Division, 22nd Army Corps
May The regiment was attached to 2nd Brigade, Tyler’s Heavy Artillery Division, Army of the Potomac
May 15-16 Moved to Join Army of the Potomac at Belle Plain, Va. to fight as infantry. Attached to the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
May 19-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

Major Shatswell was wounded in the head by an artillery shell.

May 19
Battle of Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road

The regiment formed line of battle and fought for four hours agains Ewell’s Second Corps, defending the right flank of the army and Fredericksburg Road.

From the monument on the Harris Farm battlefield:

In commemoration of the deeds of the First Regiment Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers (Armed as Infantry) three hundred and ninety eight of whose members fell within an hour around this spot during an action fought May 19, 1864 between a division of the Union Army commanded by General Tyler and a corps of the Confederate forces under General Ewell.

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 16-19
First Assault on Petersburg

Colonel Tannatt was wounded by a gunshot to the head and Major Shatswell was wounded in the right side.

June 16
Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 15 Colonel Tannatt resigned
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains
September 29 –
October 2
Peeble’s Farm
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 7-12 Expedition to Weldon Railroad
January 26 Lieutenant Colonel Wight was promoted to colonel. He was detached as Superintendent of Military Railroads in Tennessee for much of 1864 and 1865. Major Shatswell was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was then promoted to colonel on January 27 but was not mustered.
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 13 Colonel Shatswell, who had not been mustered in the rank, was breveted colonel for faithful and meritorious services.
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 31 Crow’s House
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge, Farmville
April 9 Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
April 11-13 March to Burkesville and duty there
May 2-15 March to Washington
May 15 Attached to Defenses of Washington, 22nd Army Corps; Camp at Bailey’s Cross Roads
May 23 Duty at Forts Ethan, Allen and Marcy
June 15 Grand Review
June 27 Duty at Forts C. F. Smith and Strong
July 19 Duty at Fort Bunker Hill
August 16 Mustered out
August 25 Discharged at Gallop’s Island, Boston Harbor