The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 6 officers and 171 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 34 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. Nine of its members attained the rank of general. The regiment is honored by a monument on the Second Bull Run battlefield at Manassas.
|April 23||Organized at New York City and accepted by the State of New York|
|Mustered in for two years United States service at Fort Schuyler, New York harbor under Colonel Abram Duryee, Lieutenant Colonel Gouverneur Warren and Major J. Mansfield Davies.|
|May 23||Left State for Fortress Monroe, Va.|
|May 25||Arrived for duty at Newport News, Va.; Attached to Pierce’s Brigade, Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia|
Action at Big Bethel
The regiment lost 7 men killed or mortally wounded and 12 men wounded.
|July 26||Moved to Baltimore, Md. and duty there attached to Dix’s Division|
|August 15||Major Davies resigned to become colonel of the 2nd New York Cavalry|
|August 17||Captain Hiram Duryea of Company E was promoted to major|
|August 31||Colonel Duryee was promoted to Brigadier General. Lieutenant Colonel Gouverneur Warren was promoted to Colonel and Major Hiram Duryee to lieutenant colonel.|
|September 3||Captain Harmon D. Hull of Company A was promoted to major|
|November 14-22||Expedition through Accomac and Northampton Counties, Va.|
|March||Attached to Sykes’ Infantry (Reserve), Army of the Potomac|
|April 11||Moved to the Peninsula, Va.|
|April 15-May 4||
Siege of Yorktown, Va.
The regiment lost 2 men wounded
|May 26||Reconnaissance to near Hanover Court House|
Hanover Court House
One man was wounded
|May 27-29||Operations about Hanover Court House|
|June 5||New Bridge|
|June 13-15||Operations against Stuart|
|June 13||Old Church|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven days before Richmond
The regiment lost 2 officers and 51 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 92 men wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men missing out of 450 men engaged
|June 26||Battle of Mechanicsville|
|June 27||Battle of Gaines Mill|
|June 30||White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bend|
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July||Duty at Harrison’s Landing|
|August 15-28||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville|
|August 28-September 2||Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
Second Battle of Bull Run
Major Hiram Duryea was forced to return home with malaria. The regiment was commanded by Captain Cleveland Winslow. Its small two-regiment brigade under Colonel Gouverner Warren was deployed in a sacrificial delaying act on Pope’s left flank in the face of Longstreet’s overwhelming attack. It lost 4 officers and 115 men killed or mortally wounded, 6 officers and 131 men wounded, and 41 men missing out of 490 men engaged.
“the regiment faced a musketry fire which cut down one third of its men and won praises from all who witnessed its remarkable efficiency and drill while in the thickest of that fight. It was in that battle that after having received several deadly volleys it paused at one time, while still under fire, to count off anew so that its movements might not be deranged by the absence of the fallen men.”
From the monument:
Here, about 4 p.m. August 30, 1862, the regiment, 482 strong, supported Hazlett’s Battery, “D” 5th U.S. Artillery, when attacked by a Division of the victorious Confederates. The Regiment stubbornly withstood this force, and checked its advance, until the Battery had withdrawn.
In holding this position, the regiment suffered the greatest loss of life sustained by any infantry regiment, in any battle, during the entire Civil War.
The casualties were: killed or mortally wounded, 124; wounded 223. Both color bearers, and seven out of eight of the color guard were killed; but the colors were brought with honor, off the field.
|September 3||Major Hiram Duryea was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign|
Commanded by Captain Cleveland Winslow, the regiment was in reserve and not engaged.
One man wounded
|September 29-30||Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Duryea, still absent sick, was promoted to colonel, Major Hull to lieutenant colonel and Captain Cleveland Winslow of Company E to major.|
|September- October||Duty in Maryland|
|October 29-November 19||Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|November 12||Colonel Hiram Duryea resigned|
|December 4||Major Winslow was promoted to colonel and Captain George Duryea of Company I was promoted to major|
Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment lost 2 men wounded and 3 missing
|December 30||Lieutenant Colonel Hull resigns to become colonel of the 165th New York Infantry|
|December 31||Major Duryea promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|May 1-5||Battle of Chancellorsville|
|May 14||Mustered out, expiration of term, at New York City under Colonel Cleveland Winslow and Lt. Colonel George Duryea. Two hundred thirty recruits were assigned to 146th New York Infantry.|