United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania


(40th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment)

The 11th Pennsylvania Reserves lost 11 officers and 185 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 113 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War. It lost 19 officers and 260 enlisted men wounded and 31 officers and 727 enlisted men captured or missing. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
May – June Recruited in Cambria, Indiana, Butler, Fayette, Armstrong, Westmoreland and Jefferson Counties. Organized at Camp Wright, near Pittsburg, under Colonel Thomas Gallagher, Lieutenant Colonel James Porter and Major Samuel Jackson
June 24 Moved to Harrisburg, Pa.
June 25 To Baltimore, Maryland. Bivouacked on Federal Hill.
June 26 To Washington, D.C.
June 29 Mustered into United States service. Attached to 2nd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
August 2 Duty at Tennallytown, Maryland
September Picket at Great Falls, Maryland
October 10 At Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.
October 24 Lt. Colonel Porter resigns due to physical disability. Major Jackson promoted to lieutenant colonel
November 1 Captain Robert Litzinger of Company A promoted to major
December 6 Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm. Two spies and 57 wagons loaded with grain were captured.
1862
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 1 Major Litzinger resigns due to illness
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth. Attached to 2nd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
April-May Duty at Manassas Junction, Catlett’s Station, and Falmouth
May 17 Adjutant Peter Johns promoted to major
June 9-12 Moved to White House and attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26
Battle of Mechanicsville 

Deployed as skirmishers but not actively engaged

June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill

The regiment fought fiercely in dense woods much of the day and was unaware the rest of the Union line had retreated. Along with the 4th New Jersey Infantry, it found itself surrounded and hopelessly outnumbered and was forced to surrender. Captain Porter’s Company B had been detached for fatigue duty earlier in the battle and escaped capture.Captain Andrew Lewis, Lieutenant Newton Redic, Sergeants James Christie and Cyrus Rankin and Corporals John Dunbar, Silas Amberson, David Stuart and 39 other enlisted men were killed. Sergeant Richard Fair mortally wounded and Captain James Speer and 107 other men were wounded.

June 30
Battle of Charles City Cross Roads, Glendale

The regiment consisted of Captain Porter’s Company B, reinforced to just over one hundred men by the return of detachments. It lost 9 killed and 15 wounded.Corporal Charles Shambaugh was awarded the Medal of Honor for capturing the flag of the 11th Alabama Infantry, and Corporal Howard Henderson was awarded the Medal of Honor for being three times wounded in action and, while pursuing a Confederate sharpshooter and encoutering two others, bayoneting them all.

July 1 Battle of Malvern Hill
July At Harrison’s Landing
August 5 The enlisted men captured at Gaines’ Mill were exchanged at Aiken’s Landing.
August 12 The officers captured at Gaines’ Mill were exchanged
August 16-26 Movement to join Pope. The regiment was under the command of Lt. Colonel Jackson as Colonel Gallagher was sick in the hospital at Fortress Monroe. It marched seventy miles via Kelly’s Ford and Warrenton to Gainsville, and was attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia.
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

The regiment fought the Fifth Texas Infantry until outflanked and forced to withdraw. Sergeants Patrick Hanlin and Samuel Chrisley and 12 other men were killed and Captain William Stewart, Adjutant McCoy and Lieutenants Coder, Jones, Johnson and Kennedy were wounded

September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac. Colonel Gallagher took over command of the brigade, leaving Lt. Colonel Jackson in command of the regiment.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

Captain Evans Brady, Lieuteant Walter Jackson, Sergeant James Johnson and 12 other men were killed, Captain Nathaniel Nesbitt mortally wounded and Colonel Gallagher, Captain Bierer, and Lieutenant J. S. Kennedy were wounded

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Sergeant George Gourley and six other men were killed, Captain Daniel Kistler and Lieutenant John Kuhn died of wounds and Sergeant William Kuhns and 14 other men were wounded out of less than two hundred engaged.

September-October Duty in Maryland. A detached detail of over 150 enlisted men that had been left at Fort Monroe finally rejoined the regiment, bringing its effective strength to near 400.
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12 Colonel Gallagher discharged for disability due to his wound from South Mountain
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 112 casualties out of the 394 men engaged. Sergeant Major John Hill and Sergeant William Kuhns were killed, Captain William Stewart and Sergeant William Evans were mortally wounded and Captain James Speer was wounded.

1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Moved to Washington, D. C. for duty there and at Alexandria. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Corps; Dept. of Washington
March 30 Major Johns resigns
April 10 Lt. Colonel Jackson promoted to colonel
May 14 Captain Daniel Porter of Company B promoted to lieutenant colonel
May 28 Captain James Speer of Company G promoted to major
June 25 Ordered to rejoin Army of the Potomac in the field attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Samuel M. Jackson.

From the monument:

July 2nd in the evening charged from the hill in rear to this position and held it until the afternoon of July 3rd when the Brigade advanced through the woods to the front and left driving the enemy and capturing many prisoners.

Present at Gettysburg 25 officers and 367 men. Killed 1 officer* and 4 men. Wounded 2 officers and 33 men.

*Lieutenant J. O’Harra Woods was killed and Lt. Colonel Porter and Lieutenants Fulton and Jones wounded.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August Duty on the Rapidan
August 27 Major Speer discharged for disability for wounds
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 28 Adjutant Robert McCoy promoted to major
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock, attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December Duty at Alexandria
1864
March 10 Lt. Colonel Porter resigned
March 21 Major McCoy promoted to lieutenant colonel
March 25 Captain James Burke of Company A promoted to major
April 29 Left Bristoe Station and marched to Culpeper Court House
May 4-30 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Captain Daniel Jones was killed and Lieutenant Archibald Stewart mortally wounded

May 8-21 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-30 Totopotomoy
May 30 The regiment left the front. Veterans were transferred to the 119th Pennsylvania Infantry
June 13 Mustered out under Colonel Jackson, Lt. Colonel McCoy and Major Burke