The 7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment was formed in the spring of 1861 in the Shenandoah Valley and surrendered in April of 1865 at Appomattox Court House. It at one time had 27 companies until it was divided into two regiments and a battalion in June of 1862.
|Spring||Organized in the Shenandoah Valley for one year state service under Colonel Angus W. Macdonald (West Point Class of 1817)|
|July 1||Transferred to Confederate service.|
|July 21||The regiment successfully screened Johnston’s army at Winchester as it slipped away from Patterson to join Confederate forces at Manassas.|
|July 23||Turner Ashby was appointed lieutenant colonel|
|September||Colonel McDonald was forced to resign due to severe rheumatism. Colonel William E. Jones (West Point Class of 1848) of the 1st Virginia Cavalry failed election and was appointed colonel of the 7th Virginia Cavalry.|
|September 23||Hanging Rock Pass|
|October||Assigned to Cavalry, Army of the Valley District|
|October 16||Bolivar Heights (four companies)|
|November 13||Chew’s Horse Artillery Battery organized as part of the regiment under the command of Captain R. Preston Chew.|
|March||Colonel Jones was promoted to brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Ashby was promoted to colonel.|
|May – June||
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Assigned to Cavalry, Jackson’s Division, Army of the Valley District. The regiment mustered 27 infantry and cavalry companies. Colonel Ashby was appointed brigadier general on May 23 but was killed before he could be confirmed
Colonel Ashby was killed leading a charge against the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves. Colonel Richard H. Dulany took command of the regiment
The regiment was reorganized.
Captain C. Marshall was elected major.
|August||Assigned to Robertson’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|August-November||Assigned to Robertson’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
Orange Court House
Major Thomas C. Marshall was captured.
Battle of Cedar Mountain
|August 30||Lewis’s Ford|
Captain Myers led a “gallant” charge that saved two guns of Chew’s Battery from capture by the 3rd Indiana Cavalry.
The regiment was commanded by Captain Samuel B. Myers.
From the marker for Munford’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
The 2nd and 12th Virginia Cavalry reached the field on September 16 and took position on the extreme right of the Army of Northern Virginia, to cover the lower crossing of the Antietam. The 7th Virginia took position, on the evening of the 16th, on the Hagerstown Pike, northwest of Sharpsburg. It joined the Brigade on the right on the 17th. The Brigade remained on the right until the close of the battle.
|October 30||Major Thomas Marshall was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Myers was promoted to major.|
|December||Assigned to Robertson’s-Jones’s Cavalry Brigade, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia|
|January 2-5||Expedition to Morefield and Petersburg|
|April 20-May 21||
Jones’s and Imboden’s Raid
|April 25||Greenland Gap|
|May||Assigned to Jones’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C.A. Marshall, Jr.
|September||Assigned to Jones’s-Rosser’s Brigade, Hampton’s-Butler’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
|October 7||Utz’s Ford|
Mine Run Campaign
|May 28||Battle of Haw’s Shop|
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C.A. Marshall was wounded.
|September 16-17||Moved to the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to Rosser’s Brigade, F. Lee’s Division, Army of the Valley|
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C.A. Marshall was killed at Luray.
|October||Major Thomas J. Berry of the 60th Georgia became Acting Colonel of the regiment.|
|November 28||New Creek|
|January||Major Samuel B. Myers died of illness due to exhaustion and exposure|
|March||Assigned to Dearing’s Brigade, Rosser’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|