(37th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment)
The 8th Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves lost 5 officers and 153 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 68 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Antietam.
|July||Organized at Camp Wright, near Pittsburg, from companies recruited but not accepted for three months service, under Colonel George S. Hays, M.D., Lieutenant Colonel S. D. Oliphant and Major John W. Duncan|
|July 20||Ordered to Washington, D.C., travelling by rail to harrisburg and then Baltimore|
|July 23||Arrived in Washington and camped on Meridian Hill|
|August 2||Ordered to Reserve Camp at Tennallytown, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac|
|September 4||Skirmish at Great Falls|
|October||At Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.|
|November 21||Major Duncan resigned|
|December 7||Captain Jesee B. Gardner of Company G promoted to major|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|April 9-19||McDowell’s advance on Falmouth|
|April-May||Duty at Fredericksburg attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, then to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|May 23||Major Gardner was dismissed|
|June 4||Captain Silas Baily of Company I was promoted to major|
|June 9-11||Moved to White House and attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
Battles of Mechanicsville
Over one hundred men were killed and wounded and Company F was captured, having been detailed to the skirmish line and not being recalled.
The regiment lost 24 men killed and 18 bdly wounded. Major Baily and Captains Carter, Gallupe Johnson and Wishart were wounded,
Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale
The regiment lost 16 killed and 14 badly wounded. Colonel Hays was injured when his hose was killed.
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|July 11||Colonel Hays resigned|
|August 16-26||Movement to join Pope, attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia|
|August 28||Battles of Gainesville|
Second Battle of Bull Run
The regiment lost 5 killed, 17 wounded and 30 missing out of less than one hundred engaged.
|September 6-24||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of South Mountain
The regiment lost 17 killed, including Lieutenant Carter, and 37 wounded.
The regiment was commanded at Antietam by Major Silas M. Baily. It lost 12 men killed and 43 wounded.
From the regiment’s monument on Mansfield Avenue:
Advanced about 600 yards south and became engaged with Hood’s Confederate Division
|September -October||Duty in Maryland|
|October 30-November 19||Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment lost 28 killed, 86 wounded, and 22 captured. Adjutant Ingraham and Lieutenant Miller were killed and Colonel Baily, Captains H. C. Dawson, J. Eichelberger, R. E. Johnston, William Lemon and J. M. Kent, and Lieutenants S. B. Bennington, J. A. Diebold, H. H. Maquilken, Samuel McCandless, and James M. Owen were wounded.
|December 29||Lieutenant Colonel Oliphant resigned|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February 6||Ordered to Washington, D.C. and duty there and at Alexandria. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Corps, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington|
|March 1||Major Baily was promoted to colonel|
|March 10||Captain Lemon was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Robert E. Johnston of Company B to major|
|April||Attached to District of Alexandria, 22nd Corps|
|Septembe 16||Major Johnston resigned|
|November 2||Captain George S. Gallupe of Company C was promoted to major|
|April||Rapidan Campaign. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment lost 6 killed and 27 wounded.
The regiment lost 3 killed and 16 wounded.
|May 17||Left the front to muster out|
|May 24||Mustered out under Colonel Baily, Lieutenant Colonel Lemon and Major Gallupe|