The 19th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 14 officers and 147 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 133 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|August 28||Organized at Lynnfield under Colonel Edward W. Hinks (formerly colonel of the 8th Massachusetts Infantry) Lt. Colonel Arthur Devereux (former captain in the same regiment) and Major Henry How|
|August 30||Left State for Washington, D.C. via Philadelphia; attached to Lander’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac|
|September 12||Camp at Meridian Hill|
|September 12-15||Moved to Poolesville, Md. and guard duty on the Upper Potomac|
|October||Assigned to Lander’s Brigade, Stone’s (Sedgwick’s) Division, Army of the Potomac|
|October 21-24||Operations on the Potomac|
|October 21||Action at Ball’s Bluff|
|December 4||Moved to Muddy Run|
|March||Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 12-15||Moved to Harper’s Ferry, thence to Charlestown and Berryville March|
|March 24||Ordered to Washington, D.C.|
|March 27||To the Peninsula|
|April 5-May 4||Siege of Yorktown|
|May 7-8||West Point|
|May 31-June 1||Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines|
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
Oak Grove, near Fair Oaks
Lieutenant Warner and several enlisted men were killed and Lieutenant J. H. Rice and around 60 enlisted men wounded.
|June 29||Peach Orchard and Savage Station|
White Oak Swamp and Glendale
Colonel Hincks and Captain Devereux (Lt. Colonel Devereux’s brother) were wounded and Major How and Lieutenant David Lee killed. Captain Edmund Rice took command of the regiment.
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July 8 – August 15||Harrison’s Landing|
|August 15-28||Movement to Alexandria|
|August 24-28||Moved on the steamship Atlantic to Alexandria|
|August 28-31||To Fairfax C. H.|
|Cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run|
Colonel Hinks resumed command
|September 14||Battle of South Mountain (Reserve)|
Colonel Hinks was the first to fall, seriously wounded, leaving Lt. Colonel Devereux in command. Devereux was ill and exercised command for only a short time before turning it over to Captain Harrison G. O. Weymouth. Captain George W. Batchelder was killed.
From the brigade marker at Antietam:
Dana’s Brigade, following Gorman’s in column of attack, passed through the East Woods, crossed the Cornfield and the Hagerstown Pike, about 50 yards in rear of Gorman, and entered the West Woods, where its advance was checked about 40 yards east of this point.
Its left flank having been attacked and turned, by McLaws’ and Walker’s Divisions, it was compelled to retire.
A portion of the Brigade, with the 1st Minnesota Infantry, occupied a line near the Nicodemus house which it held for a time until, its flank having been again turned, it retired to the woods and fields east of the Hagerstown Pike.
|September 22||Moved to Harper’s Ferry|
|October 30-November 17||Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|November 29||Colonel Hincks, still on convalescent leave, promoted to brigadier general|
Battle of Fredericksburg
The regiment was a “forlorn hope” to cross the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg. Lieutenant Colonel Devereux was still very sick in camp, so the regiment was commanded by Captain Harrison G.O. Weyouth, who was badly wounded, losing his leg.
|Decmber – April||Duty at Falmouth, Va.|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|May 1||Lieutenant Colonel Devereux promoted to colonel|
|May 3||Maryes’ Heights. Fredericksburg|
|May 3-4||Salem Heights|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Arthur F. Devereaux. It brought 231 men to the field, losing 9 killed, 61 wounded and 7 missing.
Colonel Devereaux noted that the opening shot of the artillery barrage preceding Pickett’s Charge struck Lieutenant S.S. Robinson of the 19th, “cutting his body nearly in two, killing him instantly.” While there is no doubt of Robinson’s death, there are four other contradictory accounts of the first shot, including one by the 19th’s own Lieutenant J.B.G. Adams, who claimed to have had the shot pass over him while lying in a field hospital just behind the lines.*
From one of a series of iron signs on the south side of the Copse of Trees (below right):
Nineteenth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. The position of this regiment in line of battle was 119 yards S.S.E. and is represented by its monument. The 19th Massacusetts and 42d New York Regiments were the first troops to attack Pickett’s Division in flank. “Passing at this time Colonel Devereux, commanding the 19th Massachusetts Volunteers, anxious to be in the right place, appled to me for permission to move his regiment to the right and to the front where the line had been broken.” – Hancock’s official report.
Major Edmund Rice was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at the height of Pickett’s Charge, when he led a countercharge into Confederate attackers who had broken the Union lines, holding them in check with a thin line of men for several minutes until reinforcements arrived to turn the tide. He fell severly wounded, the officer nearest the enemy.
The regiment captured the colors of the 14th, 19th, 53rd and 57th Virginia Infantry Regiments.
*From George R. Stewart, Pickett’s Charge: A Microhistory of the Final Attack at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, p126
|September 13-17||Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|October 14||Bristoe Station|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|Mine Run Campaign|
|November 27||Robertson’s Tavern, or Locust Grove|
|December – May||At Stevensburg|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|February 27||Colonel Devereux resigned|
|March||Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps|
|May-June||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James|
|May 5-7||Battle of the Wilderness|
|May 8||Laurel Hill|
|May 8-21||Battle of Spottsylvania Court House|
|May 10||Po River|
|May 12||Assault on the Salient|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|June 16-18||Before Petersburg|
|June 16||Siege of Petersburg begins|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road|
|July 27-29||Demonstration north of the James|
|July 27-28||Deep Bottom|
|August 14-18||Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom|
|August 25||Ream’s Station|
|October 27-28||Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|March 25||Watkin’s House|
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
|March 31||Crow’s House|
|April 2||Fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
|April 7||High Bridge and Farmville|
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 10 – May 2||At Burkesville|
|May 2-13||March to Washington|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|May 24 – June 30||Duty at Washington|
|June 30||Mustered out|