The two versions of the 1st Michigan Infantry Regiment lost 15 officers and 172 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 149 enlisted men to disease, a total of 337.

The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

From the monument:

Total enrollment 2144 officers and men. Killed in action officers 12, men 135. Died of wounds officers 6, men 22. Died of disease, officers 1, men 95. Total 252. From the first to the last. Entry into Virginia and capture of Alexandria May 24, 1861 to Appomattox April 8, 1865. Participated in 54 skirmishes and general engagements.

1st Michigan Infantry Regiment (3 months service)

May 1 Organized at Fort Wayne, Detroit, Mich., and mustered into United States service (the only three-months Regiment from Michigan) under Colonel Orlando Wilcox, Lieutenant Colonel Loren L. Comstock and Major Alonzo Bidwell
May 13 Left State for Washington, D.C.
May 16 Arrived in Washington late in the evening, the first western regiment to reach Washington. Assigned to the Department of Washington.
May 24 Crosssed the Potomac via the Long Bridge and occupied Arlington Heights, Va.
June 1 Action at Arlington Mills (Co. “E”) Attached to Willcox’s Brigade, Heintzelman’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia
July 16-21 Advance on Manassas, Va.
July 21
Battle of Bull Run

Commanded by Major Bidwell while Colonel Wilcox commanded the brigade. The regiment went into action with 25 officers and 475 enlisted men and lost 6 killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 33 enlisted men wounded and 65 men missing. Captain Eben Butterworth and Lieutenants Bernard Mauch and John Casey were mortally wounded and captured by the 28th Virginia Infantry. Captain Charles Lum and Lieutenant Hiram Warner were wounded.

Colonel Wilcox was wounded leading several charges during the battle, for which he received the Medal of Honor. Captain William Withington of Company B was also awarded the Medal of Honor for staying on the field and succoring Wilcox. He was wounded and taken prisoner, but was exchanged and went on to become the colonel of the 17th Michigan Infantry.

August 7 Mustered out under Major Bidwell.

1st Michigan Infantry Regiment (3 years service)

June-September Organized at Detroit under Colonel John C. Robinson, Lt. Colonel Horace Roberts and Major Franklin Whittlesey.
September 16 Mustered in and left State for Washington, D.C.; Attached to Hooker’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac
October Duty at Bladensburg, Md. and at Annapolis Junction guarding Washington & Baltimore Railroad. Attached to 1st Brigade, Hooker’s Division, Army of the Potomac
February Railroad Brigade, Army of the Potomac
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March Duty at Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe, Va.
April 28 Colonel Robinson was promoted to brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Roberts was promoted to colonel
May Attached to Robinson’s Brigade, Dept. of Virginia
June Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps.
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond, Va.
June 26
Battles of Mechanicsville
June 27
Gaines Mill

Colonel Roberts wounded

June 29 Peach Orchard and Savage Station
June 30 Glendale and Turkey Bridge
July 1 Malvern Hill, then at Harrison’s Landing
August 16-27 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville, Va.
August 28 Gainesville
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Colonel Roberts was killed

September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam
September 19 Shepherdstown Ford
September 20 Shepherdstown
October 29 – November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg, Va
December 29-30 Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards and Ellis Fords, Rappahannock River


January 20-24 “Mud March”
January – April At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The Regiment was commanded by Colonel Ira C. Abbott, who was wounded on July 2nd. Lieutenant Colonel William A. Throop then took command despite also being wounded.

From the monument:

Present for duty 21 officers 240 men, total 261. Killed 1 officer 4 men. Wounded 6 officers 27 men. Missing 4 men. Total 42.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap
July 27 –
September 17
At Warrenton and Beverly Ford
September 18 Provost duty at Culpeper
October 11-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26 –
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December 3 Duty near Culpeper


February 23 Re-enlisted as Veterans
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps
May 4-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Mills
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 18-21 Six-Mile House, Weldon Railroad
September 29 – October 2 Poplar Springs Church
October 27-28 Boydton Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 7-12 Warren’s Expedition to Weldon Railroad
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29 Junction, Quaker and Boydton Roads
March 29 Lewis’ Farm, near Gravelly Run
March 30-31 White Oak Road
April 1 Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army

May 16 Duty at City Point, Va.
May 16-18 Moved to Alexandria
May 23 Grand Review
June 16 Ordered to Louisville, Ky.
July 9 Mustered out at Jeffersonville, Indiana