United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


(42nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment)
“First Rifles” “Bucktails”

The 13th Pennsylvania Reserves lost 11 officers and 151 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 88 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg, where there is also a monument to Colonel Taylor at the spot where he was killed.

1861
April – June Organized at Harrisburg under Colonel Charles Biddle, Lt. Colonel Thomas L. Kane, and Major Roy Stone
June 21 Moved by rail to Hopewell, then marched 23 miles to Bedford Springs. a point opposite Cumberland, Md.
June 27 Marched 40 miles to the Maryland – Pennsylvania state line and established Camp Mason and Dixon to support General Lew Wallace.
July 7 Marched to Cumberland to protect the property of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
July 12 Lt. Colonel Kane led a scouting party of 60 men into Virginia, fighting a skirmish at New Creek Village
July 27 Returned to Harrisburg and reviewed by Governor Curtin
August 1 Ordered to Harper’s Ferry and assigned to George H. Thomas’ Brigade, Banks’ Division
October 1 Moved to Tennallytown, Md. and attached to 2nd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
October 10 Moved from Tennallytown, Md., to Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.
October 20 Expedition to Hunter’s Mills under Lt. Colonel Kane (Companies A, G, H, I and K)
December 6 Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm
December 12 Colonel Biddle resigned to take his seat in Congress.
December 20
Action at Dranesville

Two men were killed and Lt. Colonel Kane and 25 other men wounded

1862
January 22 Captain Hugh McNeil of Company D was elected to colonel, as Lt. Colonel Kane was still in the hospital from his Dranesville wound
March 7 By order of General McClellan, Companies C, G, H & I were placed under Lt. Colonel Kane to be trained in tactics that he had devised
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. Major Stone commanded the six companies of the regiment that were not detached under Lt. Colonel Kane, as Colonel McNeil was absent sick
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
April-June Duty at Fredericksburg
May 12 Cos. C, G, H and I  were attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock. They are often referred to as the 1st Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion.
Companies A, B, D, E, F & K (June-August 1862)
June 6
Harrisonburg

The regiment lost 52 casualties. Colonel Kane was wounded and captured, and Captain Taylor captured while attempting to bring Kane off the field

June 9-12 Moved to White House and attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26 Battle of Mechanicsville and Meadow Bridge, near Mechanicsville
June 27 Battle of Gaines Mill
June 29 Battle of Savage Station
June 30 Battle of Charles City Cross Roads or Glendale
July 1 Battle of Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-26 Movement to Join Pope. attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 28 Battle of Gainesville
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30 Battle of Bull Run
Companies C, G, H and I while attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade (June-August 1862)
May 15 Reported to Colonel Bayard
May 25-June 6 Pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley
June 1 Harrisonburg
June 2 Strasburg
June 2 Strasburg and Staunton Road
June 3 Woodstock
June 3 Mount Jackson. Attached to 1st Corps, Army of Virginia
June 6-7 Harrisonburg
June 8 Cross Keys
August 16-September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 22 Catlett’s Station
August 29 Major Stone was promoted to colonel of the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
August 30-31 Bull Run Bridge
September 7 Rejoined Regiment

Regiment reunited

September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. Colonel Kane was promoted to brigadier general September 6
September 14 Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Colonel McNeil was mortally wounded on the evening of September 16 leading the regiment in heavy skirmishing after crossing Antietam Creek. Captain Dennis McGee took command of the regiment when Colonel McNeal fell.

There are two War Department markers for Seymour’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield. The first marker is on Mansfield Avenue at Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Briade of Meade’s Division, after its engagement with the enemy of September 16, 1862, bivouacked on either side of the road at this point , with pickets thrown forward in the east woods.

The second marker is on Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Brigade became engaged at daybreak, and advanced on either side of this road into the East Woods, where it became heavily engaged with the enemy.

At the western edge of the East Woods its advance was checked by the enemy, and its ammunition having been exhausted, it was relieved about 7 A. M. by Ricketts’ Division, and withdrawn to the ridge in the rear of Joseph Poffenberger’s.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Ordered to Washington, D.C. and duty there and at Alexandria attached to 1st Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserve Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington
March 1 Captain Charles Taylor of Company H promoted to colonel and Captain Alanson Niles of Company E to major
May 15 Major Niles promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 25 Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Charles F. Taylor until he was killed on July 2nd. Major William R. Hartshorne then took command.

July 2nd in the evening charged from the hill in rear to this position and held it until the afternoon of July 3rd when the Brigade advanced through the woods to the front and left driving the enemy and capturing many prisoners.

Present at Gettysburg 30 officers and 319 men. Killed and died of wounds 2 officers and 9 men. Wounded 8 officers and 27 men. Captured or missing 2 men.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December Guard Orange & Alexandria Railroad
1864
March 28 Lt. Colonel Niles resigns
May 4-31 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1 Veterans and Recruits transferred to 190th Pennsylvania Infantry
June 11 Mustered out