United States Regiments & Batteries > Indiana

The 19th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 194 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 116 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Antietam and a monument at Gettysburg.

July 29 Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., and mustered in under Colonel Solomon Meredith and Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Cameron.
August 2 Alois O. Bachman was promoted to major.
August 5 Left State for Washington, D.C.
September Attached to 3rd Brigade, McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac
September 11 Affair at Lewinsville, Va.
September 25 Reconnoissance to Lewinsville
September 28 Occupation of Falls Church
September Duty at Fort Craig, Va.
February 3 Lieutenant Colonel Cameron transferred to becom the colonel of the 34th Indiana Infantry Regiment. Major Bachman was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Isaac M. May was promoted to major.
March Attached to 1st Brigade, King’s 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-16 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March 17 –
April 9
Camp at Upton’s Hill
April Attached to 3rd Brigade, King’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
April 9-19 Advance on Falmouth, Va.
April 20 –
May 25
Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg
May 25-29 McDowell’s advance on Richmond
June Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
June 1-21 Operations against Jackson
June 22 –
August 5
At Warrenton
July 24-27 Reconnaissance to Orange Court House
August 5-8 Reconnaissance to Frederick’s Hall Station and Spottsylvania Court House
August 5-6 Thornburg’s Mills
August 16 –
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 26 Sulphur Springs
August 28
Battle of Groveton (Brawner’s Farm)

Lieutenant Colonel May was killed.

The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker at Brawner’s Farm.

August 29-30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September Attached to 4th Brigade (Iron Brigade), 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment suffered 53 casualties.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The brigade was the spearhead of Hooker’s early morning attack down the Hagerstown Pike.

Lieutenant Colonel Alois O. Bachman (23 years old) commanded the regiment until he was mortally wounded, leaving command to 19 year old Captain William W. Dudley. The regiment lost 12 men killed and 59 wounded.

From the marker for Gibbon’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

On the morning of the 17th, with its right on the Hagerstown Pike, Gibbon’s Brigade, which three days before had earned the title of the “Iron Brigade”, advanced in the direction of the Dunkard Church. When 135 yards north of this point Confederates, deployed under cover of the ledge and woods west of the pike attacked the flank, upon which the 19th Indiana and 7th Wisconsin were deployed on the plateau and in the woods west of the pike and the 2nd and 6th Wisconsin in the infamous Cornfield east of it. Battery B, 4th U. S. Artillery, went into position west of the pike and a few yards south of Miller’s barn. Supported by Patrick’s Brigade and the Battery on the right and Phelps’ Brigade on the left, Gibbon’s Brigade advanced to and south of this point but was forced back. Charge and countercharge of the most deadly character were made across the open plateau west of and in the Cornfield and ground south of it, east of the pike, and the Iron Brigade was compelled to retire to the field north of D. R. Miller’s and then to the cover of the high ground north and east of Joseph Poffenberger’s.

September 18 At Sharpsburg

Captain Samuel J. Williams of Company K was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William W. Dudley of Company B was promoted to major.

October 6 Colonel Meredith was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the brigade. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel J. Williams was promoted to colonel and Major Dudley was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 30 –
November 19
Movement to Warrenton, then to the Rappahannock
December 12 -15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign (“Mud March”)
January – April Duty at Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29 – May 2 Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek
April 29-30 Fitzhugh’s Crossing
May 1 Captain John M. Lindley of Company F was promoted to major.
May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
May 20-26 Expedition to Westmoreland County and operations on Northern Neck
June, 1863 Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps
June 11 – July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Samuel J. Williams. It brought 339 men to the field, and lost 27 killed, 133 wounded and 50 missing. Lieutenant Colonel Dudley lost a leg, and would not return to the regiment.

From the monument:

19 Indiana Vols. July 1, 1863. Col. S. J. Williams, Lt. Col. W. W. Dudley wounded, Maj. J. M. Lindley, Adj. J. E. Finney missing, Sergt. Maj. A. Blanchard killed, Co. A, Capt. Makepeace missing, Lieut. Gissel wounded, Co. B, Lieut. Schlagle, Lt. Jones killed, Co. C. Capt. Ives wounded, Lieut. Macy, Lieut. Potts, Co. D. Capt. Holloway, Lt. Yeatman, Co. E, Capt. Green missing, Lieut. Branson wounded, Co. F. Capt. Nash, Lieut. Richardson captured, Co. G, Capt. Shafer wounded, Lieut Baxter, Lieut. Waldschmidt, Co. H. Capt. Hart missing, Lieut. Scarbrough wounded, Lieut. Wilson, Co. I, Lt. Patrick, Lt. Johnson, Co. K, Capt. Orr, Lt. Campbell, Lt. East killed. Strength, officers and men 288, killed, wounded & missing 210.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap
August 1 to October At Rappahannock Station and Culpeper
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26 – December 2 Mine Run Campaign
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps
April 9 Lieutenant Colonel Dudley resigned after a second operation on his amputated leg. Major Lindley was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May 4 – June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Colonel Williams was killed on May 6.

May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-29 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 12 Bottom’s Bridge
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
August Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
August 4 Captain William Orr of Company K was promoted to major.
July 28 Non-Veterans mustered out
August 18-21 Weldon R. R.
September Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
September 23 The 107 veterans and recruits of the 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment were assigned to the 19th.
October 18 Consolidated into the 20th Indiana Infantry