United States Regiments & Batteries > Indiana

The 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment served from September of 1861 until September of 1864 in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. It lost 8 officers and 108 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 111 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Antietam and a monument at Gettysburg.

September 13 The 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana and mustered in.
September Ordered to Cheat Mountain, W. Va.; Attached to Cheat Mountain District, West Virginia
October 3-4 Action at Greenbrier
October 27-November 7 Scouting Expedition through the Kanawha District
December 11-14 Expedition to Camp Baldwin
December 18 Moved to Green Springs Run
January Attached to the 3rd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac
March Assigned to 3rd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps.
March 5-13 Advance on Winchester
March 18 Middletown
March 22-23

Battle of Winchester

March 25 Mount Jackson
April 4 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
April 17 Occupation of Mount Jackson
May, 1862 Assigned to 4th Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg, Virginia
May 25-30 Return to Front Royal
May 31 Burner’s Springs, near Front Royal
June Assigned to 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
June 9

Battle of Port Republic

June 10-26 March to Cloud’s Mills, near Alexandria and duty there
August 6-
September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23 Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia; Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28
Thoroughfare Gap
August 29

Battle of Groveton (Brawner’s Farm)

August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

September Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

The regiment fought at Turner’s Gap.

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment was commanded by Major Ira Grover. It was held in reserve north of the Poffenberger farm with the rest of its brigade to provide support for the 1st Corps Artillery.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Hofmann’s Brigade was held in support of the Corps Artillery.
About noon it was moved to the left in support of the Artillery of the First and Second Corps.
In the afternoon it was returned to the right where it remained until the close of the battle.

October 29 – November 17 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

January 20-24
“Mud March”
January 25 At Falmouth
February 12-14 Expedition to Martex Creek
April 23 Ira Grover was promoted to colonel.
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29-May 2 Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek
April 29-30 Fitzhugh’s Crossing
May 2-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment was commanded by Colonel Ira G. Grover. It had 437 men on the field on July 3rd, of whom 2 were killed, 5 wounded and 3 missing.

The regiment had been left behind at Emmitsburg on July 1st to guard the corps trains with orders to wait until relieved by one of Brigadier General George Stannard’s Vermont regiments. By 10 a.m. Colonel Grover decided to leave for the front. On the way word came of the battle, and the regiment hurried its march, reaching the battlefield in the early evening. They were posted on the north side of Culp’s Hill, going into line next to the survivors of the Iron Brigade. This strong and fresh regiment added greatly to the security of Culp’s Hill that evening. Colonel Grover was later brought before a court martial for abandoning his post guarding the trains, but was exonerated and praised for his actions.

< See Colonel Grover’s Official Report on the 7th Indiana at the Battle of Gettysburg >
October Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan
October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26 – December 2

Mine Run Campaign

February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April Assigned to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps
May 4-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-18

Before Petersburg

August, 1864 Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
August 18-21

Weldon R. R.

September 20 Non-Veterans mustered out under the command of Colonel Grover
September 23 Veterans and Recruits were transferred to the 19th Indiana Infantry