United States Regiments & Batteries > New Jersey


The 3rd New Jersey Cavalry Regiment lost 3 officers and 47 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 105 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

1863
November The 3rd New Jersey Cavalry Regiment was organized at Camp Bayard, Trenton, N.J. as the 36th Volunteers and mustered in by companies under Colonel Andrew J. Morrison.

The regiment was designated as a Hussar regiment, one of only two in the United States Army and the only one in the Army of the Potomac. Hussars were light cavalry that wore a distinctive uniform.  The 3rd New Jersey wore a dark blue dolman (jacket) with yellow braid, pelisses, short blue hooded cloaks with red lining, and a peakless forage cap. Their unique uniform earned them the nickname of “Butterflies.”

They were armed with a saber, two Remington revolvers, and a Spencer repeater carbine.

December 2 Company D mustered in
1864
January 4 Company E mustered in
January 6 Companies G and H mustered in
January 12 Company F mustered in
January 22 Company C mustered in
January 26 Company A mustered in
January 29 Company B mustered in
March 24 Companies I, K, L and M mustered in
April 5-7 March to Annapolis, Md.
April 29 Guarded Orange & Alexandria Railroad attached to Cavalry, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 3-June 12

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

May 5-7

Battle of The Wilderness

May 5 Near Germanin Ford
May 6 Picket on the Rapidan
May 7 Guard pontoons
May 8-9 Expedition to Fredericksburg
May 9-21

Spotsylvania Court House

May 19 United States Ford
May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31

Totopotomoy

May 31 Mechump’s Creek
June 1 Ashland Station
June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 2 Totopotomoy, Gaines’ Mill, Salem Church and Hawes’ Shop
June 3 Hawes’ Shop
June 11 Bethesda Church
June 13 White Oak Swamp
June 15 Smith’s Store, near St. Mary’s Church
June 20 Weldon Railroad
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
June 27 Milford Station
June 27-July 16 Picket duty at City Point
July 16-25 Duty at Light House Point
July 25

First Assault on Petersburg

July 30

Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Companies A and E)

August 7-
November 28

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

The regiment, with the rest of the 3rd Division of the Cavalry Corps, was transferred to Sheridan’s Army of the Valley.

August 17 Winchester
August 21 Summit Point
August 21 Middleway
August 25 Near Kearneysville
August 29 Colonel Morrison resigned. Major Abram H. Krom took command of the regiment.
September 8 Alexander C. M. Pennington (West Point Class of 1860) became colonel. Pennington was a captain (brevet major) commanding a battery of United States Regular Horse Artillery. He was from New Jersey and his father was a United States congressman, which helped him get a New Jersey commission as Colonel in the United States Volunteers.
September 13 Abraham’s Creek, near Winchester
September 19

Third Battle of Winchester

Colonel Pennington took over command of the brigade. Major Major Abram H. Krom took command of the regiment.

September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Front Royal
September 22 Milford
September 29 Waynesboro
October 2 Bridgewater
October 8-9

Tom’s Brook (“Woodstock Races”)

October 10-13 Picket at Cedar Creek
October 13 Cedar Creek
October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

Colonel Pennington was cited for gallantry and was given a promotion to brevet major in the Regular Army.

November 12 Newtown (or Middletown)
November 22 Rude’s Hill, near Mr. Jackson
December 19-22 Expedition from Kernstown to Lacey’s Springs
December 21 Lacey’s Springs
1865
February 27-
March 24

Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester

March 2 Occupation of Staunton and Action at Waynesboro
March 3 Occupation of Charlottesville
March 15 Near Ashland
March 28-
April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 30-31

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 3 Namozine Church
April 6

Sailor’s Creek

April 8

Appomattox Station

April 9

Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-27 Expedition to Danville and South Boston
May March to Washington. D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
August 1 Mustered out at Washington, D, C.