The 7th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 271 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 143 enlisted men by disease during the Civil War. The Seventh Wisconsin is honored by a monument on the Gettysburg battlefield.
|August||Organized at Camp Randall, Madison, Wisconsin|
|September 2||Mustered in under Colonel Joseph Vandor, Lieutenant Colonel William W. Robinson and Major Charles A. Hamilton.|
|September 21||Left State for Washington, D.C.|
|October 1||Arrived in Washington and attached to King’s Brigade, McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac and duty in the Defenses of Washington|
|January 30||Colonel Vandor resigned.|
|February 3||Lieutenant Colonel Robinson was promoted to colonel, Major Hamilton to lieutenant colonel, and Captain George Bill of Company A to major.|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 10-16||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|April 9-19||Advance to Falmouth, Va. and duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg|
|April||Attached to 3rd Brigade, King’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|May 25-29||McDowell’s advance on Richmond|
|June 2-11||Operations against Jackson|
|June||Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia|
|July 24-27||Reconnaissance to Orange Court House|
|August 5-8||Expedition to Frederick’s Hall Station and Spotsylvania Court House|
|August 5-6||Thornburg’s Mills or Massaponax Church|
|August 9||Battle of Cedar Mountain|
|August 16||Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
|August 21-23||Fords of the Rappahannock|
|August 22||Catlett’s Station|
Colonel Robinson, Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton and Major Bill were wounded, although Hamilton remained on the field until the end of the fighting. Captain John B. Callis of Company F then took command of the regiment as senior captain.
The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker along the Brawner’s Farm loop trail on the Bull Run battlefield.
|September 1||Battle of Chantilly (Reserve)|
|September 6||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment assaulted Turner’s Gap, suffering 147 casualties out of 375 men engaged. The brigade earned the name, “Iron Brigade.”
The brigade was the spearhead of Hooker’s early morning attack down the Hagerstown Pike. The 7th Wisconsin took about 190 men into action and lost 9 men killed, 26 wounded and 5 missing.
On the morning of the 17th, with its right on the Hagerstown Pike, Gibbon’s Brigade, which three days before had earned the title of the “Iron Brigade”, advanced in the direction of the Dunkard Church. When 135 yards north of this point Confederates, deployed under cover of the ledge and woods west of the pike attacked the flank, upon which the 19th Indiana and 7th Wisconsin were deployed on the plateau and in the woods west of the pike and the 2nd and 6th Wisconsin in the infamous Cornfield east of it. Battery B, 4th U. S. Artillery, went into position west of the pike and a few yards south of Miller’s barn. Supported by Patrick’s Brigade and the Battery on the right and Phelps’ Brigade on the left, Gibbon’s Brigade advanced to and south of this point but was forced back. Charge and countercharge of the most deadly character were made across the open plateau west of and in the Cornfield and ground south of it, east of the pike, and the Iron Brigade was compelled to retire to the field north of D. R. Miller’s and then to the cover of the high ground north and east of Joseph Poffenberger’s.
|September 18||At Sharpsburg, Md.|
|October 30-November 22||Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|January 5||Major Bill had never recovered from his Brawner Farm wound enough to return to the field and resigned.|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|January 25||At Belle Plain|
|February 26||Captain John B. Callis of Company F was promoted to major effective to January 5.|
|March 3||Major Hamilton was discharged due to his wound from Brawner’s Farm, the doctors never having been able to successfully extricate a bullet from his thigh.|
|March 9||Major Callis was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Mark Finnicum of Company H was promoted to major.|
|April 27||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek|
Captain Alexander Gordon and Lieutenant Wiliam O. Topping were killed.
The regiment lost 3 men killed, 5 wounded and 1 missing
|June||Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps|
Commanded by Colonel William Robinson, the regiment was temporarily attached to a composite brigade of infantry that supported the left flank of the Cavalry Corps in the battle.
|June 11||Gettysburg Campaign|
It went into action with 370 and lost killed – 39, wounded – 103, missing – 52, total – 194. Francis Jefferson Coates of Company H was awarded the Medal of Honor “In action at Gettysburg, PA on July 1, 1863 for unsurpassed courage in battle where he had both eyes shot out.”
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.|
|July 25||Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan|
|October 9||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26||Mine Run Campaign|
|December||Lieutenant Colonel Callis was discharged due to disability from his Gettysburg wound. Major Finnicum was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Hollon Richardson was promoted to major.|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps|
|May 4||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River|
|May 8||Battle of Laurel Hill|
Lieutenant Colonel Finnicum was wounded.
|May 12||Assault on the Salient, “Bloody Angle”|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 23||Jericho Ford|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|May 31||Lieutenant Colonel Finnicum returned to duty after his Spotsylvania wound.|
|June 1-3||Bethesda Church|
Siege of Petersburg begins
|July 9||Colonel Robinson resigned.|
|August||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps|
|August 3||Major Richardson was promoted to acting lieutenant colonel.|
Corporal Horace Ellis was awarded the Medal of Honor “for action at Weldon Rail Road Station, Virginia on August 21, 1864. Captured the flag of the 16th Mississippi.”
|September||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps|
|December 17||Lieutenant Colonel Mark Finnicum resigned. Major Richardson was confirmed as lieutenant colonel.|
|December 29||Captain George S. Hoyt was promoted to major.|
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
|March 30-31||Boydton and White Oak Roads|
Lieutenant Colonel Richardson was wounded in the final attack against the Confederate rear guard when he threw himself in front of General Warren to shield him from Confederate fire. Richardson was breveted colonel for his heroic actions in the battle.
|April 2||Fall of Petersburg|
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|May||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|June 16||Moved to Louisville, Ky.|
|July 2||Mustered out|